Integument – a tough outer protective layer, especially that of an animal or plant; a natural covering as in a husk, rind, shell or skin; something that covers or encloses; especially : an enveloping layer ( such as a skin, membrane, or cuticle) of an organism or one of its parts.
Raise a glass to dairy goodness.
It’s World Milk Day.
In 2001, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) selected June 1st as World Milk Day, which celebrates the important contributions of the dairy sector to sustainability, economic development, livelihoods and nutrition.
World Milk Day aims to celebrate the important contributions of the dairy sector to:
We’re nearly half way through the year and have only just got to Tax Freedom Day:
A media release from the Taxpayers’ Union says:
From today until the end of the year you are finally working for yourself, and not the taxman, says the New Zealand Taxpayers’ Union.
‘Tax Freedom Day’ marks the day on which New Zealanders have collectively worked enough to pay off the cost of government for the year.
Taxpayers’ Union spokesman Louis Houlbrooke says, “For the average New Zealander, getting to work on Monday represents the first day they’re working for themselves.”
“This year’s total government expenses have been forecast to suck up 41.5 percent of the economy. That means, if a taxpayer wanted pay off their share of government expenses as soon as possible this year, they would have to work sacrifice all their wages from January the 1st, until today, June 1st.”
“Today is worth celebrating, but it’s a shame we had to wait so long to pay off the politicians’ expense card. Unfortunately, government spending increasing faster than economic growth means the continuation of the trend of a later Tax Freedom Day.”
“Some other groups chose to observe Tax Freedom Day earlier this year. But our chosen date – based on OECD figures – takes into account local government and spending paid for with debt, meaning it reflects the full burden of government on taxpayers.”
And on the eve of Tax Freedom Day, the government pushed through an increase to fuel taxes under urgency:
The Taxpayers’ Union is slamming the passage of legislation hiking the price of petrol at the pump to see that more than 50 percent of the price paid will soon be tax. Union spokesperson, Jordan Williams says:
“Clearly ‘wellbeing’ is just marketing fluff. Petrol taxes are highly regressive – they hit the poor, those in regional New Zealand, and those who live on outer suburbs the hardest. It’s one of the cruelest forms of tax.”
“Rushing these new petrol taxes through Parliament under urgency is disgraceful. They are a total breach of the Prime Minister’s ‘no new tax’ election promise. And Labour know it.”
“Pain at the pump underscores the fact that big-ticket Budget announcements come at a real cost, regardless of the fuzzy wellbeing language the politicians use to promote them.”
Petrol was more than $2.45 a litre when we passed through Omarama earlier this week. Tax is already too big a contributor to that.
Taking more money from everyone and adding to the cost of everything will not contribute to wellbeing.
Saturday’s soapbox is yours to use as you will – within the bounds of decency and absence of defamation. You’re welcome to look back or forward, discuss issues of the moment, to pontificate, ponder or point us to something of interest, to educate, elucidate or entertain, amuse, bemuse or simply muse, but not abuse.
Humility is royalty without a crown – Spencer W. Kimball
987 Hugh Capet was elected King of France.
1204 King Philip Augustus of France conquered Rouen.
1252 Alfonso X was elected King of Castile and León.
1495 Friar John Cor recorded the first known batch of scotch whisky.
1533 Anne Boleyn was crowned Queen of England.
1660 Mary Dyer was hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1679 The Scottish Covenanters defeated John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
1779 Benedict Arnold, a general in the Continental Army was court-martialed for malfeasance.
1792 Kentucky was admitted as the 15th state of the United States.
1794 The battle of the Glorious First of June was fought, the first naval engagement between Britain and France during the French Revolutionary Wars.
1796 Tennessee was admitted as the 16th state of the United States.
1812 War of 1812: U.S. President James Madison asked the Congress to declare war on the United Kingdom.
1813 James Lawrence, the mortally-wounded commander of the USS Chesapeake, gave his final order: “Don’t give up the ship!”
1815 Napoleon swore fidelity to the Constitution of France.
1843 Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer, was born (d. 1930).
1855 American adventurer William Walker conquered Nicaragua.
1857 Charles Baudelaire‘s Fleurs du mal was published.
1862 American Civil War, Peninsula Campaign: Battle of Seven Pines (or the Battle of Fair Oaks) ended inconclusively, with both sides claiming victory.
1868 Treaty of Bosque Redondo was signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
1869 Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric voting machine.
1878 – John Masefield, English novelist and poet was born (d. 1967).
1879 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, was killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
1886 – The railroads of the Southern United States converted 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge.
1907 Frank Whittle, English inventor of the jet engine was born (d. 1996).
1910 Robert Falcon Scott’s South Pole expedition left England.
1918 World War I: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord engaged Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
1920 Adolfo de la Huerta became president of Mexico.
1921 Nelson Riddle, American bandleader and arranger, was born (d. 1985).
1921 Tulsa Race Riot.
1922 The Royal Ulster Constabulary was founded.
1926 Andy Griffith, American actor was born (d. 2012).
1926 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress, was born (d. 1962).
1928 Bob Monkhouse, English comedian, was born (d. 2003).
1929 The 1st Conference of the Communist Parties of Latin America was held in Buenos Aires.
1930 Edward Woodward, English actor, was born (d. 2009).
1934 Pat Boone, American singer, was born.
1935 The first driving tests were introduced in the United Kingdom.
1937 Morgan Freeman, American actor, was born.
1937 Colleen McCullough, Australian novelist, was born (d. 2015).
1939 Maiden flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (D-OPZE) fighter aeroplane.
1940 The Leninist Communist Youth League of the Karelo-Finnish SSR holds its first congress.
1940 The Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation went out of business, giving the City of New York full control of the subway system in the city.
1941 World War II: Battle of Crete ended as Crete capitulated to Germany.
1942 World War II: the Warsaw paper Liberty Brigade published the first news of the concentration camps.
1943 British Overseas Airways Corporation Flight 777 wasshot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s, killing actor Leslie Howard and leading to speculation the downing was an attempt to kill British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
1946 Ion Antonescu, “Conducator” (leader) of Romania during World War 2, was executed.
1947 – Ronnie Wood, English guitarist (Rolling Stones), was born.
1950 Wayne Nelson, American musician (Little River Band), was born.
1958 Charles de Gaulle came out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
1960 New Zealand’s first official television transmission began at 7.30pm.
1960 Simon Gallup, English bassist (The Cure), was born.
1963 Kenya gained internal self-rule (Madaraka Day).
1974 Flixborough disaster: an explosion at a chemical plant killed 28 people.
1974 –The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims was published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
1978 – The first international applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty were filed.
1979 – The first black-led government of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 90 years took power.
1980 Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting.
1988 The 4th Congress of the Communist Youth of Greece started.
1993 Dobrinja mortar attack: 13 were killed and 133 wounded when Serb mortar shells are fired at a soccer game in Dobrinja, west of Sarajevo.
1999 American Airlines Flight 1420 slid and crashed while landing at Little Rock National Airport, killing 11 people.
2000 The Patent Law Treaty was signed.
2001 Nepalese royal massacre : Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal shot and killed several members of his family including his father and mother, King Birendra and Queen Aiswarya.
2001 – Dolphinarium massacre: a Hamas suicide bomber killed 21 at a disco in Tel Aviv.
2003 Filling began of the reservoir behind the Three Gorges Dam.
2005 The Dutch referendum on the European Constitution resulted in its rejection.
2009 Air France Flight 447 crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Brazil. All 228 passengers and crew were killed.
2009 – General Motors filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy. It is the fourth largest United States bankruptcy in history.
2011 – A rare tornado outbreak occurred in New England; a strong EF3 tornado struck Springfield, Massachusetts during the event, killing four people.
2012 – The Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental jumbo jet aircraft was introduced with Lufthansa.
2014 – A bombing at a football field in Mubi, Nigeria, killed at least 40 people.
2015 – A ship carrying 458 people capsised on the Yangtze River in China’s Hubei province, killing 400 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia