March 7 in history

321  Roman Emperor Constantine I decreed that the dies Solis Invicti(sun-day) was the day of rest in the Empire.

1277 Stephen Tempier, bishop of Paris, condemned 219 philosophical and theological theses.

1671 Rob Roy MacGregor, Scottish folk hero, was born (d. 1734).

1799 –Napoleon Bonaparte captured Jaffa  and his troops killed more than 2,000 Albanian captives.

1814 Napoleon I of France won the Battle of Craonne.

1827 – Brazil marines unsuccessfully attacked the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.

1827 – Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner was abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield a future politician in colonial New Zealand.

1842 The first official execution in New Zealand took place when Maketu Wharetotara, the 17-year-old son of the Nga Puhi chief Ruhe of Waimate, was hanged for killing five people.

First official execution in NZ

1850 Senator Daniel Webster gave his “Seventh of March” speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war.

1875 Maurice Ravel, French composer, was born(d. 1937).

1876 – Alexander Graham Bell was granted a patent for the telephone beating Antonio Meucci by just 4 hours.

1895 – Dorothy de Rothschild, English philanthropist and activist, was born (d. 1988).

1914 Prince William of Wied arrived in Albania to begin his reign.

1925  – Rene Gagnon, American Marine shown in photograph of the Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, was born (d. 1979).

1930 Antony Armstrong-Jones, British photographer, Lord Snowdon, former husband of Princess Margaret, was born.

1936  In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupied the Rhineland..

1941 – New Zealand troops arrived in Greece.

New Zealand troops arrive in Greece

1944 Sir Ranulph Fiennes, British soldier and explorer, was born.

1946– Matthew Fisher, British musician (Procol Harum), was born.

1945 – At Woeste Hoeve the German commissar-general Rauter was attacked. 250 people were executed as revenge.

1951 Korean War: Operation Ripper: – United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway began an assault against Chinese forces.

1952  – Viv Richards, Antiguan West Indies cricketer, was born.

1958 Rik Mayall, British actor, was born.

1963 – E. L. James, English author was born.

1965 Bloody Sunday: A group of 600 civil rights marchers were forcefully broken up in Selma, Alabama.

1971  Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his historic 7th March speech  “This time the struggle is for our freedom” speech at Ramna Race Course, calling upon the Bengali people to prepare for the freedom struggle ahead.

1973 Sébastien Izambard operatic pop singer (Il Divo), was born.

1986  – Challenger Disaster: Divers from the USS Preserver located the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor.

1988 – Cyclone Bola struck Hawke’s Bay and Gisborne–East Cape region.

Cyclone Bola strikes

1989 Iran and the United Kingdom broke diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie  and his controversial novel.

2007 – British House of Commons voted to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected.

2009– The Real Irish Republican Army killed two British soldiers and two civilians, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since The Troubles.

2009 – The Kepler Space Observatory, designed to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars, was launched.

2014 – The opening ceremony for the Winter Paralympics took place in Sochi, Russia.

2017  – Poachers struck a European zoo for the first time in history killing a four year old White rhino in Thoiry zoo.

2018 – Stef Blok became the minister of international relations after Halbe Zijlstra was removed from this position earlier for making up stories about Vladimir Putin and his plans for future territorial expansion.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia

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