1664 Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan, was born (d. 1703).
1840 Around 40 Maori chiefs, led by Hone Heke, signed a treaty with the British Crown at Waitangi.
1842 Mary Rudge, English chess master, was born (d. 1919).
1848 Walter B. Pitkin, American lecturer in philosophy and psychology, was born (d1953).
1872 – Otago Girls’ High, New Zealand’s first public girls’ secondary school opened.
1894 Eric Partridge, New Zealand lexicographer, was born (d. 1979).
1895 Babe Ruth, American baseball player, was born (d. 1948).
1899 The Treaty of Paris, a peace treaty between the United States and Spain, was ratified by the United States Senate.
1911 Ronald Reagan, 40th President of the United States, was born (d. 2004).
1912 Eva Braun, wife of Adolf Hitler, was born (d. 1945).
1917 Zsa Zsa Gábor, Hungarian-born actress, was born (d. 2016).
1922 Denis Norden, British radio and television personality, was born.
1922 – Patrick Macnee, English actor, was born.
1922 The Washington Naval Treaty was signed, limiting the naval armaments of United States, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy.
1933 The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution went into effect.
1945 Bob Marley, Jamaican musician, was born (d. 1981).
1947 The trans-Tasman liner Wanganella was refloated after 18 days stuck on Barrett Reef.
1950 Natalie Cole, American singer, was born.
1951 The Broker, a Pennsylvania Railroad passenger train derailed near Woodbridge Township, New Jersey, killing 85 people and injuring over 500 more.
1958 Eight Manchester United F.C. players were killed in the Munich air disaster.
1959 – At Cape Canaveral, the first successful test firing of a Titan intercontinental ballistic missile was accomplished.
1962 W. Axl Rose, American singer (Guns N’ Roses), was born.
1976 Princess Marie of Denmark, was born.
1974 – The bird calls began on what is now RadioNZ National.
1978 The Blizzard of 1978, one of the worst Nor’easters in New England history, hit the region, with sustained winds of 65 mph and snowfall of 4″ an hour.
1987 Justice Mary Gaudron became the first woman appointed to the High Court of Australia.
1989 The Roundtable talks started in Poland marking the beginning of overthrow of communism in Eastern Europe.
1992 The Saami people of the Nordic countries had an official day celebrating their existence.
1996 – Willamette Valley Flood of 1996: Floods in the Willamette Valley of Oregon, United States, caused more than US$500 million in property damage throughout the Pacific Northwest.
1996 – Birgenair flight 301 crashed off the coast of the Dominican Republic, all 189 people inside the airplane are killed. This is the worst accident/incident involving a Boeing 757.
1998 – Washington National Airport was renamed Ronald Reagan National Airport.
2004 – Princess Louise of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Princess of Belgium, was born.
2012 – A 6.9 magnitude earthquake hit near the central Philippines off the coast of Negros Island causing at least 51 deaths and injuring 112 others.
2013 – An 8.0 magnitude earthquake hit the Solomon Islands killing 10 people and injuring 17 others.
2016 – A 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit southern Taiwan, killing at least 38 people and injuring over 530 more.
Sourced from NZ History Online, Radio NZ & Wikipedia.