284 – Diocletian was proclaimed emperor by his soldiers.
1183 – The Battle of Mizushima.
1292 – (O.S.) John Balliol became King of Scotland.
1511 – Spain and England allied against France.
1558 – Elizabethan era began: Queen Mary I of England died and was succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth I of England.
1603 – English explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh went on trial for treason.
1659 – The Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain.
1749 – Nicolas Appert, French chef, inventor of canning, was born (d. 1841)
1777 – Articles of Confederation are submitted to the states for ratification.
1796 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Arcole – French forces defeated the Austrians in Italy.
1800 – The United States Congress held its first session in Washington, D.C.
1811 – José Miguel Carrera, Chilean founding father, was sworn in as President of the executive Junta of the government of Chile.
1812 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi.
1820 – Captain Nathaniel Palmer became the first American to see Antarctica.
1831 – Ecuador and Venezuela were separated from Greater Colombia.
1855 – David Livingstone became the first European to see the Victoria Falls.
1858 – Modified Julian Day zero.
1863 – American Civil War: Siege of Knoxville began.
1869 – In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, was inaugurated.
1871 – The National Rifle Association was granted a charter by the state of New York.
1876 – Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky‘s Slavonic March is given its première performance in Moscow.
1878 – First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
1887 – Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, English field marshal, was born (d. 1976).
1903 – The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party split into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for “majority”) and Mensheviks (Russian for “minority”).
1905 – The Eulsa Treaty was signed between Japan and Korea.
1919 – King George V proclaimed Armistice Day (later Remembrance Day).
1922 – Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI went into exile in Italy.
1923 – Bert Sutcliffe, New Zealand cricketer and coach, was born (d. 2001).
1925 Governor-General, Sir Charles Fergusson, opened the New Zealand and South Seas International Exhibition in Dunedin.
1925 Rock Hudson, American actor, was born (d. 1985).
1937 Peter Cook, British comedian, was born (d. 1995).
1938 Gordon Lightfoot, Canadian singer, was born.
1939 – Auberon Waugh, English journalist and author, was born (d. 2001).
1939 – Nine Czech students were executed as a response to anti-Nazi demonstrations prompted by the death of Jan Opletal.All Czech universities were shut down and over 1200 Czech students sent to concentration camps.
1947 – The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
1947 – American scientists John Bardeen and Walter Brattain observed the basic principles of the transistor, a key element for the electronics revolution of the 20th Century.
1950 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, was enthroned as the leader of Tibet at the age of fifteen.
1953 – The remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, Kerry, Ireland were evacuated to the mainland.
1957 – G-AOHP of British European Airways crashed at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport after a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft.
1962 – President John F. Kennedy dedicated Dulles International Airport.
1967 – Vietnam War: Acting on optimistic reports that he had been given on November 13, US President Lyndon B. Johnson told the nation that, while much remained to be done, “We are inflicting greater losses than we’re taking…We are making progress.”
1968 – Alexandros Panagoulis was condemned to death for attempting to assassinate Greek dictator George Papadopoulos.
1968 – British European Airways introduced the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service.
1969 – Cold War: Negotiators from the Soviet Union and the United States met in Helsinki to begin SALT I negotiations aimed at limiting the number of strategic weapons on both sides.
1970 – Vietnam War: Lieutenant William Calley went on trial for the My Lai massacre.
1970 – The Soviet Union landed Lunokhod 1 on Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on the Moon – the first roving remote-controlled robot to land on another world was released by the orbiting Luna 17 spacecraft.
1970 – Douglas Engelbart received the patent for the first computer mouse.
1973 – Watergate scandal: US President Richard Nixon told 400 Associated Press managing editors “I am not a crook”.
1973 – The Athens Polytechnic Uprising against the military regime ended in bloodshed.
1974 – The Aliança Operário-Camponesa (Worker-Peasant Alliance) was founded in Portugal, as a front of PCP(m-l).
1978 – Zoë Bell, New Zealand actress-stuntwoman, was born.
1979 – Brisbane Suburban Railway Electrification. The first stage from Ferny Grove to Darra was commissioned.
1982 – Duk Koo Kim died unexpectedly from injuries sustained during a 14-round match against Ray Mancini prompting reforms in the sport of boxing.
1983 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation was founded.
1989 – Cold War: Velvet Revolution began: a student demonstration in Prague was quelled by riot police. This sparked an uprising aimed at overthrowing the communist government.
1990 – Fugendake, part of the Mount Unzen volcanic complex erupted.
1997 – Luxor massacre: 62 people were killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut.
2000 – A landslide in Log pod Mangartom, Slovenia, killed 7, and caused millions of SIT of damage.
2000 – Alberto Fujimori was removed from office as president of Peru.
2004 – Kmart Corp. announced that it was buying Sears, Roebuck and Co. for $11 billion USD and naming the newly merged company Sears Holdings Corporation.
2007 – Brian May of the rock band Queen was appointed Chancellor of Liverpool John Moores University.
2012 – At least 50 schoolchildren are killed in an accident at a railway crossing near Manfalut, Egypt.
2013 – Fifty people were killed when Tatarstan Airlines Flight 363 crashed at Kazan Airport, Russia.
2013 – A rare late-season tornado outbreak struck the Midwest. Illinois and Indiana were most affected with tornado reports as far north as lower Michigan. About six dozen tornadoes touched down in approximately an 11-hour time period, including seven EF3 and two EF4 tornadoes.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia