764 – Tibetan troops occupied Chang’an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
1028 – Future Byzantine empress Zoe married Romanus Argyrus.
1439 – Plymouth, became the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
1555 – The English Parliament re-established Catholicism.
1651 Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Mexican mystic and author, was born (d. 1695).
1729 Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French explorer, was born (d. 1811).
1793 – Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, was guillotined.
1840 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor, was born (d. 1917).
1847 – Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, was the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1866 Sun Yat-sen, the 1st President of the Republic of China was born (d. 1925).
1892 – William “Pudge” Heffelfinger became the first professional American football player on record.
1893 – The treaty of the Durand Line was signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan.
1889 – DeWitt Wallace, American publisher and philanthropist, co-founded Reader’s Digest, was born (d. 1981).
1905 – Norway held a referendum in favour of monarchy over republic.
1912 Striking worker Fred Evans was fatally injured in a clash with police and strike breakers during the bitter six-month-long dispute at the gold mining town of Waihi.
1912 – The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men were found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
1918 – Austria became a republic.
1920 – Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes signed the Treaty of Rapallo.
1927 – Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
1929 Princess Grace of Monaco (Grace Kelly), was born (d. 1982).
1933 – Hugh Gray took the first known photos of the Loch Ness Monster.
1934 Charles Manson, American cult leader, was born
1936 – The San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic.
1938 – Hermann Göring proposed plans to make Madagascar the “Jewish homeland”.
1941 – World War II: Temperatures around Moscow dropped to -12 ° C and the Soviet Union launched ski troops for the first time against the freezing German forces near the city.
1941 – World War II: The Soviet cruiser Chervona Ukraina was destroyed during the Battle of Sevastopol.
1942 – World War II: The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal began.
1943 Bjorn Waldegard, Swedish rally driver, was born.
1944 – World War II: The Royal Air Force launched 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs.
1944 Booker T. Jones, American musician and songwriter (Booker T and the MG’s), was born.
1945 Neil Young, Canadian singer and musician, was born.
1948 – An international war crimes tribunal sentenced seven Japanese military and government officials, including General Hideki Tojo, to death for their roles in World War II.
1958 – A team of rock climbers led by Warren Harding completed the first ascent of The Nose on El Capitan in Yosemite Valley.
1962 Naomi Wolf, American author and feminist, was born.
1969 – Vietnam War: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hershbroke the My Lai story.
1970 – The Oregon Highway Division attempted to destroy a rotting beached Sperm whale with explosives, leading to the now infamous“exploding whale” incident.
1970 – The 1970 Bhola cyclone makes landfall on the coast of East Pakistan becoming the deadliest tropical cyclone in history.
1978 – As Bishop of Rome Pope John Paul II took possession of his Cathedral Church, the Basilica of St. John Lateran.
1979 – Iran hostage crisis: In response to the hostage situation in Tehran, US President Jimmy Carter ordered a halt to all petroleum imports into the United States from Iran.
1980 – The NASA space probe Voyager I made its closest approach toSaturn and takes the first images of its rings.
1981 – Mission STS-2, utilizing the Space Shuttle Columbia, marked the first time a manned spacecraft was launched into space twice.
1982 – Yuri Andropov became the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee, succeeding Leonid I. Brezhnev.
1982 – Lech Wałęsa, was released from a Polish prison after eleven months.
1990 – Crown Prince Akihito was formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
1990 – Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
1991 – Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces opened fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili.
1996 – A Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747 and a Kazakh Ilyushin Il-76 cargo plane collided in mid-air near New Delhi, killing 349. The deadliest mid-air collision to date.
1997 – Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.
1998 – Vice President Al Gore signed the Kyoto Protocol.
1998 – Daimler-Benz completed a merger with Chrysler to form Daimler-Chrysler.
1999 – The Düzce earthquake struck Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
2001 – American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 en route to the Dominican Republic, crashed minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
2001 – War in Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandoned Kabul, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.
2003 – Iraq War: In Nasiriyah, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, were killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
2003 – Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record (501 kilometres per hour (311 mph)) for commercial railway systems, which remains the fastest for unmodified commercial rail vehicles.
2011 – Silvio Berlusconi resigned as Prime Minister of Italy due, in large part, to the European sovereign debt crisis.
2014 – The Philae lander, deployed from the European Space Agency’s Rosetta probe, reached the surface of Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko.
2015 – Two suicide bombers detonated explosives in Bourj el-Barajneh, Beirut, killing 43 people and injuring over 200 others.
2017 – The 7.3 Mw Kermanshah earthquake shook he northern Iran–Iraq border with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). At least 410 people were killed and over 7,000 were injured.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia