Trivalent – having a chemical valence of three; conferring immunity to three different pathogenic strains or species; having three sites of attachment; containing antigens from three strains of a microorganism or virus.
Economist and social theorist Thomas Sowell has many thoughtful and thought provoking quotes.
Someone on Twitter posts some each day which are worthy of wider reading and that has prompted me to start Sowell says.
Fonterra board gets controversial voice back – Sally Rae:
Fairlie farmer Leonie Guiney has returned to the Fonterra board, vowing to solve the co-operative’s ”reputational issues”.
Shareholders voted to elect Mrs Guiney and Zespri chairman Peter McBride to the board and they will take office at the close of today’s annual meeting at Fonterra’s Lichfield plant in the Waikato.
Sitting director Ashley Waugh, Maori Television chairman Jamie Tuuta, and John Nicholls were unsuccessful.
Mrs Guiney, who farms near Fairlie and is director of four dairy farming companies, served on the board from 2014 until last year. . .
Fonterra Shareholders’ Council report questions value-add strategy – Gerard Hutching:
Fonterra has failed to deliver “meaningful returns” on shareholders’ capital since inception in 2001, a new Shareholders Council report says, which questions the value-add strategy.
The much vaunted value-add business has returned only 0.2 per cent a year more than ingredients or commodities, “significantly below the 1.3 per cent a year premium needed to justify the increased risk”.
“This is important because the value-add business units are now using an increasing share of Fonterra’s capital. For the first five years since inception – 2002-06 – the value-add business accounted for 36 per cent of Fonterra’s capital. This has increased to 50 per cent of Fonterra’s capital over the last five years.” . .
Reducing sediment loss explored at field days – Ella Stokes:
Sediment mitigation was a hot topic at the field days hosted by the Pomahaka Water Care Group last week.
The farmer-led group has an overall target of improving water health – first on farm and also in the Pomahaka River.
Last week, there were three field days held in the West Otago area to explore solutions to reduce sediment loss, which is a major issue in the area.
Landcare Research environmental scientist and Pomahaka Water Care Group (PWCG) co-ordinator Craig Simpson said they had up to 70 people at one of the events. . .
Youngsters keep old-timers happy – Neal Wallace:
Transforming a run-down farm into a high performance stock unit was satisfying for Ron Davis and Roger Chittock but their greatest pleasure came from seeing youngsters trained on it go on to successful farming careers.
Chittock has spent 37 years and Davis 29 years on the management board of the Salvation Army’s Jeff Farm, a 2630ha sheep, beef and deer property between Clinton and Gore in eastern Southland.
But overseeing the development of the 30,000 stock units farm was only part of their enjoyment.
Jeff Farm’s primary role is to train youth for agricultural careers and the two retiring board members say seeing young people grow and move into industry jobs was immensely satisfying. . .
Goats ready to earn their keep – Neal Wallace:
Three years ago David Shaw questioned why he was still farming Cashmere goats.
This month garments made from fibre harvested from goats on his south Otago farm will be on sale in a new Untouched World retail store opening in Wanaka.
Potentially, the resurrected cashmere market could take several tonnes of fibre and he believes having about 25,000 Cashmere goats is achievable.
He has 1000 goats on his farm and has readily identified 5000 on other farms that could be crossed with Cashmere bucks. . .
The apparel industry has rediscovered the wool from corriedale sheep – Heather Chalmers:
Demand from sportswear and fashion companies is sending the price of a previously written-off type of wool to record levels.
This has led the dual-purpose corriedale sheep breed to make a comeback, after many farmers chose to shift to more meat breeds.
Corriedale wool is in the mid-micron range, coarser than most merino fibre, but far finer than crossbred wool that comprises most of the New Zealand clip. . .
Five Nuffield scholarships have been awarded for 2019. They have gone to two dairy farmers, a sheep and beef farmer, an arable farmer and an analyst.
Ben Hancock was raised on his family’s Wairarapa hill country sheep and beef cattle farm. He now works in Wellington for Beef + Lamb New Zealand as a senior analyst, still near the farm he often returns to.
After working in research and conservation roles in NZ, the United States and Panama Hancock did a doctorate investigating ecosystem services. . .
A decision to deport a convicted criminal could be made in a very few minutes.
A decision to give residency to one needs a lot more time than it got:
Immigration Minister Iain Lees-Galloway made the decision to grant Karel Sroubek residency in less than an hour.
The revelation has led to calls from the Opposition for Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern to sack her Immigration Minister.
Lees-Galloway said he did not read the full file on the Czech drug smuggler, and instead “read the aspects of the file that I thought were necessary to make the decision that I made”. . .
How can you know what you need to read to make a decision if you don’t read all the information you have?
“I took the information that I had and I took the time that I felt was necessary. I read various aspects of the full file. I didn’t rely solely on the summary.” . .
Various aspects? That’s not the full file and it defies belief that he could have read even some of the information that has made this decision so inexplicable and granted residency.
National Leader Simon Bridges has renewed his call for the Prime Minister to sack Lees-Galloway over the “careless decision” after Lees-Galloway claimed he carefully considered all the relevant information.
He allowed a drug dealing gang associate to remain in New Zealand without reading all the information available to him, Bridges said.
“Either Lees-Galloway has misled the Prime Minister or she’s misled New Zealanders.
“The Prime Minister has defended that decision for the past two weeks, telling New Zealanders it was a ‘difficult decision’ but that she had been assured by Lees-Galloway he had given it ‘careful consideration’.
“We now know he hadn’t.”
An hour was not careful consideration of what was a dangerous decision and it was not acceptable due diligence from a senior Cabinet Minister, he said.
“Lees-Galloway’s credibility is now shot. The Prime Minister cannot expect the public to have confidence in any of his decisions given his careless approach to Sroubek’s residency.
“The Prime Minister now has no choice but to sack Lees-Galloway from Cabinet immediately.”
Woodhouse said Lees-Galloway had arrogantly refused to reveal the evidence upon which he made his decision, saying it was not in the public interest.
“He insisted it was a complicated decision not taken lightly.
“The Prime Minister even went as far as saying Lees-Galloway ‘shared with me the careful consideration that he gave this case… it was clearly a very difficult decision’. Only clearly it wasn’t,” Woodhouse said.
The evidence was now overwhelming that Lees-Galloway didn’t do his job, he said.
“It is now clear he made that call without asking questions and without proper consideration of the facts or the track record of the convicted criminal he was allowing to stay. Sroubek needs to go and Lees-Galloway does too.” . .
To have read all the relevant information and made that decision indicates gross incompetence or something conspiracy theorists would delight in.
If we are going to teach the world to stop hating the different, the other, then we’re going to have to start with children. – Mary Travers who was born on this day in 1936.
694 – Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accused Jews of aiding Muslims, sentencing all Jews to slavery.
1282 – Pope Martin IV excommunicated King Peter III of Aragon.
1313 – Louis the Bavarian defeated his cousin Frederick I of Austria at theBattle of Gamelsdorf.
1330 – Battle of Posada, Wallachian Voievode Basarab I defeated the Hungarian army in an ambush.
1456 – Ulrich II of Celje last prince of Celje principality, was assassinated in Belgrade.
1492 – Peace of Etaples between Henry VII and Charles VIII.
1494 – The Family de’ Medici were expelled from Florence.
1620 – Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sighted land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
1688 – The Glorious Revolution: William of Orange captured Exeter.
1720 – The synagogue of Yehudah he-Hasid was burned down by Arab creditors, leading to the expulsion of the Ashkenazim from Jerusalem.
1729 – Spain, France and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Seville.
1764 – Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, was turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet.
1769 – Captain Cook and astronomer Charles Green observed the transit of Mercury at Te Whanganui-a-hei (Mercury Bay) on the Coromandel Peninsula.
1791 – Foundation of the Dublin Society of United Irishmen.
1799 – Napoleon Bonaparte led the Coup d’état of 18 Brumaire ending the Directory government, and becoming one of its three Consuls (Consulate Government).
1841 King Edward VII was born (d. 1910).
1851 – Kentucky marshals abducted abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbankfrom Jeffersonville, Indiana, and took him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
1857 – The Atlantic was founded in Boston.
1862 – American Civil War: Union General Ambrose Burnside assumed command of the Army of the Potomac, after George B. McClellan was removed.
1868 Marie Dressler, Canadian actress, was born (d 1934) .
1872 – The Great Boston Fire of 1872.
1887 – The United States received rights to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
1902 Anthony Asquith, British film director, was born (d 1968).
1906 – Theodore Roosevelt was the first sitting USA president to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
1907 – The Cullinan Diamond was presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.
1913 – The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes, destroyed 19 ships and killed more than 250 people.
1914 – SMS Emden was sunk by HMAS Sydney in the Battle of Cocos.
1917 – Joseph Stalin entered the provisional government of Bolshevik Russia.
1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicated after the German Revolution, and Germany was proclaimed a Republic.
1918 Spiro Agnew, 39th Vice President of the United States, was born (d1996).
1920 The Immigration Restriction Amendment Act 1920 made it necessary for immigrants to apply for a permanent residence permit before they arrived in New Zealand, which in effect introduced a white New Zealand policy.
1921 – Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work with the photoelectric effect.
1923 – In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crushed theBeer Hall Putsch in Bavaria.
1936 – Mary Travers, singer, (Peter, Paul & Mary), was born (d 2009).
1937 – Roger McGough, English poet, was born.
1937 – Japanese troops took control of Shanghai.
1938 – Nazi German diplomat Ernst vom Rath died from the fatal gunshot wounds of Jewish resistance fighter Herschel Grynszpan, an act which the Nazis used as an excuse to instigate the 1938 national pogrom, Kristallnacht.
1953 – Cambodia gained independence from France.
1955 – Karen Dotrice, British actress, was born.
1960 – Robert McNamara was named president of Ford Motor Co., the first non-Ford to serve in that post.
1963 – At Miike coal mine, Japan, an explosion killed 458, and hospitalised 839 with carbon monoxide poisoning.
1963 – A three-train disaster in Yokohama, killed more than 160 people.
1965 – Several U.S. states and parts of Canada were hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout of 1965.
1967 – First issue of Rolling Stone Magazine was published.
1970 – Vietnam War: The Supreme Court of the United States voted 6 to 3 against hearing a case to allow Massachusetts to enforce its law granting residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.
1979 – Nuclear false alarm: the NORAD computers and the Alternate National Military Command Center in Fort Ritchie, Maryland detected purported massive Soviet nuclear strike. After reviewing the raw data from satellites and checking the early warning radars, the alert is cancelled.
1989 – Fall of the Berlin Wall. Communist-controlled East Germany opened checkpoints in the Berlin Wall allowing its citizens to travel to West Germany.
1990 – New democratic constitution was issued in Nepal.
1993 – Stari most, the “old bridge” in Bosnian Mostar built in 1566, collapsed after several days of bombing.
1994 – The chemical element Darmstadtium was discovered.
1998 – Brokerage houses were ordered to pay $US1.03 billion to cheated NASDAQ investors to compensate for their price-fixing. This is the largest civil settlement in United States history.
1998 – Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, already abolished for murder, was completely abolished for all remaining capital offences.
2005 – The Venus Express mission of the European Space Agency was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
2005 – Suicide bombers attacked three hotels in Amman, Jordan, killing at least 60 people.
2007 – The German Bundestag passed the controversial data retention bill mandating storage of citizens’ telecommunications traffic data for six months without probable cause.
2012 – A train carrying liquid fuel crashed and burst into flames in northern Burma, killing 27 people and injuring 80 others.
2012 – At least 27 people were killed and dozens wounded in conflictsbetween inmates and guards at Welikada prison in Colombo.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia