69 – Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeated the forces of Emperor Vitellius.
1147 After a siege of 4 months crusader knights led by Afonso Henriques, reconquered Lisbon.
1260 The Cathedral of Chartres was dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France.
1260 Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, was assassinated byBaibars, who seized power for himself.
1360 The Treaty of Brétigny was ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
1648 The Peace of Westphalia was signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years’ War.
1795 Partitions of Poland: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was completely divided among Austria, Prussia, and Russia.
1812 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets.
1830 – Marianne North, English naturalist and flower painter was born (d. 1890).
1838 – Annie Edson Taylor, American adventuress was born (d. 1921).
1840 – Eliza Pollock, American archer (d. 1919).
1857 Sheffield F.C., the world’s first football club, was founded.
1861 The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States was completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express.
1882 Dame Sybil Thorndike, British actress, was born (d. 1976).
1885 – Alice Perry, Irish engineer and poet, was born (d. 1969).
1892 Goodison Park, the world’s first association football specific stadium was opened.
1911 Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in aWright Glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina.
1912 First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo concluded with the Serbian victory.
1913 Violent clashes between unionised waterside workers and non-union labour erupted two days after Wellington watersiders held a stopwork meeting in support of a small group of striking shipwrights.
1917 Battle of Caporetto; Italy was defeated by the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany. (Also called Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo).
1917 The day of the October revolution, The Red Revolution.
1919 South Island explorer Donald Sutherland died.
1926 Harry Houdini‘s last performance.
1929 ”Black Thursday” stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.
1930 A bloodless coup d’état in Brazil ousted Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Dornelles Vargaswas then installed as “provisional president.”
1931 The George Washington Bridge opened to traffic.
1932 – Stephen Covey, American author and educator (d. 2012).
1936 Bill Wyman, English musician (The Rolling Stones), was born.
1940 – Martin Campbell, New Zealand director and producer, was born.
1944 The Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku, and the battleship Musashi were sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
1945 Founding of the United Nations.
1946 A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket took the first photograph of earth from outer space.
1947 Walt Disney testified to the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believes to be communists.
1949 – Keith Rowley, Trinidadian volcanologist and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, was born.
1954 – Malcolm Turnbull, Australian journalist and politician, 29th Prime Minister of Australia, was born.
1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower pledged United States support to South Vietnam.
1957 The USAF started the X-20 Dyna-Soar programme.
1960 Nedelin catastrophe: An R-16 ballistic missile exploded on the launch pad at the Soviet Union’s Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100.
1964 Northern Rhodesia gained independence and became the Republic of Zambia.
1969 – Emma Donoghue, Irish-Canadian author, was born.
1973 Jeff Wilson, New Zealand rugby player and cricketer, was born.
1973 Yom Kippur War ended.
1980 Government of Poland legalised Solidarity trade union.
1986 Nezar Hindawi was sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow.
1990 Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti revealed to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian “stay-behind” clandestine paramilitary NATO army.
1998 Launch of Deep Space 1 comet/asteroid mission.
2002 Police arrested spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, DC.
2003 Concorde made its last commercial flight.
2005 Hurricane Wilma made landfall in Florida resulting in 35 direct 26 indirect fatalities and causing $20.6B USD in damage.
2006 Justice Rutherford of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice struck down the “motive clause”, an important part of the Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act.
2008 ”Bloody Friday“: many of the world’s stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
2009 First International Day of Climate Action, organised with 350.org, a global campaign to address a claimed global warming crisis.
2014 – The China National Space Administration launched an experimental lunar mission, Chang’e 5-T1, which looped behind the Moon and returned to Earth.
2015 – A driver, arrested on suspicion of driving under the influence (DUI), crashed into the Oklahoma State Homecoming parade in Stillwater, Oklahoma, killing four people and injuring 34.
Sourced from NZ History Online, Te Ara Encyclopedia of NZ, & Wikipedia.