551 BC: Confucius, the Chinese philosopher was born (d. 479 BC).
48 BC Pompey the Great was assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt.
351 Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius.
365 Roman usurper Procopius bribed two legions passing by Constantinople, and proclaims himself Roman emperor.
935 Saint Wenceslas was murdered by his brother, Boleslaus I of Bohemia.
995 Members of Slavník’s dynasty – Spytimír, Pobraslav, Pořej and Čáslav – were murdered by Boleslaus’s son, Boleslaus II the Pious.
1066 William the Conqueror invaded England: the Norman Conquest began.
1106 The Battle of Tinchebrai – Henry I of England defeated his brother, Robert Curthose.
1238 Muslim Valencia surrendered to the besieging King James I of Aragonthe Conqueror.
1322 Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeated Frederick I of Austria in theBattle of Mühldorf.
1448 Christian I was crowned king of Denmark.
1542 Navigator João Rodrigues Cabrilho of Portugal arrived at what is now San Diego, California.
1571 – Italian artist Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born (d. 1610).
1708 Peter the Great defeated the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya.
1779 American Revolution: Samuel Huntington was elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay.
1781 American forces backed by a French fleet began the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War
1787 The newly completed United States Constitution was voted on by the U.S. Congress to be sent to the state legislatures for approval.
1791 France became the first European country to emancipate its Jewish population.
1836 Thomas Crapper, English inventor, was born (d. 1910).
1844 Oscar I of Sweden-Norway was crowned king of Sweden.
1864 The International Workingmen’s Association was founded in London.
1868 Battle of Alcolea caused Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France.
1889 The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defined the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice.
1891 Club Atletico Peñarol was founded under the name of Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club.
1899 Premier R.J. (‘King Dick’) Seddon asked Parliament to approve an offer to the British government of a contingent of mounted rifles to fight in Transvaal.
1901 US television host Ed Sullivan was born (d. 1974).
1909 – Al Capp, American author and illustrator, was born (d. 1979).
1914 – Maria Franziska von Trapp, Austrian-American singer, was born (d. 2014).
1916 Peter Finch, English-born Australian actor,was born (d. 1977).
1928 The U.K. Parliament passed the Dangerous Drugs Act outlawingcannabis.
1928 Sir Alexander Fleming noticed a bacteria-killing mould growing in his laboratory, discovering what later became known as penicillin.
1934 French model and actress Brigtte Bardot was born.
1939 – Warsaw surrendered to Nazi Germany.
1944 Soviet Army troops liberated Klooga concentration camp in Estonia.
1946 English singer Helen Shapiro was born
1958 France ratified a new Constitution of France
1961 A military coup in Damascus effectively ended the United Arab Republic, the union between Egypt and Syria.
1962 The Paddington tram depot fire destroyed 65 trams in Brisbane.
1971 The British government passed the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971banning the medicinal use of cannabis.
1973 The ITT Building in New York City was bombed in protest at ITT’s alleged involvement in the September 11 coup d’état in Chile.
1975 The Spaghetti House siege, in which nine people were taken hostage, took place in London.
1987 The beginning of the Palestinian civil disobedience uprising, “The First Intifada” against the Israeli occupation.
1994 The car ferry MS Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea, killing 852 people.
1995 Bob Denard and a group of mercenaries took the islands of Comoros in a coup.
2000 Al-Aqsa Intifada: Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
2008 SpaceX launched the first ever private spacecraft, the Falcon 1into orbit.
2009 The military junta leading Guinea, headed by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara, sexually assaulted, killed and wounded protesters during a protest rally in the Stade du 28 Septembre.
2012 – Somali and African Union forces launched a coordinated assaulton the Somali port city of Kismayo to take back the city from al-Shabaab militants.
2012 – A Dornier Do 228 light aircraft crashed on the outskirts of the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, killing 19 people.
2014 – Hong Kong protests : Benny Tai announced that Occupy Central was launched as Hong Kong’s government headquarters was being occupied by thousands of protesters. Hong Kong police resorted to tear gas to disperse protesters but thousands remained.
2016 – The 2016 South Australian blackout – causing the entire state’s power to go out for up to 2-3 days in some areas.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.