1192 Minamoto Yoritomo became Seii Tai Shōgun and the de facto ruler of Japan.
1680 Pueblo Indians captured Santa Fe from Spanish during the Pueblo Revolt.
1689 The Battle of Dunkeld in Scotland.
1770 James Cook formally claimed eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales.
1772 King Gustav III completed his coup d’état by adopting a new Constitution, ending half a century of parliamentary rule in Sweden and installing himself as an enlightened despot.
1808 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeated French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot.
1810 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, was elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
1821 Jarvis Island was discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances.
1831 Nat Turner led black slaves and free blacks in a rebellion.
1863 Lawrence, Kansas was destroyed by Confederate guerrillas Quantrill’s Raiders in the Lawrence Massacre.
1872 – Aubrey Beardsley, English author and illustrator, was born (d. 1898).
1878 The American Bar Association was founded.
1886 – Ruth Manning-Sanders, Welsh-English author and poet, was born (d. 1988).
1888 The first successful adding machine in the United States was patented by William Seward Burroughs.
1904 William “Count” Basie, American bandleader, was born (d. 1984).
1911 Mona Lisa was stolen by a Louvre employee.
1915 – New Zealand troops attacked Hill 60 in the last offensive action fought by the New Zealanders during the Gallipoli campaign.
1918 The Second Battle of the Somme began.
1920 Christopher Robin Milne, inspiration for the Winnie-the-Pooh stories, was born (d. 1996).
1930 Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, was born (d. 2002).
1933 – Janet Baker, English soprano and educator, was born.
1938 – Kenny Rogers, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor, was born.
1942 Allied forces defeated an attack by Japanese Army soldiers in theBattle of the Tenaru.
1944 – Perry Christie, Bahamian politician, 3rd Prime Minister of the Bahamas, was born.
1944 Dumbarton Oaks Conference, prelude to the United Nations, began.
1945 Physicist Harry K. Daghlian, Jr. was fatally irradiated during an experiment with the Demon core at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
1952 Glenn Hughes, British bassist and vocalist (Finders Keepers/Trapeze/Deep Purple), was born.
1952 – Bernadette Porter, English nun and educator, was born.
1952 Joe Strummer, British musician and singer (The Clash), was born (d. 2002).
1958 Auckland became the first city in New Zealand to introduce the ‘Barnes Dance’ street-crossing system, which stopped all traffic and allowed pedestrians to cross intersections in every direction at the same time.
1959 President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union – now commemorated by Hawaii Admission Day.
1963 Xa Loi Pagoda raids: the Army of the Republic of Vietnam Special Forces vandalised Buddhist pagodas across the country, arresting thousands and leaving an estimated hundreds dead.
1968 Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia, crushing the Prague Spring and Nicolae Ceauşescu, leader of Communist Romania, publicly condemned the Soviet maneuver, encouraging the Romanian population to arm itself against possible Soviet reprisals.
1968 James Anderson, Jr. posthumously received the first Medal of Honor to be awarded to an African American U.S. Marine.
1969 Michael Dennis Rohan, an Australian, set the Al-Aqsa Mosque on fire.
1971 A bomb exploded in the Liberal Party campaign rally in Plaza Miranda, Manila, with several anti-Marcos political candidates injured.
1976 Operation Paul Bunyan at Panmunjeom, Korea.
1983 Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. was assassinated at the Manila International Airport.
1986 Carbon dioxide gas erupted from volcanic Lake Nyos in Cameroon, killing up to 1,800 people within a 20-kilometer range.
1991 Latvia declared renewal of its full independence after the occupation of Soviet Union.
1991 Coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev collapsed.
1993 NASA lost contact with the Mars Observer spacecraft.
2001 – NATO decided to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
2001 – The Red Cross announced that a famine was striking Tajikistan, and called for international financial aid for Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
2007 Hurricane Dean made its first landfall in Costa Maya, Mexico with winds at 165 mph (266 km/h).
2013 – Hundreds of people were reported killed by chemical attacks in the Ghouta region of Syria.
2016 – The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro took place.
2017 – A solar eclipse traversed the continental United States.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia