1191 Saladin’s garrison surrendered to Conrad of Montferrat, ending the two-year siege of Acre.
1543 King Henry VIII married his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
1562 Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burned the sacred books of the Maya.
1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, was published.
1690 Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) – The armies of William III defeated those of the former James II.
1691 Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) – The decisive victory of William’s forces in Ireland.
1730 Josiah Wedgwood, English potter, was born (d. 1795).
1790 The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was passed in France by the National Constituent Assembly.
1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamiltondied after being shot in a duel.
1806 Sixteen German imperial states left the Holy Roman Empire and formed the Confederation of the Rhine.
1812 War of 1812: The United States invaded Canada at Windsor, Ontario.
1817 Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher, was bron (d. 1862).
1854 George Eastman, American inventor, was born (d. 1932).
1862 The Medal of Honor iwa authorised by the United States Congress.
1863 – Lieutenant-General Cameron’s force crossed the Mangatawhiri stream in the first act of war in the Waikato campaign,
1895 Buckminster Fuller, American architect, was born (d. 1983).
1895 Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist, was born (d. 1960).
1917 Andrew Wyeth, American artist, was born (d. 2009).
1917 The Bisbee Deportation – vigilantes kidnapped and deported nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
1918 The Japanese Imperial Navy battle ship Kawachi
blew up at Shunan, killing at least 621.
1920 The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty was signed. Soviet Russia recognized independent Lithuania.
1932 Hedley Verity established a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
1933 Donald E. Westlake, American author, was born (d. 2008).
1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka – German and Soviet forces engaged in largest tank engagement of all time.
1937 Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor, was born.
1943 Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter (Fleetwood Mac), was born.
1947 Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union footballer, was born.
1950 Eric Carr, American drummer (Kiss), was born (d. 1991).
1951 Cheryl Ladd, American actress, was born.
1960 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, was founded.
1961 Pune flooded due to failure of Khadakvasala and Panshet dams. Half of Pune was submerged. More than 100,000 families dislocated and death tally exceeded 2000.
1962 The Rolling Stones performed their first ever concert, at the Marquee Club in London.
1967 The Newark riots began in Newark, New Jersey.
1975 São Tomé and Príncipe declared independence from Portugal.
1978 – Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress,
1979 The island nation of Kiribati became independent from Great Britain.
1979 Disco Demolition Night at Comiskey Park Chicago.
1997 – Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani activist, Nobel Prize laureate, was born.
2001 – The first stage win by a New Zealander (Chris Jenner) in the Tour de France came in a team time trial.
2006 Hezbollah initiated Operation True Promise.
2007 – U.S. Army Apache helicopters performed airstrikes in Baghdad, Iraq; footage from the cockpit was later leaked to the Internet.
2012 – A tank truck explosion kills more than 100 people in Okobie, Nigeria.
2012 – The Turaymisah massacre – 250 people were killed during a Syrian military operation in a village within the Hama Governorate.
2013 – Six people were killed and 200 injured in a passenger train derailment in Brétigny-sur-Orge, France.
Sourced from Wikipedia & NZ History Online