371 BC – The Battle of Leuctra, Epaminondas defeated Cleombrotus I.
1044 The Battle of Ménfő.
1189 Richard I (Richard the Lionheart) was crowned King of England.
1253 Mindaugas was crowned King of Lithuania.
1348 Papal bull of Pope Clement VI protecting Jews during the Black Death.
1415 Jan Hus was burned at the stake.
1483 Richard III was crowned King of England.
1484 Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River.
1495 First Italian War: Battle of Fornovo: Charles VIII defeated the Holy League.
1535 Sir Thomas More was executed for treason against King Henry VIII.
1560 The Treaty of Edinburgh was signed by Scotland and England.
1573 Córdoba, Argentina, was founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.
1609 Bohemia was granted freedom of religion.
1630 Thirty-Years War: 4,000 Swedish troops under Gustavus Adolphuslanded in Pomerania, Germany.
1777 American Revolutionary War: Siege of Fort Ticonderoga: After a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, American forces retreated from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.
1781 Sir Stamford Raffles, British statesman, was born (d. 1826).
1785 The dollar was unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States.
1801 Battle of Algeciras: The French navy are defeated by the Royal Navy.
1809 The second day of the Battle of Wagram – French victory over the Austrian army in the largest battle yet of the Napoleonic Wars.
1854 The first convention of the United States Republican Party was held.
1885 Louis Pasteur successfully tested his vaccine against rabies onJoseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
1887 Annette Kellerman, Australian swimmer, was born (d. 1975).
1887 David Kalakaua, monarch of the Kingdom of Hawaii, was forced at gunpoint, at the hands of the Americans, to sign the Bayonet Constitution giving Americans more power in Hawaii while stripping Hawaiian citizens of their rights.
1892 Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.
1892 – 3,800 striking steelworkers engaged in a day-long battle with Pinkerton agents during the Homestead Strike, leaving 10 dead and dozens wounded.
1893 Pomeroy, Iowa, was nearly destroyed by a tornado that killed 71 people and injured 200.
1905 Alfred Deakin became Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
1907 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter, was born (d. 1954).
1907 George Stanley, Canadian politician and designer of Canada’s Flag, was born (d. 2002).
1911 – Georges Pompidou, French banker and politician, 19th President of France, was born (d. 1974).
1917 Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand running coach, was born (d. 2004)
1917 World War I: Arabian troops led by Lawrence of Arabia and Auda ibu Tayi captured Aqaba from the Turks during the Arab Revolt.
1918 Sebastian Cabot, English actor, was born (d. 1977).
1919 The British dirigible R34 landed in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.
1921 Nancy Reagan, First Lady of the United States, was born.
1923 An Auckland−Wellington express ploughed into a huge landslip that had slumped across the tracks at Ongarue, north of Taumarunui in the King Country. Seventeen people were killed and 28 injured.
1925 Bill Haley, American singer, was born (d. 1981).
1927 Janet Leigh, American actress, was born (d. 2004).
1933 The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game was played inChicago‘s Comiskey Park. The American League beat the National League, 4–2.
1936 Dave Allen, Irish comedian, was born (d. 2005).
1936 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal sent millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
1939 Holocaust: The last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany were closed.
1942 Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in the “Secret Annexe” above her father’s office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1944 The Hartford Circus Fire, one of America’s worst fire disasters, killed approximately 168 people and injured over 700.
1946 – Sylvester Stallone, American actor, was born.
1947 Richard Beckinsale, English actor, was born (d. 1979).
1947 The AK-47 went into production in the Soviet Union.
1951 Geoffrey Rush, Australian actor, was born.
1952 – Hilary Mantel, English author and critic, was born.
1957 Althea Gibson won the Wimbledon championships, becoming the first black athlete to do so.
1958 Jennifer Saunders, English actress,comediene and screenwriter, was born.
1962 Nuclear test shot Sedan, part of Operation Plowshare.
1964 Malawi declared its independence from the United Kingdom.
1966 Malawi becomes a republic, with Hastings Banda as the first President.
1967 Biafran War: Nigerian forces invade Biafra, beginning the war.
1975 The Comoros declared independence from France.
1978 Kevin Senio, New Zealand rugby player, was born.
1978 The Taunton sleeping car fire occurred in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people.
1986 Davis Phinney became the first American cyclist to win a road stage of the Tour de France.
1988 The Piper Alpha drilling platform in the North Sea was destroyed by explosions and fires. 167 oil workers were killed, making it the world’s worst offshore oil disaster.
1989 The Israeli 405 Bus slaughter -14 bus passengers were killed when an Arab assaulted the bus driver as the bus was driving by the edge of a cliff.
1998 Hong Kong’s Kai Tak Airport was closed and the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok becomes operational.
2003 The 70-metre Eupatoria Planetary Radar sent a METI messageCosmic Call 2 to 5 stars: Hip 4872, HD 245409, 55 Cancri, HD 10307 and 47 Ursae Majoris that will arrive to these stars in 2036, 2040, 2044 and 2049 respectively.
2006 The Nathula Pass between India and China, sealed during the Sino-Indian War, re-opened for trade after 44 years.
2009 Jadranka Kosor became the first female Prime minister of Croatia.
2013 – At least 42 people were killed in a shooting at a school in Yobe State, Nigeria.
2013 – A Boeing 777 operating as Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crashed at San Francisco International Airport, killing three and injuring 181 of the 307 people on board.
2013 – A 73-car oil train derailed in Lac-Mégantic, Quebec and exploded, killing at least 47 people and destroying more than 30 buildings in the town’s central area.
2016 – The Iraq Inquiry was published after seven years by Sir John Chilcot; it publicised the critique of Tony Blair and his decision to go ahead with the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia