879 Louis III became King of the Western Franks.
1407 The lama Deshin Shekpa visited the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing where he was awarded with the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma.
1500 Ludovico Sforza was captured by the Swiss troops at Novara and handed over to the French.
1710 The first law regulating copyright was issued in Great Britain.
1741 War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeated Austria in theBattle of Mollwitz.
1794 Matthew C. Perry, American commodore, was born (d. 1858).
1815 The Mount Tambora volcano begins its peak eruption period that lasted until July 15.
1816 The United States Government approved the creation of the Second Bank of the United States.
1821 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople was hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate and his body was thrown into the Bosphorus.
1826 The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year’s siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
1829 William Booth, English founder of the Salvation Army, was born (d. 1912).
1847 Joseph Pulitzer, American journalist and publisher, was born (d. 1911).
1858 The original Big Ben, a 14.5 tonne bell for the Palace of Westminster was cast in Stockton-on-Tees by Warner’s of Cripplegate. It cracked during testing and was recast into the 13.76 tonne bell by Whitechapel Bell Foundry and is still in use to date.
1864 Archduke Maximilian of Habsburg was elected emperor of Mexico.
1865 American Civil War: A day after his surrender to Union forces, Confederate General Robert E. Lee addressed his troops for the last time.
1866 The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals(ASPCA) wass founded in New York City by Henry Bergh.
1868 At Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeated an army of Emperor Theodore. While 700 Ethiopians were killed and many more injured, only two of the British/Indian troops died.
1874 The first Arbor Day was celebrated in Nebraska.
1912 The RMS Titanic left port in Southampton for her first and only voyage.
1916 The Professional Golfers Association of America (PGA) was created in New York City.
1919 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata was ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.
1925 The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald was first published in New York City, by Charles Scribner’s Sons.
1932 Omar Sharif, Egyptian actor, was born.
1933 New Deal: The Civilian Conservation Corps was created.
1941 Paul Theroux, American author, was born.
1947 Bunny Wailer, Jamaican musician, was born.
1953 Warner Brothers premiered the first 3-D film, entitled House of Wax.
1959 Akihito, future Emperor of Japan, married Michiko.
1963 – 129 people died when the submarine USS Thresher sank at sea.
1968 The ferry Wahine sank with the loss of 52 lives (plus a 53rd victim who died in 1990 from injuries sustained in the wreck), this was New Zealand’s worst modern maritime disaster..
1971 Ping Pong Diplomacy: In an attempt to thaw relations with the United States, the People’s Republic of China hosted the U.S. table tennis team for a weeklong visit.
1972 Oberdan Sallustro was executed by communist guerrillas 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires.
1973 – The NZ government postponed a Spingbok tour.
1975 – Matthew Phillips, New Zealand-Italian rugby player, was born.
1979 Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak: A tornado landed in Wichita Falls, Texas killing 42 people.
1987 Hayley Westenra, New Zealand soprano, was born.
1991 Italian ferry Moby Prince collided with an oil tanker in dense fog off Livorno, Italy killing 140.
1991 – A rare tropical storm developed in the Southern Hemisphere near Angola; the first to be documented by satellites.
1998 The Belfast Agreement was signed.
2016 – Paravur temple accident in which a devastating fire caused by explosion of firecrackers stored for Vishu, killed more than hundred people out of the thousands gathered for seventh day of Bhadrakali worship.\
2016 – 2016 Afghanistan earthquake, of 6.6 magnitude, 39 km west-southwest of Ashkasham, shook India, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Srinagar and Pakistan.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia