1401 Turko-Mongol emperor Timur sacked Damascus.
1603 James VI of Scotland also became James I King of England.
1731 Naturalization of Hieronimus de Salis Parliamentary Act was passed.
1765 The Britain passed the Quartering Act that required the Thirteen Colonies to house British troops.
1770 Kidnap victim, Ngati Kahu leader Ranginui, died on board the French ship Saint Jean Baptiste.
1820 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist, was born (d. 1915).
1832 In Hiram, Ohio a group of men beat, tarred and feathered Mormon leader Joseph Smith, Jr..
1834 William Morris, English writer and designer, was born (d. 1896).
1837 Canada gave African men the right to vote.
1878 HMS Eurydice sank, killing more than 300.
1882 Robert Koch announced the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (mycobacterium tuberculosis).
1900 New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck broke ground for a new underground “Rapid Transit Railroad” that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
1907 The first issue of the Georgian Bolshevik newspaper Dro was published.
1923 Greece became a republic.
1930 Steve McQueen, American actor, was born (d. 1980).
1934 U.S. Congress passed the Tydings-McDuffie Act allowing the Philippines to become a self-governing commonwealth.
1944 Ardeatine Massacre: German troops killed 335 Italian civilians in Rome.
1944 In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of Stalag Luft III.
1947 Christine Gregoire, 22nd governor of Washington, was born.
1949 Nick Lowe, British musician, was born.
1951 Tommy Hilfiger, American fashion designer, was born.
1959 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) was launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
1965 NASA spacecraft Ranger 9, equipped to convert its signals into a form suitable for showing on domestic television, brought images of the Moon into ordinary homes before crash landing.
1970 Sharon Corr, Irish musician (The Corrs), was born.
1972 The United Kingdom imposed “Direct Rule” over Northern Ireland.
1973 Kenyan track runner Kip Keino defeated Jim Ryun at the first-ever professional track meet in Los Angeles, California.
1976 Argentina’s military forces deposed president Isabel Perón and start the National Reorganization Process.
1976 A general strike took place in the People’s Republic of Congo
1980 Archbishop Óscar Romero was killed while celebrating Mass in San Salvador.
1986 The Loscoe gas explosion ledto new UK laws on landfill gas migration and gas protection on landfill sites.
1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill: In Prince William Sound in Alaska, the Exxon Valdez spilt 240,000 barrels (42,000 m³) of petroleum after running aground.
1990 Keisha Castle-Hughes, Australian/New Zealand actress, was born.
1998 Jonesboro massacre: two students, ages 11 and 13, fired upon teachers and students at Westside Middle School in Jonesboro, Arkansas; five people were killed and ten were wounded.
1998 A tornado swept through Dantan in India killing 250 people and injuring 3000 others.
1999 Kosovo War: NATO commenced air bombardment against Yugoslavia, marking the first time NATO has attacked a sovereign country.
1999 – Mont Blanc Tunnel Fire: 39 people died when a Belgian transport truck carrying flour and margarine caught fire in the Mont Blanc Tunnel.
2003 The Arab League voted 21-1 in favor of a resolution demanding the immediate and unconditional removal of US and British soldiers from Iraq.
2008 Bhutan officially became a democracy, with its first ever general election.
2014 – A train overran the buffers at Chicago O’Hare Airport station, injuring 32 people.
2015 – Germanwings Flight 9525 crashed in the French Alps in an apparent mass murder-suicide, killing all 150 people on board.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia