538 Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ended his siege of Rome leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
1622 Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, was canonized a saint by the Catholic Church.
1689 The Williamite war in Ireland began.
1821 Sir John Abbott, third Prime Minister of Canada, was born (d. 1893).
1831 Clement Studebaker, American automobile pioneer, was born (d. 1901).
1832 The Filippo Taglioni ballet La Sylphide received its première performance at the Paris Opéra.
1832 Charles Boycott, British land agent and source of the term to boycott, was born (d. 1897).
1864 Arthur’s Pass was “discovered”.
1868 Henry O’Farrell attempted to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
1869 – George Forbes, New Zealand lawyer and politician, 22nd Prime Minister of New Zealand was born (d. 1947).
1880 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction, was born (d. 1952).
1881 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, first President of Turkey was born (d. 1938).
1881 Andrew Watson made his Scotland debut as the world’s first black international football player and captain.
1894 Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time.
1908 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter, was born (d. 1970).
1910 – Masayoshi Ōhira, Japanese politician, 68th Prime Minister of Japan was born (d. 1980).
1912 The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) were founded in the United States.
1913 Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia was officially named Canberra.
1913 – Agathe von Trapp, Hungarian-American singer and author was born (d. 2010).
1918 Moscow became the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
1924 – Mary Lee Woods, English mathematician and computer programmer was born (d. 2017).
1928 The St. Francis Dam in California failed, killing over 600 people.
1930 Mahatma Gandhi led a 200-mile march, known as the Dandi March, to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt.
1932 Barbara Feldon, American actress and model, was born.
1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the nation for the first time as President of the United States in the first of his “fireside chats“.
1934 Konstantin Päts and General Johan Laidoner staged a coup in Estonia, and banned all political parties.
1938 Anschluss: German troops occupied Austria.
1940 Finland signed the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia.
1946 Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress, was born.
1947 The Truman Doctrine was proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.
1948 James Taylor, American musician, was born.
1957 Marlon Jackson, American singer and musician (The Jackson 5), was born.
1966 Suharto became President of Indonesia.
1968 Mauritius achieved independence.
1971 The March 12 Memorandum, was sent to the Demirel government of Turkey and the government resigned.
1975 – New Zealand Red Cross worker Malcolm ‘Mac’ Riding was killed in a plane crash in Vietnam.
1992 – Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
1993 Several bombs exploded in Mumbai killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more.
1993 North Korea said it planned to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refused to allow inspectors access to its nuclear sites.
1993 – The Blizzard of 1993 – Snow began to fall across the eastern portion of the US with tornadoes, thunder snow storms, high winds and record low temperatures.
1994 The Church of England ordained its first female priests.
2003 – Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, was assassinated in Belgrade.
2004 – A President of South Korea, Roh Moo-hyun, was impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation’s history.
2005 – Tung Chee Hwa, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, stepped down from his post after his resignation was approved by the Chinese central government.
2009 – Financier Bernard Madoff admitted to scamming $18 billion, the largest in Wall Street history.
2011 – A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melted and exploded and released radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan’s earthquake.
2014 – An explosion in the New York City neighbourhood of East Harlem killed 8 and injured 70 others.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia