303 – Galerius, Roman Emperor, published his edict that began the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire.
1387 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary was assassinated at Buda.
1538 Treaty of Nagyvarad between Ferdinand I and John Zápolya.
1582 Pope Gregory XIII announced the Gregorian calendar.
1607 – L’Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi, one of the first works recognised as an opera, premiered.
1711 The London première of Rinaldo by George Frideric Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage.
1739 Battle of Karnal: The army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeated the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah.
1786 Wilhelm Grimm, German philologist and folklorist, was born (d. 1859).
1803 The Supreme Court of the United States, in Marbury v. Madison, established the principle of judicial review.
1804 London‘s Drury Lane Theatre burnt to the ground, leaving ownerRichard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.
1822 The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad, was inaugurated.
1826 The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marked the end of the First Burmese War.
1827 – Lydia Becker, English-French activist, was born (d. 1890).
1831 The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, was proclaimed. The Choctawsin Mississippi ceded land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.
1835 – Julius Vogel, English-New Zealand journalist and politician, 8th Prime Minister of New Zealand, was born(d. 1899).
1837 – Rosalía de Castro, Spanish poet, was born (d. 1885).
1839 William Otis received a patent for the steam shovel.
1848 King Louis-Philippe of France abdicated.
1868 The first parade to have floats was staged at Mardi Gras in New Orleans.
1868 – Andrew Johnson became the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives.
1870 – The final detachment of the 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment departed from New Zealand, leaving the Armed Constabulary (formed in 1867) responsible for the colony’s internal defence.
1875 The SS Gothenburg hit the Great Barrier Reef and sank off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100.
1877 Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist, was born (d. 1936).
1893 The American University was chartered by an act of the Congress.
1895 Revolution broke out in Baire beginning the second war for Cubanindependence.
1899 Western Washington University was established.
1902 The Battle of Langverwacht Hill ended.
1909 – The Hudson Motor Car Company was founded.
1912: The hull of TSS Earnslaw was launched in Kingston.
1917 The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom was given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledged to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
1918 – Estonian Declaration of Independence.
1920 The Nazi Party was founded.
1934 – Bettino Craxi, Italian lawyer and politician, 45th Prime Minister of Italy, was born (d. 2000).
1942 Battle of Los Angeles: a UFO flying over Los Angeles caused a blackout order at 2:25 a.m. and attracted a barrage of anti-aircraft fire, ultimately killing 3 civilians.
1942 Paul Jones, English singer (Manfred Mann), was born.
1944 – Ivica Račan, Croatian lawyer and politician, 7th Prime Minister of Croatia, was born (d. 2007).
1945 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha was killed in Parliament.
1948 Dennis Waterman, British actor, was born.
1951 – Laimdota Straujuma, Latvian economist and politician, 12th Prime Minister of Latvia was born.
1955 – Alain Prost, French race car driver, was born.
1968 The Tet Offensive was halted; South Vietnam recaptured Hué.
1970 National Public Radio was founded in the United States.
1976 Cuba’s national Constitution proclaimed.
1981 Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer.
1981 – The Ms Gulf of Corinth earthquake registering 6.7 on the Richter scale hit Athens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.
1989 – Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini offered a USD $3 million bounty for the death of The Satanic Verses’ author Salman Rushdie.
1989 – United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, Hawaii, ripped open during flight, sucking 9 passengers out of the business-class section.
1999 – A China Southern Airlines Tupolev TU-154 airliner crashed on approach to Wenzhou airport killing 61.
2006 Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo declared Proclamation 1017 placing the country in a state of emergency in attempt to subdue a possible military coup.
2007 Japan launched its fourth spy satellite.
2008 Fidel Castro retired as the President of Cuba.
2010 – Sachin Tendulkar scored the first double century in One Day International cricket.
2011 – Final Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103).
2013 – Patriarch Neofit of Bulgaria was elected and enthroned as a Patriarch of Bulgaria and all Bulgarians.
2015 – A Metrolink train derailed in Oxnard, California, following a collision with a truck, leaves more than 30 injured.
2016 – Tara Air Flight 193, a de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft, crashed, with 23 fatalities, in Solighopte, Myagdi District, Dhaulagiri Zone, while en route from Pokhara Airport to Jomsom Airport.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia, the ODT and Te Ara Encyclopedia of NZ.