41 Gaius Caesar (Caligula), known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, was assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. Claudius succeeded his nephew.
76 – Hadrian, Roman Emperor, was born (d. 138).
1670 William Congreve, English playwright, was born (d. 1729).
1679 – King Charles II disbanded Parliament.
1742 – Charles VII Albert became Holy Roman Emperor.
1848 – California Gold Rush: James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento.
1857 The University of Calcutta was formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
1859 Political union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected as ruler.
1862 Bucharest proclaimed capital of Romania.
1862 – Edith Wharton, American author and poet, was born (d. 1937).
1864 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader, was born (d. 1936).
1865 General Cameron left Wanganui with 1200 Imperial troops to invadesouthern Taranaki.
1872 Ethel Turner, Australian author, was born (d. 1958).
1916 – In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the federal income tax constitutional.
1920 – Doris Haddock, American political activist, was born (d. 2010).
1924 –Petrograd, formerly Saint Petersburg, was renamed Leningrad.
1928 Desmond Morris, British anthropologist, was born.
1930 – Bernard Matthews, British poultry industry figure , was born (d. 2010).
1941 Neil Diamond, American singer, was born.
1952 Vincent Massey was sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.
1957 Adrian Edmondson, English comedian, was born.
1961 – 1961 Goldsboro B-52 crash: A bomber carrying two H-bombs broke up in mid-air over North Carolina. One weapon nearly detonated.
1972 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi was found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
1977 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid, during the Spanish transition to democracy.
1978 Soviet satellite Cosmos 954, with a nuclear reactor on board, burnt up in Earth’s atmosphere, scattering radioactive debris over Canada’s Northwest Territories.
1980 – The ambassador of the Soviet Union, Vsevolod Sofinsky, was ordered to leave New Zealand for giving money to the pro-Soviet Socialist Unity Party.
1984 The first Apple Macintosh went on sale.
1986 Voyager 2 passed within 81,500 km (50,680 miles) of Uranus.
2003 The United States Department of Homeland Security officially began operation.
2009 – The storm Klaus made landfall near Bordeaux. It subsequently caused 26 deaths as well as extensive disruptions to public transport and power supplies.
2011 – At least 35 died and 180 injured in a bombing at Moscow’s Domodedovo airport.
2014 – Three bombs exploded in the Egyptian capital, Cairo, killing about 7 people and injuring over 100 others.
2014 – The Philippines and the Bangsamoro agreed to a peace deal that would help end the 45-year conflict.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.