Frit – the mixture of silica and fluxes which is fused at high temperature to make glass; the calcined or partly fused materials of which glass is made; any complex glasses used ground especially to introduce soluble or unstable ingredients into glazes or enamels; make into frit.
You’re invited to pose the questions.
Anyone who stumps everyone will win a virtual bunch of daffodils.
The Berry family’s journey from farming to specialty cheese began in 1987.
Such a leap was triggered by a huge upheaval in our rural communities. In 1984 all farming subsidies were removed, product prices halved and interest rates ballooned to 23-24%.
When Rob Muldoon was voted out Roger Douglas and Labour inherited a broken economy. ‘Rogernomics’ and the ‘free economy’ were born, which crippled our rural communities resulting in many farmers leaving the land and numerous farmer suicides.
In our case, North Otago had the added challenge of crippling droughts. We had a pretty large farming operation, which included a high country run and two down land properties. I decided the former could stay as it was, while the down country farms would be used for cropping and stock trading. . .
A very good move – Pam Tipa:
Any initiative that helps train health professionals ready and willing to work in rural communities is good, says Michelle Thompson, chief executive of Rural Health Alliance Aotearoa New Zealand (RHAANZ).
The Government announced last week a plan to establish a school of rural medicine within the next three years to train doctors for rural and regional areas.
Two proposals are now before the Government: one from the University of Waikato and the Waikato DHB, the other a joint proposal by the Otago and Auckland medical schools. . .
As the traveller turns off State Highway 2 at Oringi, south of Dannevirke, the cellphone coverage hovers around three or four bars. Further down the road they start to disappear and have gone completely 10 minutes later when the Manawatu River bridge is crossed and the road winds towards Kumeroa.
This isn’t unusual for thousands of rural roads around the country. Farmers all over New Zealand put up with landlines reminiscent of the 1980s and satellite broadband costing a small fortune. . .
Becoming Kiwi: A Filipino with a passion for farming – Deena Coster:
For Joseph Domingo, Taranaki has given him the chance to live his dream.
Born and raised in the Philippines, Domingo made the difficult decision to leave his homeland shortly after he completed his tertiary education in animal science.
It was a choice driven by economics and a desire for seek out new opportunities.
Domingo said competition for jobs in the Philippines is fierce and a university education doesn’t guarantee work in a country with a population of 103 million people. Only about 60 per cent of tertiary educated people get work there, he said.
“The best opportunity for me and my family was to move overseas.” . .
‘Justifiable milk price increase must be passed back to farmers’ – Sylvester Phelan:
Yesterday’s GDT (Global Dairy Trade) auction has again demonstrated the continuing strength of butterfat prices, with the butter price up 3.8% and AMF (Anhydrous Milk Fat) up 3.6%, according to the IFA’s (Irish Farmers’ Association’s) National Dairy Committee Chairman, Sean O’Leary.
Taken together with continued strong European market return trends, it is clear that a price increase on August milk of at least 1c/L is fully justified, the chairman stated. . .
Just to be a finalist was an absolute thrill for Gary and Adrienne Dalton and the Te Whangai Trust in this year’s Auckland Ballance Farm Environment Awards.
Winning the region’s Hill Laboratories Harvest Award made it even sweeter, Gary says. . .
Why my husband is head of the family – Louise Giltrap:
After being called sexist, Louise Giltrap feels the need to explain what she really feels about her husband’s place in the family.
My last column about how women cope with stress struck a chord with a lot of people. Rural women out on the farm everyday especially identified with it.
Men read it and said it was like having a penny drop for them. Their wives had been telling them, but all of a sudden it made sense.
The bit some people got up in my grille about was what I said to the men out there, “You are the heads of our families.”
That’s just my opinion. Even though I’m headstrong and opinionated and have my roles within our agribusiness, Geoff is the head of our family. . .
National is pledging to do more to help young beneficiaries into work:
National will help more young people become drug free, move off the benefit and get a job to help ensure they reach their potential.
“Most of our young people are doing incredibly well. There are more job opportunities and more support than ever in our country, as a result of our strong economic growth,” Social Development Spokesperson Anne Tolley says.
“But some young people on a benefit need more support. National is committed to helping them into work to ensure they can stand on their own two feet.”
National will invest $72 million over the next four years to support beneficiaries under 25 years of age by:
- Guaranteeing work experience or training for those who have been on a jobseekers benefit for six months or longer, and financial management training to help them develop financial responsibility
- Providing rehabilitation services if drug use is identified as a barrier to employment
- Ensuring all young people under 25 who are on a job seekers benefit receive intensive one-on-one case management to get a job.
“Only 10 per cent of young people who go on a jobseekers benefit stay for more than six months – but for those that do, their average time on benefit is almost 10 years,” Mrs Tolley says. “We want to invest early, and give them one on one support so they can develop the skills they need to move into the workforce.
“We will guarantee them access to work experience or training courses designed specifically to get them ready for work.
“In addition, one in five beneficiaries tell us that drug use is a barrier to them getting a job – so we are increasing the support we give them to kick drug use and get work ready.”
People who go from school to a benefit are less likely to be work-ready and more likely to stay benefit-dependent for longer.
Putting this money and effort into helping them become employable will pay dividends for them, potential employers and the country.
National will also place obligations on those who do not take up the significant opportunities available in New Zealand to start work or training.
Job seekers without children who refuse work experience or training or recreational drug rehabilitation will lose 50 per cent of their benefit entitlement after four weeks of not meeting their obligations, with further reductions if that continues. This will also apply to those who continue to fail recreational drug tests, where these are requested by prospective employers.
The lower benefit payments will only be able to be used for essential needs such as rent and food – like we currently do with our Money Management programme for 16 to 19 year olds.
“This significant extra support we are announcing today will come with obligations and personal responsibilities, so those who won’t take the opportunities available to them will lose all or part of their benefit until they take steps to turn their lives around.
“We know benefit sanctions are an effective tool to help people into work, as 95 per cent of people who receive a formal warning meet their obligations within four weeks.”
Any benefit reductions will be made at the discretion of WINZ staff, to take account of individual circumstances. And once individuals decide to meet their obligations, benefits will be reinstated.
“New Zealanders are creating real opportunities for themselves and for New Zealand, through hard work and a commitment to doing better. National supports those efforts and is focused on helping all New Zealanders get ahead, even our most vulnerable,” Mrs Tolley says.
National will roll out the changes from 1 July next year.
People who work have the right to get paid and the responsibility to earn their pay.
People who don’t have jobs in New Zealand have the right to receive a benefit and with that goes some responsibilities which include being work ready.
For some people that isn’t difficult. Others need a little help and some need a lot.
This policy recognises that and is putting human and financial resources into ensuring those who need help get it and those who refuse it should face consequences.
It recognises that the best assistance for beneficiaries who could work is to help them get jobs and independence.
It is an investment that will pay financial and social dividends for young people and the country.
Do not tell secrets to those whose faith and silence you have not already tested. – Elizabeth I who was born on this day in 1533.
1191 Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf – Richard I of England defeated Saladin at Arsuf.
1524 Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian, was born (d. 1583).
1533 Queen Elizabeth I, was born (d. 1603).
1652 Around 15,000 Han farmers and militia rebelled against Dutch rule on Taiwan.
1812 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino – Napoleon defeated the Russian army of Alexander I near the village of Borodino.
1818 Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway.
1819 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States, was born (d. 1885).
1822 Dom Pedro I declared Brazil independent from Portugal.
1860 Grandma Moses, American painter, ws born (d. 1961).
1860 Steamship Lady Elgin sank on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 400 lives.
1862 Sir Edgar Speyer, American-born British financier and philanthropist, was born (d. 1932).
1867 J. P. Morgan, Jr., American banker and philanthropist, was born (d. 1943).
1868 Prussian soldier of fortune Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky was killed during the assault on Titokowaru’s pa in south Taranaki.
1876 – C. J. Dennis, Australian poet and author, was born (d. 1938).
1887 Edith Sitwell, British poet and critic, was born (d. 1964).
1893 The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become the first Italian football club, was established by British expats.
1895 The first game of what would become known as rugby league was played, in England, starting the 1895-96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
1901 The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ended with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
1903 – Margaret Landon, American missionary and author, was born (d. 1993)
1903 – Dorothy Marie Donnelly, American poet and author, was born (d. 1994)
1906 Alberto Santos-Dumont flew his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
1907 Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania set sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
1909 – New Zealand’s heaviest gold nugget was found by Messrs Scott and Sharpe at Ross on the West Coast.
1909 Eugene Lefebvre (1878–1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashed at Juvisy France. He died, becoming the first ‘pilot’ in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
1913 Anthony Quayle, British actor and director, was born (d. 1989).
1917 – Ewen Solon, New Zealand-English actor, was born (d. 1985).
1920 Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crashed in the Swiss Alps en-route to Finland where killing both crews.
1921 – The NZ Maori team played the Springboks for the first time.
1921 The first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, was held.
1922 Independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
1925 Laura Ashley, British designer, was born (d. 1985).
1927 Eric Hill, British children’s author, was born (d. 2014).
1927 The first fully electronic television system was achieved by Philo Taylor Farnsworth.
1929 Steamer Kuru capsized and sank on Lake Näsijärvi, Finland with 136 lives lost.
1932 – Malcolm Bradbury, English author and academic, was born (d. 2000).
1932 – John Paul Getty, Jr., American-English philanthropist and book collector, was born (d. 2003)
1936 Buddy Holly, American singer (The Crickets), was born (d. 1959).
1940 The Blitz – Nazi Germany began to rain bombs on London, the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing.
1940 Treaty of Craiova: Romania lost Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
1942 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
1942 First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
1943 A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, killed 55 people.
1945 Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrendered to U.S. Marines.
1949 Gloria Gaynor, American singer, was born.
1951 Chrissie Hynde, American guitarist and singer (The Pretenders), was born.
1953 – Marc Hunter, New Zealand singer-songwriter, was born (d. 1998).
1953 Nikita Khrushchev was elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1957 Jermaine Stewart, American pop singer (Shalamar and Culture Club), was born (d. 1997).
1970 – Bill Shoemaker set record for most lifetime wins as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
1977 The Torrijos-Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal were signed.
1978 While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London BulgariandissidentGeorgi Markov was assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from in a specially-designed umbrella.
1979 The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, ESPN, made its debut.
1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asked the United States government for USD $1.5 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
1986 Desmond Tutu became the first black man to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa.
1986 Gen. Augusto Pinochet, president of Chile, escaped attempted assassination.
1999 A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocked Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
2004 Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hit Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
2005 First presidential election was held in Egypt.
2010 – A Chinese fishing trawler collided with two Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats in disputed waters near the islands. The collisions occurred around 10am, after the Japanese Coast Guard ordered the trawler to leave the area. After the collisions, Japanese sailors boarded the Chinese vessel and arrested the captain, Zhan Qixiong.
2011 – A plane crash in Russia killed 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
2012 – Canada officially cut diplomatic ties with Iran by closing its embassy in Tehran and ordered the expulsion of Iranian diplomats from Ottawa, over support for Syria, nuclear plans and alleged rights abuses.
2013 – The Liberal Party of Australia led by Tony Abbott won the Australian federal election, 2013.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia