Scumber – the dung, particularly that of a bear, dog or fox; to defecate; to void excrement.
WHEN it came to work ethic, it would be hard to look past legendary North Otago market gardener Reggie Joe.
For more than 45 years, Joe’s Vegie Stall on State Highway 1 at Alma has been a landmark. From humble beginnings as a small roadside stall with an honesty tin, the business expanded to a busy operation, attracting a loyal following of customers.
His wife Suzie acknowledged it was his garden and customers that Mr Joe put first, followed by his family for whom he did it all.
His ambition in life was simple; to create a better future for his four children. Having known hardship firsthand, he was determined they would receive a good education.
Mr Joe died peacefully, surrounded by his family, in Dunedin Hospital on June 8, aged 82. . .
INSIGHTS ABOUT THE NEWS – The divide between regional and urban politics is being thrown into ever sharpening contrast as the election campaign unfolds. Agricultural industries and rural communities feel under siege in the looming election.
As reported in Trans Tasman’s sister publication The Main Report Farming Alert, weeks ago the chances of a Labour-led government seemed unlikely, but now the chance of this happening seems possible with policies which could prove ruinous for NZ’s main export industries.
Labour will tax users of water, including farmers (but not those companies using municipal supplies). Both the Greens and Labour are committed to bringing agriculture into the emissions trading scheme and say the carbon price should be higher. They have not stated how high they want animal emissions to be taxed. . .
Farming leaders pledge to make all rivers swimmable – Gerard Hutching:
Farming leaders representing 80 per cent of the industry have pledged to make all New Zealand rivers swimmable, although they don’t say how or by when.
Confessing that not all rivers were in the condition they wanted them to be, and that farming had not always got it right, the group said the vow was “simply the right thing to do”.
Launching the pledge by the banks of the Ngaruroro River in Hawke’s Bay, spokeswoman for the group and Federated Farmers president Katie Milne said the intent behind the commitment was clear. . .
Agricultural leaders have, for the first time ever in New Zealand, come together to send a strong message to the public.
We are committed to New Zealand’s rivers being swimmable for our children and grandchildren.
DairyNZ chair, Michael Spaans, says “this is a clear message from New Zealand’s farming leaders that we want our rivers to be in a better state than they are now, and agriculture needs to help get them there.
“I have joined my fellow leaders to stand up and say that I want my grandchildren, and one day my great grandchildren, to be able to swim in the same rivers that I did growing up. . .
A new pledge by farming leaders to improve the swimmability of New Zealand’s rivers has been welcomed by Primary Industries Minister Nathan Guy and Environment Minister Dr Nick Smith.
“This pledge from farming leaders shows the real commitment farmers have to tackling these long term issues,” says Mr Guy.
“Farmers are closer to the land to the land than nearly anyone else, and they care deeply about leaving a good legacy for their children. . .
Hundreds expected for launch – Sally Rae:
When a book on the history of the Wilden settlement is launched this month, it will also serve as a reunion.
Wilden — The Story of a West Otago Farming Community — has been written by Dunedin man Dr David Keen.
The driving forces behind the project were retired Wilden farmer Bill Gibson, now living in Mosgiel, and Neil Robinson, from Wanaka.
In the late 1860s, the discovery of gold at Switzers, now Waikaia, further sparked West Otago’s development. . .
Keen advocate of the tri-use sheep – Sally Rae:
Growing up on a sheep and beef farm in Invercargill, Lucy Griffiths and her siblings were not allowed to leave home without a woollen garment.
The many benefits of wool were drummed into them from an early age, not only as a fibre to wear but also as one to walk on and use in innovative ways.
But somewhere since then, strong wool had “lost its gloss”, and Mrs Griffiths wants to play her part in re-educating consumers about those benefits.
She is one of three new appointments to the board of Wools of New Zealand, a position she felt was a “big mantle of responsibility”. . .
Dispath from NZ no. 3 conflict, collaboration and consensus – Jonathan Baker:
New Zealanders are generally though of as pretty relaxed; but having spent ten days here it’s clear that the current debate around farming is anything but. From the Beehive (NZ’s parliament) to the kitchen tables of farmers, there is a very strong sense of tension. Most I talked to present farmers on one side and ‘townie’ environmental groups on another.
The main cause of the tension is the state of New Zealand’s water quality. This issue has jumped up the public agenda over the last 10 years and is now a pretty substantial issue in the upcoming election. Environmental groups, notably Greenpeace have done much to start this debate and the impact of their ‘dirty dairy’ campaign can even be felt in the UK. . .
My great-grandfather fed 19 people, my grandfather fed 26 people, my father feeds 155 people I will feed 155 and counting . . . embracing technology a family tradition.
Farming leaders have pledged to make rivers swimmable:
In a first for the country, farming leaders have pledged to work together to help make New Zealand’s rivers swimmable for future generations.
The Farming Leaders’ Pledge has been signed today by a group of New Zealand pastoral farming leaders, that represent over 80% per cent of that country’s farmed land, committing them to an ambitious goal of working to make New Zealand’s rivers swimmable for their children and grandchildren.
Group spokesperson, Federated Farmers President and West Coast dairy farmer Katie Milne says the intent behind the pledge is clear.
“Many of our rivers are not in the condition we all want them to be. We are doing this because we want our kids and their kids to be able to swim in the same rivers that we did as children. And by swim we mean swim. It’s as simple as that.
“We’re standing up and saying we haven’t always got this right. More work is required and we will play our part. While there has been progress on farm in the past 10 years, we know there is more to be done, and that it must be done fast, and together.
Clean rivers aren’t an abstract concept for farmers.
This is the water we drink and wash with every day, not something we might visit a very few times a year.
“Today isn’t about laying out the detail on the huge amount of work going on already on farms up and down the country and how these efforts will need to increase.
“It’s about us as farming leaders signalling our commitment to making New Zealand’s rivers swimmable and doing everything we can to achieve that.”
Ms Milne, says the group understands much of the work needed will be challenging for the farming sector.
Challenging yes, but a lot will build on work already being undertaken.
“We haven’t put a timeline on our commitment. Each community will need to decide that for themselves. This goal will be difficult to meet and we don’t have all the answers today on how it’s going to be achieved”, she says.
“We know that we have work to do. We know it will be challenging for farmers. We know the answers are complex and we don’t have them all now. This commitment is simply the right thing to do in playing our part to give back to future generations what we enjoyed as kids.”
The Farming Leaders Group is an informal grouping of New Zealand pastoral farming leaders that was established in May 2017 to work on issues of importance to the sector.
The current membership is Mike Petersen (Sheep & Beef Farmer), Michael Spaans (Dairy Farmer and Dairy NZ Chair), James Parsons (Sheep & Beef Farmer and Beef + Lamb NZ Chair), John Loughlin (Meat Industry Association Chair), Katie Milne (Dairy Farmer and Federated Farmers President), Bruce Wills (Sheep & Beef Farmer and Ravensdown Director), and John Wilson (Dairy Farmer and Fonterra Chair).
The improvements already made have been done by farmers who understand the importance of clean water, without the crude instrument of a water tax which Megan Hands describes as a kick in the guts for farmers:
There is no doubt that water management is top of mind for many of us this election, but none more so than our farmers and growers, particularly those with irrigation. It’s struck me that using the word farmer seems to irk many, as if it has some kind of negative connotation.
The reality is that New Zealand’s farmers collectively are a group of thousands of small, often family run businesses and their employees. Many are self-employed and punch well above their weight to compete on a global scale, often up against farmers from nations who receive significant subsidies from their governments to assist with their costs of production, top up their incomes or assist them to undertake environmental works.
Irrigation dates to back the Ancient Egyptians and, simply put, we have it because we need water to grow crops or feed for our animals. In the areas of the country that have the most irrigation, rainfall can be scarce, ranging from just 300mm in parts of Central Otago, through to 500-700mm in Canterbury and Marlborough, as compared with the 1,200mm that falls in Auckland annually. Irrigation is used by some farmers and growers to supplement that shortfall in rain and to remain resilient in drought years.
Irrigation schemes don’t just allow farmers to weather dry weather. They also augment natural flows in rivers and streams to improve water quality and enhance water life.
What then is the likely impact of Labour’s water tax policy on these families and their communities?
On the face of it phrases like “polluter pays” or “user pays: may sound appealing, but the balancing of the environmental, social, cultural and economic needs of our communities is more complex than that.
An important point to note from the outset is that nobody in New Zealand pays for water. Even in Auckland, Watercare charges for the treatment and reticulation of water to your home or business, not for the water itself. In the same way as you pay the council through your rates or water bill, Irrigators pay for the infrastructure through consenting, drilling of wells, installation and running of pumping stations or through payments to irrigation schemes with costs of up to $800 a hectare.
That’s what we pay for water from North Otago Irrigation COmpany’s scheme – $800 a hectare a year. On top of that we have to have an environmental farm plan which is independently audited each year.
When Labour’s policy was first announced, there was little detail of pricing. It appears now we are looking at a price of 2 cents per cubic metre, or 1000 Litres.
For some context, to apply 1mm of water over 1 hectare of land it takes 10,000 litres of water or 10 cubic metres. So, to supplement that shortfall of rainfall and sustain crop or pasture growth it quickly equates to large volumes of water.
To keep the maths simple, a 200ha cropping farm growing grain or grass seeds in mid Canterbury applying 500mm of irrigation water a year would have a new additional tax bill of $20,000 a year.
A 100hectare vineyard in Blenheim might use 199,500 cubic metres of water through a drip micro system and have an additional tax bill of $3,990.
Another dairy farmer well known on Twitter has calculated his annual water tax bill on his farm to be $53,000.
Suddenly a couple of cents doesn’t sound so small.
It’s not just the amount but that it will be taken from irrigators regardless of whether their practices are contributing to water quality problems, some will go to Iwi and some will go to regional councils.
What’s left after the costs of collection and distribution is supposed to be used to clean up waterways, but how? It it’s individual farms causing problems they should be responsible for fixing them and not at the cost of those who are already doing everything right.
The key drivers for irrigation requirements are the soil type and its ability to hold water, the crops water demand and the evapotranspiration of the area. In the examples above, grapes have a lower water demand than pasture or grain crops. There is a great deal of science and high level of management that goes into managing irrigation efficiently.
One arable farmer at a meeting in Ashburton on Friday said that he had calculated that at 2 cents/m3 his annual water tax bill could equate to half his annual income. Another wondered aloud what happens if he has a crop failure and he receives zero income for that year but still must pay the tax for the irrigation water he used?
What will happen in wet seasons, like the last one, when there was hardly any irrigation? Our power bill was about 10% of what it had been the previous season which indicates we used about a 10th of the irrigation.
And what will they do with the seagulls which are causing the only water quality problem in the Kakanui River?
In districts where there are significant areas of irrigation this tax would mean millions of dollars being removed from these local economies in additional tax. In these regional areas, the small towns and cities rely on primary industry to keep them going. For Ashburton and Timaru some estimates have come in around $40 million. Tim Cadogan, mayor of Central Otago, is quoted as saying the tax will cost his district $6 million dollars. That’s millions of dollars not transferred to local tradesman, the local café or the rural supplies store.
This proposed tax has been portrayed as the solution to NZ’s water quality problems, although the more we learn about this policy the more difficult it is to link the purported benefits with the method proposed. If Labour do as they say and return the tax to the areas from which it is collected (minus the percentage that goes to iwi), the areas with the poorest water quality will only receive a small slice of the tax. This is because there is almost no correlation between swimability of rivers and irrigation.
This policy is based not on facts but on the unsubstantiated belief that irrigation causes water degradation.
In our area it’s the opposite case. The Waiareka Creek that used to be a series of semi-stagnant ponds now flows clear all year and water life has re-established because irrigation water is doing what nature couldn’t – maintain water flows.
One of the greatest concerns regarding this policy is the possibility it could make meeting required reductions in nutrient losses more difficult. Making changes on a farm to improve water quality is not cheap and any additional money squeezed out of what are often tight budgets may make it more difficult to do so. As an example, $20,000-30,000 can pay for three or four soil moisture meters to aid in more targeted use of irrigation or perhaps part of a new effluent system.
A water tax is a broad-brush approach to what are varied and complex issues. In my view identifying the contaminants causing the water quality problems for a catchment and targeting the management of those at catchment scale is a far superior approach than paying money to a government organisation in the hope that it will be returned to be spent the catchment it came from.
Last Friday David Parker, Labour’s spokesperson for freshwater fronted a public meeting in Ashburton. While I’d already been publicly critical of the approach of a water tax, I wanted to hear what he had to say in more depth than a media soundbite or the 300-word summary on the Labour party website. I’ve also long believed that there is a legitimate conversation to be had about how we should fund environmental infrastructure such as the Managed Aquifer Recharge site in Ashburton, new storm water systems or floating wetlands such as those installed at Te Arawa in Rotorua.
I was bitterly disappointed.
Mr Parker provided photos of poor farming practices to set the tone. Of the farming practices that we were seeing in the photos, not even one of them was related to irrigation and none were from Canterbury. Almost every single one of them would be illegal in Canterbury under the existing Land and Water Regional Plan putting your consent to farm or your access to irrigation water at risk of being cut off.
When questioned on the price, Mr Parker warned the room that he wasn’t there to negotiate and threatened the farmers in the room that if they pushed him it would be 2 cents instead of 1 cent. He continually referred to the farmers in the room as “you people”, taking aim at them and telling them they alone were responsible for the rural urban divide.
It is the responsibility of us all to manage our water well and that includes irrigators, towns and cities, and other commercial users. If we are going to tackle these challenges we must do it together, instead of pointing the finger at one another.
The management of our freshwater is important for our ecosystems, our businesses and our recreation. Water is precious to all of us and deserves far more sophisticated and collaborative policy development then soundbites and feel good election policies if we are to deliver the kaitiakitanga it deserves.
The pledge by the farmers’ group will work where the water tax won’t.
It will be led by and accomplished by farmers working with farmers, not politicians extracting a tax only some of which will be applied to improving water quality.
We’re all pilgrims on the same journey but some pilgrims have better road maps. – Nelson DeMille who celebrates his 74th birthday today.
30 BC – After the successful invasion of Egypt, Octavian executed Marcus Antonius Antyllus, eldest son of Marc Antony, and Caesarion, the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt and only child of Caesar and Cleopatra.
20 BC – Ludi Volcanalici were held within the temple precinct of Vulcan, and used by Augustus to mark the treaty with Parthia and the return of thelegionary standards that had been lost at the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC.
79 Mount Vesuvius began stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, was executed for high treason.
1328 Battle of Cassel: French troops stopped an uprising of Flemish farmers.
1514 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
1572 St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre – Mob violence against Huguenots in Paris.
1595 Michael the Brave confronted the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
1708 Meidingnu Pamheiba was crowned King of Manipur.
1775 King George III declared that the American colonies existed in a state of open and avowed rebellion.
1793 French Revolution: a levée en masse was decreed by the National Convention.
1799 Napoleon left Egypt for France en route to seize power.
1813 Battle of Grossbeeren, the Prussians under Von Bülow repulsed the French army.
1858 The Round Oak rail accident in Brierley Hill, England.
1866 Austro-Prussian War ended with the Treaty of Prague.
1873 Albert Bridge in Chelsea, London opened.
1875 William Eccles, English radio pioneer, was born (d. 1966).
1891 – Roy Agnew, Australian pianist and composer, was born (d. 1944).
1896 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution was made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
1900 Malvina Reynolds, American folk singer/songwriter, was born (d. 1978).
1904 The automobile tyre chain was patented.
1908 – Hannah Frank, Scottish sculptor and illustrator , was born(d. 2008).
1912 Gene Kelly, American dancer and actor, was born (d. 1996).
1914 – World War I: the Battle of Mons; the British Army began withdrawal.
1921 British airship R-38 experienced structural failure over Hull in England and crashed in the Humber estuary. Only 4 of her 49 British and American training crew survived.
1923 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
1929 Hebron Massacre during the 1929 Palestine riots: Arab attack on the Jewish community in Hebron in the British Mandate of Palestine, continuing until the next day, resulted in the death of 65-68 Jews and the remaining Jews being forced to leave the city.
1934 Barbara Eden, American actress and singer, was born.
1938 English cricketer Sir Len Hutton set a world record for the highest individual Test innings of 364, during a Test match against Australia.
1939 New Zealand writer Robin Hyde died in London.
1939 World War II: Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, the Baltic states, Finland, Romania, and Poland were divided between the two nations.
1942 Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad.
1942 The last cavalry charge in history took place at Izbushensky.
1943 Nelson DeMille, American novelist, was born.
1943 Kharkov was liberated.
1944 Marseille was liberated.
1944 King Michael of Romania dismissed the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu, who was arrested. Romania switched sides from the Axis to the Allies.
1944 Freckleton Air Disaster – A United States Army Air Forces B-24 Liberator bomber crashed into a school in Freckleton, England killing 61 people.
1946 Keith Moon, English musician (The Who), was born (d. 1978).
1947 Assisted immigration to New Zealand for British people resumed after WWII.
1947 – Willy Russell, British playwright, was born.
1948 World Council of Churches was formed.
1949 Rick Springfield, Australian singer and actor, was born.
1951 Queen Noor of Jordan, was born.
1958 Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis began with the People’s Liberation Army’s bombardment of Quemoy.
1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 took the first photograph of Earth from orbit around the Moon.
1975 Successful Communist coup in Laos.
1977 The Gossamer Condor won the Kremer prize for human powered flight.
1979 Soviet dancer Alexander Godunov defected to the United States.
1982 Bachir Gemayel was elected Lebanese President amidst the raging civil war.
1985 Hans Tiedge, top counter-spy of West Germany, defected to East Germany.
1989 Hungary: the last communist government opened the Iron curtain and caused the exodus of thousands of Eastern Germans to West Germany via Hungary.
1989 Singing Revolution: two million people from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania stood on the Vilnius-Tallinn road, holding hands (Baltic Way).
1989 – 1,645 Australian domestic airline pilots resigned after the airlines threaten to fire them and sue them over a dispute.
1990 Saddam Hussein appeared on Iraqi state television with a number of Western “guests” ( hostages) to try to prevent the Gulf War.
1990 Armenia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
1990 West and East Germany announced that they would unite on October 3.
1994 Eugene Bullard, The only black pilot in World War I, was posthumously commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.
2000 Gulf Air Flight 072 crashed into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
2006 – Natascha Kampusch, who was abducted at the age of 10, managed to escape from her captor Wolfgang Priklopil, after 8 years of captivity.
2010 – Manila hostage crisis, in which 8 hostages were killed
2011 – A 5.8 earthquake occurred in Mineral, Virginia.
2011 – Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces took control of Bab al-Azizia compound.
2013 – A riot at the Palmasola prison complex in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, killed 31 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia