1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeated Kerbogha of Mosul.
1389 Ottomans defeated Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe.
1491 Henry VIII was born (d. 1547).
1519 Charles V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1577 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter, was born (d. 1640).
1635 Guadeloupe became a French colony.
1651 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians started.
1703 John Wesley, English founder of Methodism, was born (d. 1791).
1712 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher, was born (d. 1778).
1776 American Revolutionary War: Carolina Day – commemorates the defense of Fort Moultrie during the Battle of Sullivan’s Island.
1776 American Revolutionary War: Thomas Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George Washington, was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
1778 – American Revolutionary War: Battle of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
1807 Second British invasion of the Río de la Plata; John Whitelock landed at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos Aires and was defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
1838 The coronation of Queen Victoria.
1841 The Théâtre de l’Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premiered the ballet Giselle.
1859 First conformation dog show is held in Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
1865 The Army of the Potomac was disbanded.
1880 Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger was captured at Glenrowan.
1881 Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
1882 Anglo-French Convention of 1882 signed marking territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
1895 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua formed the Central American Union.
1896 An explosion in the Newton Coal Company’s Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston City, resulted in a massive cave-in that killed 58 miners.
1902 Richard Rodgers, American composer, was born (d. 1979).
1902 The U.S. Congress passed the Spooner Act, authorising President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
1904 The SS Norge ran aground and sank.
1909 Eric Ambler, English writer, was born (d. 1998).
1914 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie were assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip, the casus belli of World War I.
1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed in Paris, formally ending World War I between Belgium, Britain, France, Italy, the United States and allies on the one side and Germany and Austria Hungary on the other side.
1926 Mel Brooks, American filmmaker, was born.
1928 Harold Evans, English journalist and writer; editor of The Sunday Times, was born.
1934 – Bette Greene, American journalist and author, was born.
1936 The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang was formed in northern China.
1940 Romania ceded Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union.
1948 Cominform circulated the “Resolution on the situation in the Communist Party of Yugoslavia”; Yugoslavia was expelled from the Communist bloc.
1948 – Deborah Moggach, English author and screenwriter, was born.
1948 Boxer Dick Turpin beat Vince Hawkins to become the first black British boxing champion in the modern era.
1950 Seoul was captured by troops from North Korea.
1951 – Lalla Ward, English actress and author, was born.
1954 A. A. Gill, British writer and columnist, was born.
1956 Protests and demonstrations in Poznań.
1964 – Bernie McCahill, All Black, was born.
1964 Malcom X formed the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
1967 Israel annexed East Jerusalem.
1969 Stonewall riots began in New York City.
1971 Louise Bagshawe, British novelist and politician, was born.
1973 HMNZS Otago sailed for the Mururoa nuclear test zone.
1973 Elections were held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which led to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
1976 The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
1978 The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke barred quota systems in college admissions.
1981 A powerful bomb exploded in Tehran, killing 73 officials of Islamic Republic Party.
1983 The Mianus River Bridge collapsed killing 3 drivers in their vehicles.
1990 Paperback Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3 in its competing spreadsheet program.
1992 The Constitution of Estonia was signed into law.
1994 Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult released sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, 7 persons killed, 660 injured.
1996 The Constitution of Ukraine was signed into law.
2004 Sovereign power was handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
2005 War in Afghanistan: Three U.S. Navy SEALs and 16 American Special Operations Forces soldiers were killed during Operation Red Wing, a failed counter-insurgent mission in Kunar province.
2009 – Honduran president Manuel Zelaya was ousted by a local military coup following a failed request to hold a referendum to rewrite the Honduran Constitution. This was the start of the 2009 Honduran political crisis.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia