1307 Külüg Khan enthroned as Khagan of the Mongols and Wuzong of the Yuan.
1528 Maria of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress, was born (d. 1603).
1582 The Incident at Honnō-ji in Kyoto.
1621 Execution of 27 Czech noblemen on the Old Town Square in Prague as a consequence of the Battle of White Mountain.
1732 Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer, was born (d. 1791).
1734 In Montreal, a slave known by the French name of Marie-Joseph Angélique was put to death, having been convicted of the arson that destroyed much of the city.
1749 Halifax, Nova Scotia, was founded.
1768 James Otis, Jr. offended the King and parliament in a speech to the Massachusetts General Court.
1788 New Hampshire ratified the Constitution of the United States and is admitted as the 9th state in the United States.
1791 Robert Napier, British engineer, was born (d. 1876).
1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798: The British Army defeated Irish rebels at the Battle of Vinegar Hill.
1813 Peninsular War: Battle of Vitoria.
1824 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces captured Psara in the Aegean Sea.
1850 – Daniel Carter Beard, American author and illustrator, co-founded the Boy Scouts of America, was born (d. 1941).
1854 First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands.
1864 New Zealand Land Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ended.
1877 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, were hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons?
1895 The Kiel Canal was officially opened.
1898 The United States captured Guam from Spain.
1905 Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer, Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d. 1980).
1912 Mary McCarthy, American writer, was born (d. 1989).
1912 – Vishnu Prabhakar, Indian author and playwright, was born (d. 2009).
1914 – William Vickrey, Canadian-American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d. 1996).
1915 The U.S. Supreme Court handed down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens.
1918 – Josephine Webb, American engineer, was born.
1919 The Royal Canadian Mounted Police fired a volley into a crowd of unemployed war veterans, killing two, during the Winnipeg General Strike.
1921 Judy Holliday, American actress, was born (d. 1965)
1921 Jane Russell, American actress, was born.
1925 – Giovanni Spadolini, Italian journalist and politician, 45th Prime Minister of Italy, was born (d. 1994).
1940 The first successful west-to-east navigation of Northwest Passagebegan at Vancouver, British Columbia
1942 World War II: Tobruk fell to Italian and German forces.
1942 World War II: A Japanese submarine surfaced near the Columbia River in Oregon, firing 17 shells at nearby Fort Stevens in one of only a handful of attacks by the Japanese against the United States mainland.
1944 Ray Davies, English musician (The Kinks), was born.
1945 World War II: The Battle of Okinawa ended.
1947 Joey Molland, English musician (Badfinger), was born.
1948 Ian McEwan, English writer, was born.
1948 Columbia Records introduced the long-playing record album in a public demonstration at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.
1952 – Jeremy Coney, New Zealand-English cricketer and sportscaster, was born.
1952 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, was converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
1957 Ellen Louks Fairclough was sworn in as Canada’s first woman Cabinet Minister.
1964 The Beatles landed in New Zealand.
1972 – Irene van Dyk, South African-New Zealand netball player, was born.
1973 In handing down the decision in Miller v. California 413 US 15, the Supreme Court of the United States established the Miller Test, which now governs obscenity in U.S. law.
1982 Prince William of Wales, British prince and heir, was born.
1982 John Hinckley was found not guilty by reason of insanity for the attempted assassination of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
2000 Section 28 (outlawing the ‘promotion’ of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) was repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.
2001 A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Virginia, indicted 13 Saudis and a Lebanese in the 1996 bombing of the Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia that killed 19 American servicemen.
2004 SpaceShipOne became the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight.
2009 – Greenland assumed self-rule.
2012 – A boat carrying more than 200 refugees capsised in the Indian Ocean between Java and Christmas Island, killing 17 people and leaving 70 other missing,
2013 – A suicide bomber killed 15 and injured 20 in a Shi’ite mosque in the northwestern Pakistani city of Peshawar.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia