April 9 in history

32 Jesus Christ ascended into Jerusalem on the first Palm Sunday.

193 Septimius Severus was proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum.

475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issued a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.

1241  Battle of Liegnitz: Mongol forces defeated the Polish and German armies.

1413  Henry V was crowned King of England.

1440 Christopher of Bavaria was appointed King of Denmark.

1682 Robert Cavelier de La Salle discovered the mouth of the Mississippi River, claimed it for France and named it Louisiana.

1850 – Nine Sisters of Mercy arrived in Auckland on the Oceanie with Bishop Pompallier and a number of priests.

Sisters of Mercy arrive in New Zealand

1860 The oldest audible sound recording of a human voice was made.

1865 American Civil War: Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia (26,765 troops) to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, effectively ending the war.

1865 Birth of Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American mathematician and electrical engineer (d. 1923).

1867 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia, was born (d. 1941).

1867  Alaska purchase: Passing by a single vote, the United States Senate ratified a treaty with Russia for the purchase of Alaska.

1898 Paul Robeson, American singer and activist, was born  (d. 1976).

1909 The U.S. Congress passed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.

1916  World War I: The Battle of Verdun – German forces launched their third offensive of the battle.

1917 World War I: The Battle of Arras  started with Canadian Corps executing a massive assault on Vimy Ridge.

1918 World War I: The Battle of the Lys – the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps was crushed by the German forces during the Spring Offensive on the Belgian region of Flanders.

1926 Hugh Hefner, American entrepreneur and publisher, was born.

1932 Unemployed workers in Dunedin reacted angrily to the refusal of the Hospital Board to offer assistance, protesters stoned the mayor’s relief depot and tried to storm the Hospital Board’s offices, before being dispersed by police batons.

Unemployed disturbances in Dunedin

1934 – Bill Birch, New Zealand politician, was born.

Bill Birch.jpg

1937 The Kamikaze arrived at Croydon Airport – the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.

1939 Marian Anderson sang at the Lincoln Memorial, after being denied the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution’s Constitution Hall.

1940 World War II: Germany invaded Denmark and Norway.

1942 World War II: The Battle of Bataan/Bataan Death March – United States forces surrendered on the Bataan Peninsula. The Japanese Navy launched an air raid on Trincomalee; Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Hermes and Royal Australian Navy Destroyer HMAS Vampire were sunk off the island’s east coast.

1945 World War II: The German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer was sunk.

1945 – World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ended.

1945 – The United States Atomic Energy Commission was formed.

1947 The Glazier-Higgins-Woodward tornadoes killed 181 and injured970 in Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas.

1947 – The Journey of Reconciliation, the first interracial Freedom Ride  started through the upper South in violation of Jim Crow laws. The riders wanted enforcement of the United States Supreme Court’s 1946 Irene Morgan decision that banned racial segregation in interstate travel.

1948 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán’s assassination provoked a violent riot (El Bogotazo) in Bogotá, and a further ten years of violence in Colombia known as La violencia.

1948 – Massacre at Deir Yassin.

1952 Hugo Ballivian’s government was overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines.

1957 The Suez Canal in Egypt was cleared and opened to shipping.

1959 Mercury program: NASA announced the selection of the United States’ first seven astronauts,-  the “Mercury Seven“.

1965 Astrodome opened and the first indoor baseball game was played.

1967 The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) made its maiden flight.

1968 Martin Luther King Jr’s funeral.

1969 – Paula Bennett, National Party Cabinet Minister and Upper Harbour MP, was born.

Paula Bennett.jpg

1969 The “Chicago Eight” pled not guilty to federal charges of conspiracy to incite a riot at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, Illinois.

1969 The first British-built Concorde 002 makes its maiden flight from Filton to RAF Fairford.

1975 The first game of the Philippine Basketball Association, the second oldest professional basketball league in the world.

1978  Rachel Stevens, English singer (S Club), was born.

1989  The April 9 tragedy in Tbilisi, Georgian SSR an anti-Soviet peaceful demonstration and hunger strikes, demanding restoration of Georgian independence was dispersed by the Soviet army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries.

1991 Georgia declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

1992 A U.S. Federal Court found former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drug and racketeering charges. He was sentenced to 30 years in prison.

1992 John Major‘s Conservative Party won an unprecedented fourth general election victory.

1999  Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, was assassinated.

2002 The funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey.

2003 2003 invasion of Iraq: Baghdad fell to American forces.

2005 Charles, Prince of Wales married Camilla Parker Bowles.

2009 In Tbilisi, Georgia, up to 60,000 people protested against the government of Mikheil Saakashvili.

2011 – A gunman murdered five people, injured eleven, and committed suicide in a mall in the Netherlands.

2013 – A gunman murdered 13 people in a spree shooting in the village of Velika Ivanča, Serbia.

2014  – A student stabbed 20 people at Franklin Regional High School in Murrysville, Pennsylvania.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia

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5 Responses to April 9 in history

  1. Gravedodger says:

    Sale of the century c1867.

    More than a little mystified how two states, one an absolute monarchy the other a fledgling democratic republic, could barter the homeland of the Inuit who had survived there for centuries and it was completed and promptly filed.

    While here in lil old NZ at that time a colony was saddled by the UK Government with a treaty now elevated to founding document and last week raised even higher to create a race based two people ad hoc layer of bureaucracy to all RMA activity.
    Gee whiz Nick Smith and Simon Says that is real progress, thank you very much, you have just handedd the MP for St Marys Bay a box of ammunition that Minister Bennett wants to tighten controls around.

    Ahh the flexibility of political activism, the sheep don’t vote.

  2. Andrei says:

    Russians had been in Alaska since the time of Ivan Grozny (the Terrible) GraveDodger – most of it was then and still is unpopulated. It formally became part of the Russian empire in 1733 and Russians expanded south all the way to California, their furthest outpost being Fort Ross in California, a tourist attraction today, where they clashed with the Spanish in Mexico (California was part of Mexico then as was Arizona, New Mexico and Texas). Fort Russ was sold to John Sutter in 1841 who shortly thereafter discovered Gold there and not long after that the USA took California, or more accurately Alta California in the American Mexican war

    Even today Russian culture still exists among the native Alaskans and it is home to some fairly ancient Old Believer communities as well.

    As for the sale – After the Crimean war and with the expansion of the British to Western Canada Russia feared that Alaska would be impossible to defend in future hostilities and it would be better to sell it rather than have it seized so they set up a bidding war between the British and Americans but the British were not interested so the Americans got it cheaply

    As it happens the border between Canada and Alaska is not defined well and there are border disputes to this day – there is also one place in Alaska where children have to pass through Canada to get to their Alaskan school because of the fuzzy border.

    Russia also had outposts in Hawaii back in the day but not being a maritime nation has more or less remained confined to the Eurasian continent, a policy defined during the time of Alexander II and sealed with the sale of Alaska

    All of this is highly relevant today – The British and American Empires are maritime empires and that colors their thinking which they project onto Russia whereas Russia is a contiguous entity apart from the exclave Kaliningrad which is an accident of recent history and a region which NATO is trying to box in, there is a lot of NATO activity around Kaliningrad as we speak

    But whatever WW3 is coming, the forces of darkness are at work and the war drums are beating and many are falling into step to march to their beat

  3. Andrei says:

    32 Jesus Christ ascended into Jerusalem on the first Palm Sunday.

    I love that you recognize some Christian festivals in these posts but of course the Date of Palm Sunday and Easter is not defined through our modern solar Gregorian civil Calendar at all but are based on the ancient Jewish Lunar one with adaptions to the modern calendar

    The reason why these feasts do not usually align between the Eastern and Western Church is because the adaption to the solar calendars is based on two different calendars the Julian in the East and the Gregorian in the West

    Next year Palm Sunday will be Sunday, 25 March, West and April 1st East

  4. Gravedodger says:

    At least you have presented without the profanity you seem to need at Farra’s place, for that I am grateful Andrei.

  5. Andrei says:

    I rarely use profanity Gravedodger – but there are occasions it is called for.

    It comes particularly useful when dealing with morons who are blinded stupidity and prejudice who cannot see that they are being led into a flaming pit

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