1339 – The Milanese army and the St. George’s (San Giorgio) Mercenaries of Lodrisio Visconti clashed in the Battle of Parabiago.
1547 Edward VI was crowned King of England.
1810 Andreas Hofer, Tirolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon’s forces, was executed.
1835 Concepción, Chile was destroyed by an earthquake.
1866 – Carl Westman, Swedish architect, designed the Stockholm Court House and Röhsska Museum, was born (d. 1936).
1872 New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art opened.
1873 The University of California opened its first medical school.
1887 Vincent Massey, Governor-General of Canada, was born (d. 1967).
1901 – The legislature of Hawaii Territory convened for the first time.
1901 – Louis Kahn, American architect, designed the Salk Institute, the Kimbell Art Museum and the Bangladesh Parliament Building, was born (d. 1974).
1902 – Ansel Adams, American photographer and environmentalist, was born (d. 1984).
1906 Gale Gordon, American television and radio actor, was born (d. 1995).
1909 Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
1913 King O’Malley drove in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
1914 – J.W.H. Scotland flew a Caudron biplane from Invercargill to Gore, completing the first cross-country flight in New Zealand.
1924 Gloria Vanderbilt, American socialite and clothing designer, was born.
1925 Robert Altman, American film director, was born (d. 2006).
1927 Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician (Buena Vista Social Club) was born, (d. 2005)
1927 – Sidney Poitier, American actor, was born.
1941 Buffy Sainte-Marie, Canadian singer, was born.
1942 Lieutenant Edward O’Hare became America’s first World War II flying ace.
1943 – The Parícutin volcano in Mexico erupted.
1950 Walter Becker, American guitarist (Steely Dan), was born.
1951 Gordon Brown, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born.
1952 Emmett Ashford became the first African-American umpire in organised baseball.
1954 Yvette Williams won a gold medal for the long jump at the Olympics.
1962 Mercury programme: John Glenn became the first American to orbit the earth, making three orbits in 4 hours, 55 minutes.
1965 Ranger 8 crashed into the moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo programme astronauts.
1976 The Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation disbanded.
1991 A gigantic statue of Albania’s long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, was brought down in the Albanian capital Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.
1998 American figure skater Tara Lipinski became the youngest gold-medalist at the Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.
2005 Spain became the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.
2010 – Heavy rain caused floods and mudslides, on Madeira Island leaving at least 43 dead in the worst disaster on the history of the archipelago.
2015 – Two trains collided in the Swiss town of Rafz resulting in as many as 49 people injured and Swiss Federal Railways cancelling some services.
2016 – Six people were killed and two injured in multiple shooting incidents in Kalamazoo County, Michigan.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia