39 Titus, Roman emperor was born (d. 81).
1066 Granada massacre: A Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city.
1460 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield.
1835 Charles Darwin left New Zealand after a nine day visit.
1865 – Rudyard Kipling, English writer, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1936).
1875 – A.H. (Sir Alfred Hamish) Reed, publisher, author, entrepreneur, and walker and mountaineer, was born (d. 1975).
1919 – Lincoln’s Inn in London admitted its first female bar student.
1922 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.
1925 – Ian MacNaughton, Scottish actor, producer, and director, was born (d. 2002).
1927 The Ginza Line, the first subway line in Asia, opened in Tokyo, Japan.
1928 – Bo Diddley, American singer and musician, was born (d. 2008).
1931 Skeeter Davis, American singer, was born (d. 2004) .
1937 – Noel Paul Stookey, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary), was born.
1939 – Glenda Adams, Australian author and academic, was born (d. 2007).
1940 California opened its first freeway the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
1942 – Michael Nesmith, American singer and musician (The Monkees) was born.
1945 Davy Jones, English singer (The Monkees), was born (d. 2012).
1946 – Patti Smith, American singer-songwriter and poet, was born.
1950 Bjarne Stroustrup, Danish computer scientist, creator of C++, was born.
1959 Tracey Ullman, English actress and singer, was born.
1961 – Bill English, New Zealand’s Prime Minister, was born.
1965 Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Philippines.
1975 Tiger Woods, American golfer, was born.
1993 Israel and the Vatican established diplomatic relations.
2004 A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina killed 194.
2005 Tropical Storm Zeta formed in the open Atlantic Ocean.
2006 Madrid’s Barajas International Airport was bombed.
2006 Deposed President of Iraq Saddam Hussein, convicted of the executions of 148 Iraqi Shiites, was executed.
2013 – More than 100 people were killed when anti-government forces attacked key buildings in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Sourced from NZ History Online, Te Ara, Encyclopedia of NZ & Wikipedia.