457– Majorian was crowned emperor of the Western Roman Empire and recognised by Pope Leo I.
1065 Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
1612 Galileo Galilei becomes the first astronomer to observe the planet Neptune, although he mistakenly catalogued it as a fixed star.
1635 Princess Elizabeth of England was born (d. 1650).
1768 King Taksin‘s coronation achieved through conquest as a king of Thailand and established Thonburi as a capital.
1795 Construction of Yonge Street, the longest street in the world, began in York, Upper Canada (present-day Toronto.
1836 – Spain recognised the independence of Mexico.
1856 Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1924).
1867 United States claimed Midway Atoll, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.
1879 – The Tay Bridge Disaster: The central part of the Tay Rail Bridge in Dundee, Scotland collapsed as a train passed over it, killing 75.
1879 – Billy Mitchell, American military aviation pioneer was born (d. 1936).
1908 An earthquake rocked Messina, Sicily killing over 75,000.
1934 Dame Maggie Smith, British actress, was born.
1945 The United States Congress officially recognised the Pledge of Allegiance.
1950 The Peak District became the United Kingdom’s first National Park.
1953 Richard Clayderman, French pianist, was born.
1954 Denzel Washington, American actor, was born.
1956 Nigel Kennedy, British violinist, was born.
1989 A magnitude 5.6 earthquake hit Newcastle, New South Wales, killing 13 people.
1999 Saparmurat Niyazov was proclaimed President for Life in Turkmenistan.
2009 43 people died in a suicide bombing in Karachi, Pakistan, where Shia Muslims were observing the Day of Ashura.
2010 – Arab Spring: Popular protests began in Algeria against the government.
2011 – Uludere airstrike: Turkish warplanes bombed 34 Kurds of Turkish nationality in the district of Uludere.
2014 – Indonesia AirAsia Flight 8501 crashed into the Karimata Strait en route from Surabaya to Singapore, killing all 162 people aboard.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.