680 The Sixth Ecumenical Council commenced in Constantinople.
1492 The Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, struck the earth in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, France.
1619 Elizabeth of Scotland and England was crowned Queen of Bohemia.
1665 The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, was first published.
1728 Captain James Cook, British naval officer, explorer, and cartographer, was born (d 1779).
1775 John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, started the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore’s Offer of Emancipation, which offered freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British.
1786 The oldest musical organisation in the United States was founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
1811 Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe.
1837 Abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy was shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
1848 The paddle steamer Acheron arrived to being surveying New Zealand waters.
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: Forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overran a Confederate camp but were forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.
1867 Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Polish chemist and physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics and in chemistry, was born (d 1934).
1872 The ship Mary Celeste sailed from New York.
1874 A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, was considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
1879 Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary, was born (d 1940).
1885 Construction ended on the Canadian Pacific Railway railway extending across Canada.
1893 Women in the U.S. state of Colorado were granted the right to vote.
1900 Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons won three Victoria Crosses.
1907 Jesús García saved the entire town of Nacozari de Garcia, Sonora by driving a burning train full of dynamitesix kilometers away before it could explode.
1908 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.
1910 The first air freight shipment was undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
1912 – The Public Service Act was passed into law, creating a framework for New Zealand’s bureaucracy that lasted until 1988. The Act was the brainchild of lawyer Alexander Herdman, a senior minister in the new Reform Party government.
1912 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opened in Berlin with a production of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
1913 Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate, was born (d 1960).
1914 The first issue of The New Republic magazine was published.
1914 – The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtaowere captured by Japanese forces.
1916 Jeannette Rankin was the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
1917 The Gregorian calendar date of the October Revolution, which got its name from the Julian calendar date of 25 October – the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace.
1917 World War I: Third Battle of Gaza ended: British forces captured Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
1918 The 1918 influenza epidemic spread to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
1918 Kurt Eisner overthrew the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria.
1918 Billy Graham, American evangelist was born.
1919 The first Palmer Raid was conducted on the second anniversary of the Russian Revolution. More than 10,000 suspected communists and anarchists were arrested in twenty-three different U.S. cities.
1920 Patriarch Tikhon issued a decree that lead to the formation ofRussian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
1921 The Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF), National Fascist Party, comes into existence.
1926 Dame Joan Sutherland, Australian operatic soprano, was born (d 2010).
1929 The Museum of Modern Art in New York opened to the public.
1931 The Chinese Soviet Republic was proclaimed on the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution.
1940 The original Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapsed in a windstorm, just four months after the bridge’s completion.
1941 Soviet hospital ship Armenia was sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimea’s hospitals – killing more than 5,000 people.
1943 – Dame Silvia Cartwright, New Zealand lawyer, judge, and politician, 18th Governor-General of New Zealand, was born.
1943 Joni Mitchell, Canadian musician, was born.
1944 A passenger train derailed in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. 16 people were killed and 50 injured.
1944 Soviet spy Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German World War I veteran, and 34 of his spy-ring, were hanged by his Japanese captors.
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.
1963 Wunder von Lengede: Eleven miners were rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days.
1967 Carl B. Stokes was elected as Mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major American city.
1970 Long-haired Christchurch mountaineers John Glasgow and Peter Gough became the first to successfully scale the 2000-metre Caroline Faceof Aoraki/Mt Cook, declaring it a ‘triumph for the hippies’.
1975 In Bangladesh a joint force of people and soldiers took part in an uprising hailed as National Revolution and Solidarity Day, led by Col. Abu Taher that ousted and killed Brig. Khaled Mosharraf.
1983 United States Senate bombing: a bomb exploded inside the United States Capitol.
1987 In Tunisia, president Habib Bourguiba was overthrown and replaced by Prime Minister Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
1989 Douglas Wilder won the governor’s seat in Virginia, becoming the first elected African American governor in the United States.
1989 David Dinkins became the first African American mayor of New York City.
1989 – East German Prime Minister Willi Stoph and his cabinet were forced to resign after huge anti-government protests.
1990 Mary Robinson became the first woman to be elected President of the Republic of Ireland.
1991 Magic Johnson announced that he was infected with HIV and retired from the NBA.
1994 WXYC, the student radio station of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, provided the world’s first internet radio broadcast.
1996 NASA launched the Mars Global Surveyor.
2000 – Hillary Rodham Clinton was elected to the United States Senate, becoming the first former First Lady to win public office in the United States.
2000 – Controversial US presidential election that is later resolved in theBush v. Gore Supreme Court Case.
2002 Iran banned advertising of United States products.
2004 War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day “state of emergency” as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
2006 Chicago O’Hare UFO sighting
2007 Jokela school shooting in Tuusula, Finland, resulted in the death of nine people.
2012 – An earthquake off the Pacific coast of Guatemala killed at least 52 people.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia