293 BC The oldest known Roman temple to Venus was founded, starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica.
1587 Virginia Dare, granddaughter of governor John White of the Colony of Roanoke, became the first English child born in the Americas (d.?).
1634 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, was burned alive in Loudun France.
1774 – Meriwether Lewis, American soldier, explorer, and politician, co-leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, was born (d. 1809).
1819 – Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, was born (d. 1876).
1848 Camila O’Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez were executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Globe Tavern – Union forces tried to cut a vital Confederate supply-line into Petersburg, Virginia, by attacking the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad.
1868 – French astronomer Pierre Jules César Janssen discovered helium.
1877 Asaph Hall discovered Martian moon Phobos.
1885 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist, was born (d. 1964).
1891 Major hurricane struck Martinique, leaving 700 dead.
1903 German engineer Karl Jatho allegedly flew his self-made, motored gliding aeroplane four months before the first flight of the Wright Brothers.
1904 – Max Factor Jr, Polish-born cosmetics entrepreneur, was born (d. 1996).
1908 – Bill Merritt, New Zealand cricketer and sportscaster, was born (d. 1977).
1909 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presented Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees.
1914 – Lucy Ozarin, psychiatrist, United States Navy lieutenant commander, was born.
1917 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroyed 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
1920 Shelley Winters, American actress, was born (d. 2006).
1920 The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing women’s suffrage.
1925 – Brian Aldiss, English author and critic, was born.
1935 Sir Howard Morrison, New Zealand entertainer, was born (d 2009).
1935 Robert Redford, American actor, was born.
1937 – Sheila Cassidy, English physician and author, was born.
1938 The Thousand Islands Bridge, connecting New York State, United States with Ontario, Canada over the St. Lawrence River, was dedicated by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1941 Adolf Hitler ordered a temporary halt to Nazi Germany’s systematic euthanasia of the mentally ill and the handicapped due to protests.
1943 – Carl Wayne, English singer and actor (The Move, The Hollies, and The Vikings), was born (d. 2004).
1944 – Robert Hitchcock, Australian sculptor and illustrator, was born.
1949 – Nigel Griggs, English bass player, songwriter, and producer (Split Enz and Schnell Fenster), was born.
1950 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium was assassinated by far-right elements.
1952 Patrick Swayze, American actor, was born (d. 2009).
1955 – 20 year-old Edward Te Whiu was hanged for murder.
1956 – Sandeep Patil, Indian cricketer and coach, was born.
1957 – Ron Strykert, Australian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Men at Work), was born.
1958 Vladimir Nabokov’s controversial novel Lolita was published in the United States.
1961 – Huw Edwards, Welsh-English journalist and author, was born.
1963 American civil rights movement: James Meredith became the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
1965 Vietnam War: Operation Starlite began – United States Marines destroyed a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in the first major American ground battle of the war.
1966 Vietnam War: the Battle of Long Tan – a patrol of 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment encountered the Viet Cong.
1969 Jimi Hendrix played the unofficial last day of the Woodstock festival.
1971 Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announced to Parliament the decision to withdraw New Zealand’s combat force from Vietnam before the end of the year.
1976 In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident resulted in the death of two US soldiers.
1977 Steve Biko was arrested at a police roadblock under the Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967 in King William’s Town, South Africa. He later died of the injuries sustained during this arrest.
1982 Japanese election law was amended to allow for proportional representation.
1983 Hurricane Alicia hit the Texas coast, killing 22 people and causing over USD $1 billion in damage (1983 dollars).
1989 Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán was assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia.
2000 A Federal jury finds the US EPA guilty of discrimination against Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, later inspiring passage of the No FEAR Act.
2005 Massive power blackout in Java, affecting almost 100 million people.
2008 President Of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf resigned due to pressure from opposition.
2008 – War of Afghanistan: Uzbin Valley ambush occurred.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia