955 Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeated the Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of the West.
991 Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, Duke of Essex, were defeated by a band of inland-raiding Vikings.
1270 Yekuno Amlak took the imperial throne of Ethiopia, restoring the Solomonic dynasty to power after a 100-year interregnum.
1316 Second Battle of Athenry.
1519 Ferdinand Magellan’s five ships set sail from Seville to circumnavigate the globe.
1557 Battle of St. Quentin: Spanish victory over the French in the Habsburg-Valois Wars.
1628 The Swedish warship Vasa sank in the Stockholm harbour after only about 20 minutes on her maiden voyage.
1675 The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London was laid.
1680 The Pueblo Revolt began in New Mexico.
1792 French Revolution: Storming of the Tuileries Palace, Louis XVI was arrested.
1809 Quito declared independence from Spain.
1829 First ascent of Finsteraarhorn, the highest summit of the Bernese Alps.
1840 HMS Britomart arrived at Akaroa, on Banks Peninsula, a week before a shipload of French colonists landed. The ship’s captain raised the Union Jack to confirm British sovereignty over the area.
1846 The Smithsonian Institution was chartered by the United States Congress after James Smithson donated $500,000 for that purpose.
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Wilson’s Creek.
1869 – Laurence Binyon, English poet, playwright, and scholar, was born (d. 1943).
1874 – Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States, was born (d. 1964).
1889 m– Charles Darrow, American game designer, created Monopoly, was born (d. 1967).
1894 – V. V. Giri, Indian lawyer and politician, 4th President of India, was born (d. 1980).
1900 – Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand, was born (d. 1994).
1901 The U.S. Steel Recognition Strike by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers began.
1904 Russo-Japanese War: the Battle of the Yellow Sea.
1905 Russo-Japanese War: peace negotiations began in Portsmouth.
1913 Delegates from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece signed the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the Second Balkan War.
1920 World War I: Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI’s representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres that divides the Ottoman Empire between the Allies.
1926 – Marie-Claire Alain, French organist and educator, was born (d. 2013).
1932 Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog, was born (b. 1918).
1932 A 5.1kg chondrite-type meteorite broke into at least seven pieces and landed near Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
1933 – Elizabeth Butler-Sloss, Baroness Butler-Sloss, English lawyer and judge, was born.
1940 Bobby Hatfield, American singer (The Righteous Brothers), was born (d. 2003).
1941 – Susan Dorothea White, Australian painter and sculptor, was born.
1943 Jimmy Griffin, American guitarist (Bread), was born (d. 2005)
1944 World War II: American forces defeated the last Japanese troops on Guam.
1947 Ian Anderson, Scottish singer (Jethro Tull), was born.
1948 Candid Camera made its television debut after being on radio for a year as Candid Microphone.
1951 – Juan Manuel Santos, Colombian businessman and politician, 59th President of Colombia, was born.
1954 The groundbreaking ceremony for the Saint Lawrence Seaway was held.
1961 Jon Farriss, Australian musician (INXS).
1969 Members of Charles Manson‘s cult killed Leno and Rosemary LaBianca.
1977 David Berkowitz (“Son of Sam”) was arrested for a series of killingsin the New York City area over the period of one year.
1988 U.S. President Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese Americans who were either interned in or relocated by the United States during World War II.
1990 The Magellan space probe reached Venus.
1995 Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were indicted for Oklahoma City bombing. Michael Fortier pleaded guilty in a plea-bargain agreement for his testimony.
1998 The Royal Proclamation of HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah as the crown prince of Brunei.
2003 The highest temperature ever recorded in the UK – 38.5°C (101.3°F) in Kent.
2003 – Yuri Malenchenko became the first person to marry in space.
2006 Scotland Yard disrupted major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. In the wake of this all toiletries were banned from commercial airplanes.
2009 – Twenty people were killed in Handlová, Trenčín Region, in the deadliest mining disaster in Slovakia’s history.
2012 – The Marikana miners’ strike began near Rustenburg, South Africa.
2013 – The World Championships in Athletics took place in Moscow.
2014 – 39 people were killed in a plane crash at Tehran’s Mehrabad Airport.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia