1295 Scotland and France formed an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
1316 Battle of Manolada between the Burgundian and Majorcan claimants of the Principality of Achaea.
1321 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, was born (d. 1362).
1610 John Guy set sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
1687 Isaac Newton published Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
1755 Sarah Siddons, British actress, was born (d. 1831).
1770 Battle of Chesma started, between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
1775 United States Congress adopted the Olive Branch Petition.
1803 The Convention of Artlenburg led to the French occupation of Hanover.
1809 Battle of Wagram started.
1810 P.T. Barnum, American circus owner, was born (d. 1891).
1811 Venezuela declared independence from Spain.
1814 War of 1812: Battle of Chippawa – American Major General Jacob Brown defeated British General Phineas Riall.
1833 Admiral Charles Napier defeated the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
1853 Cecil Rhodes, British founder of Rhodesia was born (d. 1902).
1865 The Salvation Army was founded in the East End of London.
1878 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
1881 A poll tax was imposed on Chinese people in New Zealand.
1884 Germany took possession of Cameroon.
1902 Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., American diplomat, was born (d. 1985)
1911 Georges Pompidou, French politician, was born (d. 1974).
1934 ”Bloody Thursday” – Police opened fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
1937 Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1937 Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan: 45°C (113°F).
1940 World War II: The United Kingdom and the Vichy France government broke off diplomatic relations.
1941 World War II: German troops reached the Dnieper River.
1943 The Battle of Kursk, the largest full-scale battle in history started.
1943 – World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sailed for Sicily.
1945 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
1946 The bikini was re-introduced in Paris.
1947 Larry Doby signed a contract with the Cleveland Indians baseball team, becoming the first black player in the American League.
1948 National Health Service Acts created the national public health systems in the United Kingdom.
1950 Huey Lewis, American musician (Huey Lewis and the News), was born.
1950 – Michael Monarch, American guitarist (Steppenwolf), was born.
1950 Korean War: Task Force Smith – First clash between American and North Korean forces.
1950 The Knesset passed the Law of Return which granted all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.
1954 John Wright, New Zealand cricketer, was born.
1954 Jimmy Crespo, American guitarist (Aerosmith), was born.
1954 The BBC broadcast its first television news bulletin.
1954 Andhra Pradesh High Court was established.
1958 Bill Watterson, American cartoonist, was born.
1958 First ascent of Gasherbrum I, 11th highest peak on the earth.
1962 Algeria became independent from France.
1962 The Late Late Show, the world’s longest-running chat show by the same broadcaster, aired on RTÉ One for the first time.
1970 Air Canada Flight 621 crashed near Toronto International Airport killing 109 people.
1971 The Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
1973 Catastrophic BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, Arizona, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, killed 11 firefighters.
1975 Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
1975 Cape Verde gained its independence from Portugal.
1977 Military coup in Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan was overthrown.
1979 Shane Filan, Irish musician (Westlife), was born.
1989 Iran-Contra Affair: Oliver North was sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service.
1995 Armenia adopted its constitution, four years after their independence from the Soviet Union.
1996 Dolly the sheep became the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
1999 – President Clinton imposed trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
2003 SARS was declared to be contained by the WHO.
2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the nation.
2009 Roger Federer won a record 15th Grand Slam title in tennis, winning a five set match against Andy Roddick at Wimbledon.
2009 The largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered, consisting of more than 1,500 items, was found near the village of Hammerwich, in Staffordshire.
2009 Ethnic rioting broke out in Ürümqi, Xinjiang, China.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia