1239 – Edward Longshanks, English king, was born (d. 1307).
1462 – Vlad III the Impaler attempted to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia.
1497 – Battle of Deptford Bridge – forces under King Henry VII defeated troops led by Michael An Gof.
1565 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinated the 13th Ashikaga shogun,Ashikaga Yoshiteru.
1579 Sir Francis Drake claimed a land he called Nova Albion (modern California) for England.
1631 Mumtaz Mahal died during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperorShah Jahan I, then spent more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal.
1691 Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect, was born (d. 1765).
1704 John Kay, English inventor of the flying shuttle, was born (d. 1780)
1773 Cúcuta, Colombia was founded by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar.
1775 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Bunker Hill.
1789 In France, the Third Estate declared itself the National Assembly.
1839 In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issued the Edict of toleration which gave Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands.
1843 The Wiarau Incident: New Zealand Company settlers and Ngati Toa clashed over the ownership of land in the Wairau Valley.
1863 Battle of Aldie in the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War.
1867 Henry Lawson, Australian poet, was born (d. 1922).
1876 Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud – 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook‘s forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory.
1877 Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – the Nez Perce defeated the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
1885 The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbour.
1898 The United States Navy Hospital Corps was established.
1900 Martin Bormann, Nazi official, was born (d. 1945).
1901 The College Board introduced its first standardized test.
1910 Aurel Vlaicu performed the first flight of A. Vlaicu nr. 1.
1919 – Beryl Reid, English actress, was born (d. 1996).
1922 – John Amis, English journalist and critic, was born (d. 2013).
1930 U.S. President Herbert Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law.
1932 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amassed at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considered a bill that would give them certain benefits.
1933 Union Station Massacre: in Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash were gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash.
1939 Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, was guillotined in Versailles.
1940 World War II: Operation Ariel began– Allied troops started to evacuate France, following Germany’s takeover of Paris and most of the nation.
1940 – World War II: sinking of the RMS Lancastria by the Luftwaffe.
1940 – World War II: the British Army’s 11th Hussars assaulted and tookFort Capuzzo in Libya from Italian forces.
1940 – The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fell under the occupation of the Soviet Union.
1943 Barry Manilow, American musician, was born.
1944 Iceland declared independence from Denmark and became a republic.
1945 Ken Livingstone, English politician, was born.
1947 Paul Young, English singer and percussionist, was born (d. 2000).
1948 A Douglas DC-6 carrying United Airlines Flight 624 crashed near Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, killing all 43 people on board.
1949 – John Craven, English economist and academic, was born.
1950 Lee Tamahori, New Zealand film director, was born.
1953 Workers Uprising: in East Germany, the Soviet Union ordered a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion.
1957 Phil Chevron, Irish musician (The Pogues, The Radiators From Space), was born.
1958 The Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing being built connecting Vancouver and North Vancouver, Canada, collapses into the Burrard Inlet, killing many of the ironworkers and injuring others.
1958 The Wooden Roller Coaster at Playland, in the Pacific National Exhibition, Vancouver, opened.
1960 The Nez Perce tribe was awarded $4 million for 7 million acres of land undervalued (4 cents/acre) in the 1863 treaty.
1961 The New Democratic Party of Canada was founded with the merger of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and the Canadian Labour Congress.
1963 The United States Supreme Court ruled 8 to 1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against allowing the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord’s Prayer in public schools.
1963 A day after South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem announced the Joint Communique to end the Buddhist crisis, a riot involving around 2000 people breaks out, killing one.
1972 Watergate scandal: five White House operatives were arrested for burglary of the offices of the Democratic National Committee
1987 With the death of the last individual, the Dusky Seaside Sparrowbecame extinct.
1991 Apartheid: the South African Parliament repealed the Population Registration Act, which had required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.
1992 A ‘Joint Understanding’ agreement on arms reduction was signed by U.S. President George H. W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
1994 O.J. Simpson was arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman.
2015 – Nine people were killed in a mass shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina.
Sourced from NZ history Online & Wikipedia