357 – Emperor Constantius II entered Rome for the first time to celebrate his victory over Magnus Magnentius.
1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne was confirmed by election.
1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounded Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the very first time and declared it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the largest Catholic university in the world.
1715 Franz Sparry, composer, was born (d. 1767).
1758 James Monroe, 5th President of the United States, was born. (d. 1831).
1789 Mutiny on the Bounty: Captain William Bligh and 18 sailors were set adrift; the rebel crew returned to Tahiti briefly and then set sail for Pitcairn Island.
1792 France invaded the Austrian Netherlands (present day Belgium), beginning the French Revolutionary War.
1796 The Armistice of Cherasco was signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, the King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.
1862 American Civil War: Admiral David Farragut captured New Orleans.
1888 – The first British rugby team to tour New Zealand played its first match, against Otago at the Caledonian Ground in South Dunedin.
1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occured at 10:40 AM on this date.
1912 Odette Sansom, French resistance worker, was born (d. 1995).
1916 Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian automobile manufacturer, was born (d. 1993).
1920 Azerbaijan was added to the Soviet Union.
1922 Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist, was born (d. 1987).
1926 Harper Lee, American author, was born.
1930 The first night game in organised baseball history took place in Independence, Kansas.
1932 A vaccine for yellow fever was announced for use on humans.
1937 – Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq, was born (d. 2006).
1941 – Jack Hinton won the Victoria Cross.
1941 Ann-Margret, Swedish-born actress, was born.
1945 Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci were executed by a firing squad consisting of members of the Italian resistance movement.
1947 Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
1948 Terry Pratchett, English author, was born (d. 2015).
1949 Former First Lady of the Philippines Aurora Quezon, 61, was assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
1950 Jay Leno, American comedian and television host, was born.
1950 Bhumibol Adulyadej married Queen Sirikit.
1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigned as Supreme Commander of NATO.
1952 Occupied Japan: The United States occupation of Japan ended with the ratification of Treaty of San Francisco.
1952 The Sino-Japanese Peace Treaty (Treaty of Taipei) iwa signed in Taipei between Japan and the Republic of China to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
1956 Jimmy Barnes, Scottish-born singer, was born.
1960 Ian Rankin, Scottish novelist, was born.
1965 United States troops landed in the Dominican Republic to “forestall establishment of a Communist dictatorship” and to evacuate U.S. Army troops.
1967 Expo 67 opened to the public in Montreal.
1969 Charles de Gaulle resigned as President of France.
1969 – Terence O’Neill announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1970 Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon formally authorised American combat troops to fight communist sanctuaries in Cambodia.
1974 Penélope Cruz, Spanish actress, was born.
1977 The Red Army Faction trial ended with Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe found guilty of four counts of murder and more than 30 counts of attempted murder.
1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure was signed.
1978 President of Afghanistan, Mohammed Daoud Khan, was overthrown and assassinated in a coup led by pro-communist rebels.
1981 Jessica Alba, American actress, was born.
1986 The aircraft carrier USS Enterprise became the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier to transit the Suez Canal, navigating from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea to relieve the USS Coral Sea.
1987 American engineer Ben Linder was killed in an ambush by U.S. funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
1988 Near Maui, Hawaii, flight attendant Clarabelle “C.B.” Lansing was blown out of Aloha Flight 243, a Boeing 737 and fell to her death when part of the plane’s fuselage rips open in mid-flight.
1994 Former C.I.A. official Aldrich Ames pleaded guilty to giving U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and later Russia.
1996 Whitewater controversy: Bill Clinton gave a 4½ hour videotaped testimony for the defence.
1996 – In Tasmania Martin Bryant went on a shooting spree, killing 35 people and seriously injuring 21 more.
1997 – The 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention goes into effect, with Russia, Iraq and North Korea among the nations that have not ratified the treaty.
2001 – Millionaire Dennis Tito became the world’s first space tourist.
2008 – A train collision in Shandong, China, killed 72 people and injured 416 more.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia