83 BC Marcus Antonius, Roman politician, was born (d. 30 BC).
1301 Andrew III of Hungary died, ending the Arpad dynasty.
1514 Pope Leo X issued a papal bull against slavery
1724 – King Philip V of Spain abdicated the throne.
1761 The Third Battle of Panipat between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas. The Afghan victory changed the course of Indian History.
1784 United States Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
1806 – Charles Hotham, English-Australian soldier and politician, 1st Governor of Victoria, was born (d. 1855)
1814 Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden in return for Pomerania.
1845 – Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, English politician, 34th Governor-General of India, was born (d. 1927).
1875 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1965).
1883 – Nina Ricci, Italian-born French fashion designer (d. 1970)
1886 Hugh Lofting, English author, was born (d. 1947).
1891 Bob Fitzsimmons won the world middleweight boxing title.
1904 Sir Cecil Beaton, English photographer, was born (d. 1980).
1938 – Norway claimed Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
1940 Sir Trevor Nunn, English theatre director and film director, was born.
1941 Faye Dunaway, American actress, was born
1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill began the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of World War II.
1943 – Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to travel via aeroplane while in office when he travelled from Miami, Florida to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
1950The first prototype of the MiG-17 made its maiden flight.
1963 – Jim Sullivan began his broadcasting career at 3ZC in Timaru.
1970 Diana Ross & The Supremes’ final concert appearance at The Frontier Hotel- Las Vegas
1972 Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascended the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
1999 Toronto, Mayor Mel Lastman was the first mayor in Canada to call in the Army to help with emergency medical evacuations and snow removal after more than one meter of snow paralysed the city.
2005 Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn’s moon Titan
2010 – – Yemen declared an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.
2011 – The former president of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled his country to Saudi Arabia after a series of street demonstrations against his regime and corrupt policies, asking for freedom, rights and democracy, considered as the anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution and the birth of the Arab Spring.
Sourced from NZ History Online, the Otago Daily Times & Wikipedia.