630 – Prophet of Islam Muhammad led an army of 10,000 Muslims toconquer Mecca.
1055 – Theodora was crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.
1158 – Vladislav II became King of Bohemia.
1569 First recorded lottery in England.
1571 Austrian nobility were granted freedom of religion.
1693 Mt. Etna erupted in Sicily. A powerful earthquake destroyed parts of Sicily and Malta.
1786 Joseph Jackson Lister, English opticist and physicist, was born (d. 1869).
1787 William Herschel discovered Titania and Oberon, two moons of Uranus.
1807 Ezra Cornell, American businessman and university founder, was born (d. 1874).
1846 Ruapekapeka pa was occupied by British troops. Debate raged as to whether the pa was simply abandoned by its defenders or captured by the British.
was first delivered in bottles.
1879 The Anglo-Zulu War began.
1885 Jack Hoxie, American actor, rodeo performer, was born (d. 1965).
1885 – Alice Paul, American women’s rights activist, was born (d. 1977).
1915 –Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder Special Air Service, was born (d. 1955).
1919 Romania annexed Transylvania.
1922 First use of insulin to treat diabetes in a human patient.
1934 Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare, British computer scientist, was born.
1935 Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
1938 Arthur Scargill, British politician, was born.
1946 Tony Kaye, British piano and organ player (Yes), was born.
1949 First recorded case of snowfall in Los Angeles.
1957 The African Convention was founded in Dakar.
1962 An avalanche on Huascaran in Peru caused 4,000 deaths.
1964 – United States Surgeon General Dr. Luther Leonidas Terry, M.D., published a report saying that smoking may be hazardous to health – the first such statement made by the U.S. government.
1972 East Pakistan renamed itself Bangladesh.
1986 The Gateway Bridge, Brisbane in Queensland was officially opened.
1996 STS-72 launched from the Kennedy Space Centre marking the start of the 74th Space Shuttle mission and the 10th flight of Endeavour.
1998– Sidi-Hamed massacre in Algeria killed more than 100 people.
2007 – China conducted the first successful anti-satellite missile test of any nation since 1985.
2013 – One French soldier and 17 militants were killed in a failed attempt to free a French hostage in Bulo Marer, Somalia.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.