All the people like us are we, and everyone else is They. – Rudyard Kipling who was born on this day in 1865.
39 Titus, Roman emperor was born (d. 81).
1066 Granada massacre: A Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada, crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and massacred most of the Jewish population of the city.
1460 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield.
1835 Charles Darwin left New Zealand after a nine day visit.
This red gurnard was collected by Charles Darwin when the Beagle visited the Bay of Islands.
1865 – Rudyard Kipling, English writer, Nobel laureate, was born (d. 1936).
1875 – A.H. (Sir Alfred Hamish) Reed, publisher, author, entrepreneur, and walker and mountaineer, was born (d. 1975).
1919 – Lincoln’s Inn in London admitted its first female bar student.
1922 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed.
1927 The Ginza Line, the first subway line in Asia, opened in Tokyo, Japan.
1928 – Bo Diddley, American singer and musician, was born (d. 2008).
1931 Skeeter Davis, American singer, was born (d. 2004) .
1937 – Noel Paul Stookey, American folk singer (Peter, Paul & Mary), was born.
1940 California opened its first freeway the Arroyo Seco Parkway.
1942 – Michael Nesmith, American singer and musician (The Monkees) was born.
1945 Davy Jones, English singer (The Monkees), was born (d. 2012).
1950 Bjarne Stroustrup, Danish computer scientist, creator of C++, was born.
1959 Tracey Ullman, English actress and singer, was born.
1961 – Bill English, New Zealand’s Deputy Prime Minister, was born.
1965 Ferdinand Marcos became President of the Philippines.
1975 Tiger Woods, American golfer, was born.
1993 Israel and the Vatican established diplomatic relations.
2004 A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina killed 194.
2005 Tropical Storm Zeta formed in the open Atlantic Ocean.
2006 Madrid’s Barajas International Airport was bombed.
2006 Deposed President of Iraq Saddam Hussein, convicted of the executions of 148 Iraqi Shiites, was executed.
2013 – More than 100 people were killed when anti-government forces attacked key buildings in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Sourced from NZ History Online, Te Ara, Encyclopedia of NZ & Wikipedia.
Men are apt to mistake the strength of their feeling for the strength of their argument. The heated mind resents the chill touch and relentless scrutiny of logic. – William E. Gladstone who was born on this day in 1809.
1170 Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church.
1508 – Portuguese forces under the command of Francisco de Almeida attacked Khambhat at the Battle of Dabul.
1721 Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV of France, was born (d. 1764).
1800 Charles Goodyear, American inventor, was born (d. 1860).
1809 William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1898).
1835 The Treaty of New Echota was signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
1876 The Ashtabula River Railroad bridge disaster left 64 injured and 92 dead at Ashtabula, Ohio.
1880 Tuhiata, or Tuhi, was hanged in Wellington for the murder of the artist Mary Dobie at Te Namu Bay, Opunake. Tuhi wrote to the Governor days before his execution asking that ‘my bad companions, your children, beer, rum and other spirits die with me’.
1911 Sun Yat-sen became the provisional President of the Republic of China.
1911 Mongolia gained independence from the Qing dynasty.
1936 Mary Tyler Moore, American actress was born.
1939 First flight of the Consolidated B-24.
1941 – Birth of Ray Thomas, British musician (The Moody Blues).
1953 Alan Rusbridger, editor of The Guardian, was born.
1975 A bomb exploded at La Guardia Airport in New York City, killing 11 people and injuring 74.
1989 Václav Havel was elected president of Czechoslovakia – the first non-Communist to attain the post in more than four decades.
1997 – Hong Kong began to kill all the nation’s 1.25 million chickens to stop the spread of a potentially deadly influenza strain.
1998 Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologised for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over 1 million.
2003 The last known speaker of Akkala Sami – died, rendering the language that was spoken in the Sami villages of A´kkel and Ču´kksuâl, in the inland parts of the Kola Peninsula in Russia extinct.
2006 – UK settled its Anglo-American loan – post WWII loan debt.
2012 – A Tupolev Tu-204 airliner crashed in a ditch between the airport fence and the M3 highway after overshooting a runway at Vnukovo International Airport in Moscow, Russia, killing five people and leaving three others critically injured.
2013 – A suicide bomb attack at the Volgograd-1 railway station in the southern Russian city of Volgograd killed at least 18 people and wounded 40 others.
Sourced from NZ HIstory Online & Wikipedia.
Pullulate – to sprout or breed, send forth sprouts or buds; germinate; exist abundantly; swarm or teem; increase or spread prolifically or rapidly; be very crowded and lively.
Speak your mind, even if your voice shakes. – Dame Maggie Smith who turns 81 today.