1363 Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang—were pitted against each other in what is one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
1574 Guru Ram Das became the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.
1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu entered Edo Castle.
1720 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer, was born (d. 1796).
1791 HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day.
1797 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English writer, was born (d. 1851).
1799 Capture of the entire Dutch fleet by British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell during the Second Coalition of the French Revolutionary Wars.
1800 Gabriel Prosser led a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia.
1813 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1813 Creek War: Creek Red Sticks carried out the Fort Mims Massacre.
1835 Melbourne was founded.
1836 The city of Houston was founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen.
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Richmond: Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith routed a Union army under General Horatio Wright.
1862 – American Civil War: Union forces were defeated in Second Battle of Bull Run.
1871 Ernest Rutherford, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate, was born (d. 1937).
1873 – Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discovered the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
1903 Guide Joseph Warbrick and three tourists were killed instantly whenRoturua’s Waimangu geyser erupted unexpectedly.
1908 Fred MacMurray, American actor, was born (d. 1991).
1909 Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
1912 Nancy Wake AC GM, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent, was born (d. 2011).
1914 Battle of Tannenberg.
1918 Fanny Kaplan shot and seriously injured Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin.
1922 Battle of Dumlupinar, final battle in Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922).
1926 – Kawarau Falls dam became operational.
1930 Warren Buffett, American entrepreneur, was born.
1935 John Phillips, American singer/songwriter (The Mamas & the Papas), was born (d. 2001).
1942 World War II: Battle of Alam Halfa began.
1943 Jean-Claude Killy, French skier, was born.
1945 Hong Kong was liberated from Japan by British Armed Forces.
1945 – Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur landed at Atsugi Air Force Base.
1946 Peggy Lipton, American actress, was born.
1951 Dana, Irish singer and politician, was born.
1956 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened.
1962 Japan conducted a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft.
1963 Hotline between the leaders of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union went into operation.
1967 Thurgood Marshall was confirmed as the first African American Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1972 Cameron Diaz, American actress, was born.
1974 A Belgrade–Dortmund express train derailed at the main train station in Zagreb killing 153 passengers.
1974 – A powerful bomb exploded at the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries headquarters in Marunouchi, Tokyo – 8 killed, 378 injured.
1984 The Space Shuttle Discovery took off on its maiden voyage.
1995 – NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
1999 – East Timor voted for independence from Indonesia in a referendum.
2003 – While being towed across the Barents Sea, the de-commissioned Russian submarine K-159 sank, taking 9 of her crew and 800 kg of spent nuclear fuel with her.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia