June 22 in history

217 BC  Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeated Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom.

168 BC  Battle of Pydna: Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus defeated and captured Macedonian King Perseus, ending the Third Macedonian War.

1593 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeated the Turks.

1633  The Holy Office in Rome forced Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.

1680 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter, was born  (d. 1754).

1713 Lord John Philip Sackville, English MP and cricketer, was born  (d. 1765).

1757 George Vancouver, British explorer, was born  (d. 1798).

1783  A poisonous cloud from Laki volcanic eruption in Iceland reached Le Havre in France .

1825  The British Parliament abolished feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.

1844  North American fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon was founded at Yale University.

1845 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) was born (d. 1868).

1848  Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.

1856  H. Rider Haggard, English author, was born  (d. 1925).

1887 Julian Huxley, British biologist, was born (d. 1975).

1893  The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rammed the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sank taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet’s commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.

1897  British colonial officers Rand and Ayerst were assassinated in Pune, Maharashtra, India by the Chapekar brothers and Ranade. They are considered the first martyrs to the cause of India’s freedom from Britain.

1898  Spanish-American War: United States Marines landed in Cuba.

1906 Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American author and pilot, was born  (d. 2001).

1906  The Flag of Sweden was adopted.

1907  The London Underground’s Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opened.

1910  John Hunt, Leader of the 1953 British Expedition to Mount Everest, was born (d. 1998).

1911  George V and Mary of Teck were crowned King and Queen.

1918  The Hammond circus train wreck killed 86 and injured 127 near Hammond, Indiana.

1919  The Flag of the Faroe Islands was raised for the first time.

1922 Bill Blass, American fashion designer, was born (d. 2002).

1922  Herrin massacre: 19 strikebreakers and 2 union miners were killed in Herrin, Illinois.

1932 Prunella Scales, English actress, was born.

1936 Kris Kristofferson, American singer/songwriter and actor, was born.

1940 France was forced to sign the Second Compiègne armistice with Germany.

1941  Germany invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa. Russian The 22 June song is devoted to this day.

1941  The June Uprising in Lithuania began.

1941  Various Communist and Socialist French Resistance movements merged to one group.

1942  Erwin Rommel was promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk.

1944 Peter Asher, British singer, guitarist and producer (Peter & Gordon), was born.

1944  Opening day of the Soviet Union’s Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre.

1949 Meryl Streep, American actress. was born.

1953 – Cyndi Lauper, American singer, was born.

1954  Pauline Parker, 16, and her best friend Juliet Hulme, 15,  killed Pauline’s mother, Honora, in Victoria Park, Christchurch.

Parker-Hulme murder in Christchurch

1957 Garry Gary Beers, Australian bassist from group INXS, was born.

1957  The Soviet Union launched an R-12 missile for the first time (in Kapustin Yar).

1962  An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashed in bad weather in Guadeloupe, West Indies killing 113.

1964 Dan Brown, American author, was born.

1969  The Cuyahoga River caught fire, which triggered a crack-down on pollution in the river.

1978 Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, was discovered.

1984 Virgin Atlantic Airways launched with its first flight from London Heathrow Airport.

2003  The largest hailstone ever recorded fell in Aurora, Nebraska

2009 June 22, 2009 Washington Metro train collision: Two Metro trains collided  in Washington, D.C., killing 9 and injuring over 80.

2009 – Eastman Kodak Company announced that it would discontinue sales of the Kodachrome Color Film, concluding its 74-year run as a photography icon.

2012 – Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo is removed from office by impeachment and succeeded by Federico Franco.

2012 – A Turkish Air Force McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter plane was shot down by the Syrian Armed Forces, killing both of the plane’s pilots and worsening already-strained relations between Turkey and Syria.

Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia

16 Responses to June 22 in history

  1. Gravedodger says:

    1633 the religious leaders forced scientist supporter of Copernicus theory that the sun was the center of the solar system to recant.
    2015 marxist head of the catholic church is setting himself up as an expert on climate change.

    Two things there:
    Did the church ever apologise to Galileo and or his family for what has been subsequently proved as a massive mistake that wrought serious sancton.
    Will the remaining leadership have any thought as to an equally serious manipulation of potential errors around the influence of human activity on a natural phenomenom that has been occurring since the height of the last great ice age.

    Of course Pope Pius IX declared that popes are infallable so at least that aspect is settled, I guess nothing else to say.

  2. Andrei says:

    I guess you are a “proddy” GD

    Part 1

    Of course neither the Sun nor the Earth are center of the Universe, its all relative you see and mathematically you choose the origin ( mathematical speak for what we loosely call the center) in a manner that makes doing the sums simple.

    When studying the mechanics of the Solar system the Sun is the natural choice for the origin but for calculating the orbits of artificial satellites ’tis much simpler to use the Center of the Earth as your origin.

    I could wax lyrical for hours on choosing an appropriate co-ordinate systems and transformations between different choices

    This ultimately leads to the theories of relativity (Special and General) of course

  3. Andrei says:

    I guess you are a “proddy” GD

    Part 2

    For most people the “center of the Universe” is themselves of course

    The Galileo thing, Papal infallibility and so forth are examples of Western Hubris and an example of people building their world view around themselves and where they are

    This hubris had led to the Great Schism centuries before either were pronounced of course.

    You and I both do a double take about the Papal Climate Change pronouncement – you scorn but I don’t, rather I sigh.

    When I was in my mid teens an old Hieromonk shared a prophecy concerning the Western World and its Christianity which seemed absurd then

    But it seems ever more plausible by the day……..

  4. JC says:

    “Did the church ever apologise to Galileo and or his family for what has been subsequently proved as a massive mistake that wrought serious sancton.”

    Sort of.. in a backasswards way. In 1741 Benedict XIV ordered the Holy Office to approve the first edition of the “Complete Works Of Galileo”.

    As for heliocentrism itself the Church required proof but Galileo couldn’t do it (it would be nearly another century for the proof to come). The Church then suggested if be deemed a hypothesis But Galileo was going for broke until finally he publicly lampooned his protector Pope Urban who then allowed a case to be taken against him.

    Francis is in a dangerous place.. he’s trying to rehabilitate “Liberation Theology”.. a Marxist doctrine born in South America by radical priests in which everything must be seen through the eyes of the poor, that capitalism is greed and evil and all non poor people are tyrants abusing the poor.
    Naturally Francis sees climate change as brought about by greedy evil men using capitalism to crush the poor and ruin the natural world.

    Like most of the activists in science, religion and politics Francis sees climate change as the vehicle to transfer wealth to the poor and power to his co-religionists on the left.

    JC

  5. Andrei says:

    Francis is in a dangerous place.. he’s trying to rehabilitate “Liberation Theology”.. a Marxist doctrine born in South America by radical priests in which everything must be seen through the eyes of the poor, that capitalism is greed and evil and all non poor people are tyrants abusing the poor.

    My God you have been brainwashed

    Consider the ex President of Bolivia Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada who spent most of his life living in the USA, from childhood and could barely speak Spanish, who applied “economic shock therapy” to Bolivia a la the Chicago school of Economics (where he went to school) and the resources of Bolivia become the property of American based multinationals – the locals even paying them for their own water in some places and being prevented by law from collecting rain water from their own roofs.

    I am a free market capitalist but what has been sold to you as free market capitalism is the rich and powerful using their power to line their own pockets at the expense of the poor – even using extreme violence against them to keep them in their place.

    Wealthy Americans have been looting South America for generations, even using the US Military on occasion as muscle to make sure their interests are protected against those of the indigenous poor who live there.

  6. JC says:

    “Wealthy Americans have been looting South America for generations, even using the US Military on occasion as muscle to make sure their interests are protected against those of the indigenous poor who live there.”

    A more accurate picture can be seen in Venezuela right now.. after many years of hating on the US and making big promises to the poor the country is near enough bankrupt amidst the reported 3rd highest oil and gas reserves in the world.

    The next bit is also wearyingly familiar.. Venezuela has quietly sold one of its oil facilities to a US firm. The cash will provide a stop gap to pay for some promise or subsidy to the poor, the US firm will be told to increase production to create more royalties and when the facility is modernised and efficient it will be renationalised, the US company kicked out and the President will beat his little nationalistic drum and ramp up the hate on the US again saying the Yanks stole all the wealth.

    Sth America is its own worst enemy and like the Greeks has a genius for blaming someone else for its own failures.

    JC

  7. Will Dwan says:

    I think the Washington Consensus treatment failed in South America because they lack the robust property rights necessary for free market capitalism to flourish.

    But that does not negate what JC says. I doubt the Pope gives a damn about the climate, it’s just a tool for redistribution.

  8. Andrei says:

    Sth America is its own worst enemy and like the Greeks has a genius for blaming someone else for its own failures.

    You have been completely indoctrinated JC

    Venezuela became a pariah when Hugo Chavez took back control of its natural resources and the United States in their fury have made life as difficult as possible for Venezuela with embargoes, sanctions and so forth.

    They even organized a military coup to overthrow Hugo Chavez back in 2002 to replace him with a vassal – fortunately this failed when the people, including the army refused to co operate with the quizlings installed by Washington DC.

    I will see if I can find on Youtube White house officials congratulating Venezuela on its new (undemocratically installed) Government only having to back track 48 hours later with egg on their faces when ordinary Venezuelans (not the ones that live in Miami) took their country back .

    Venezuela is potentially one of the richest nations on the planet with wealth that which Western Oligarchs believe they should control by divine right.

  9. Gravedodger says:

    When an oil rich nation runs out of Toilet Paper it is hard to see how anyone can Blame Uncle Sam surely Vlad could have sent some.

    Nah Venezuela is just one more bit of evidence of the failure of socialism and Frankie could do well to help the poor bastards out.
    I mean no loo paper? I remember well how great the old phone book was and they were very well dispensed one page at a time after the Book was sliced in half, only trouble was the book lasted for a lot longer than now and I note it is not to be delivered only available on request.

    Frankie has many issues that are far more deleterious to his flock than whatever might be coming from a gradual climb out of the last iceage.

  10. Andrei says:

    When an oil rich nation runs out of Toilet Paper it is hard to see how anyone can Blame Uncle Sam surely Vlad could have sent some

    How do you know this happened GD? Or the extent of the problem if it did?

    Not everything you see in the paper is true you know – and a lot of what you do is distorted beyond recognition.

    The toilet paper story confirms your prejudices so you believe it without question. Without a hint of skepticism.

    I don’t know the truth or otherwise of the “toilet paper” story but there are plenty of stories we have been fed that have just been planted to make us hate someone

    For example the notorious babies thrown from incubators by Saddam Hussein’s henchmen which was uncritically accepted by all but turned out to be a straight out LIE pure and simple, promoted by an American PR firm called Hill & Knowlton .

    The spirit of Joseph Goebbels is alive and well believe me.

  11. Gravedodger says:

    OTT Andrei running out of basics in an oil rich nation when oil is an international currency is obscene get off the pot.
    Reverting to Godwin is counter productive.

  12. Andrei says:

    Not over the top GD – You don’t know that they did run out of toilet paper!

    You only think you know it. You have been told they ran out of toilet paper by people who do not like the Government of Venezuela and will disparage it in anyway they can.

    It is when it comes down to it the constitutionally elected Government of Venezuela (that means chosen by the people who live in Venezuela at the ballot box) represents them and their interests and they can constitutionally replace it if they want to

    Do you really believe that the poor of Venezuela were impoverished by their current Government?

    Do you really think that he ruined their nation that they lived a life style of Southern Californian yuppies until they foolishly voted in Hugo Chavez?

    Phtttttt

  13. Gravedodger says:

    I do not “know” that Scot reached the South Pole, neither do I “know” Neil Armstrong stepped on the lunar surface but using my cognitive abilities I have reached a belief that those two events actually did happen.

    With sufficient evidence from reputable sources that Venuzuelan shoppers are queueing for basic goods while under the governments of Chavez and following his death, his successors, I have decided on such evidence to believe it is very likely, to the point of including in my beliefs.

    In my simple world that you may well regard as spiritually diminished and shallow, I regard Venezuela as a human created tragedy and at the same time accept your desire to apportion blame as I have little truck for much of what the US, The EU, or any other political grouping do in their pursuit of power and you can add all churches and the UN to that big black hole.

    You are welcome to question such arrogance Andrei as you are, in our present era, welcome and able to take your position on personal beliefs around God, an afterlife and other matters we will differ on.

    Should I be forced to choose between Venezuela and North Korea as a place to live, my first response would be a definite ‘neither’, should push come to shove, Venezuela on the basis of climate, weather and political, would be a reluctant choice.

    Now to return to my original point on the head of the Roman Catholic Church taking his position on the gradual warming since the last great ice age with all the power that flows from his office, I will not resile from my opinion there are far greater matters he could address with much more opportunity to make life so much better, safer and more comfortable for followers of his religion, and the rest of humanity on this spark in the universe we are able to share.

    Have a really nice day.

  14. Tom Hunter says:

    Twice in its history the United Nations has gone to war. Once in Korea and the second time to remove Saddam Hussein from Kuwait. On both occasions the United States carried the bulk of the burden and on both occasions the war was left unfinished with the mission ending with the restoration of the status quo as it was before the war. And the United States left with the burden of maintaining that position.
    ….
    The sad fact is all over the world tyrannies still exist that oppress their citizens and violate their human rights. We need to stand against them but to do so effectively means standing for something meaningful ourselves. And I am not sure that we do.
    ….
    It is a reflexive position to claim the worlds problems as a consequence of colonialism.
    ….
    In truth every pathological nation in the world today has always been pathological and in many cases the colonial powers bought the only respite from this state they have ever known – not that this was necessarily a great improvement in some cases

  15. Andrei says:

    You do not say from whence your quote is sourced Tom Hunter

    In response to this except though

    Matthew 7

    3 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

    4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye?

    5 Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother’s eye.

    And herein lies our dilemma – it is axiomatic that we are good and act with the noblest of intentions while those others…….

    ….. are barbarians (from βάρβαρος Barbaros one who does not speak Greek)

    We are a tribal species venal and greedy, don’t kid yourself otherwise and if someone has something we covet we are not above using violence to take it.

    And we are driven by self interest and the ability to deceive ourselves that those things that are in our interests are in everyone’s best interests even in the case it is patently obvious they are not.

    By defining a nation as pathological you provide the excuse to attack it and its people – it has always been this way and probably always will.

    This famous quote from Herman Göring is almost chilling

    Göring: Why, of course, the people don’t want war. Why would some poor slob on a farm want to risk his life in a war when the best that he can get out of it is to come back to his farm in one piece? Naturally, the common people don’t want war; neither in Russia nor in England nor in America, nor for that matter in Germany. That is understood. But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship.
    Gilbert: There is one difference. In a democracy, the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare wars.
    Göring: Oh, that is all well and good, but, voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.

    And explains why the late Hugo Chavez was often described as a dictator even though he was constitutionally elected – not because he was a dictator but because he did not bend to will of our cultural leaders.

    In truth what post people could tell you about Venezuela you could write on the back of a postage stamp and one factoid might well be that they have a toilet paper shortage (which may or may not be true or perhaps is based on a trivial incident where a supermarket ran out of toilet paper in Caracas some years ago)

  16. Will Dwan says:

    You contradict yourself Andrei, one moment you present us as greedy individuals motivated by self-interest, then as a hapless mob, easily manipulated by Machiavellian rulers. Men willingly fight for all sorts of selfish reasons – opportunity, land, women, wealth, etc, and altruistic ones – national defense, religion, freedom, their children.

    Nazis are failures, not teachers.

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