43 BC Ovid, Roman poet, was born (d. 17 AD).
1600 – The Linköping Bloodbath.
1602 The Dutch East India Company was established.
1616 Sir Walter Raleigh was freed from the Tower of London after 13 years of imprisonment.
1737 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand, was born (d. 1809).
1760 The “Great Fire” of Boston, Massachusetts destroyed 349 buildings.
1815 After escaping from Elba, Napoleon entered Paris with a regular army of 140,000 and a volunteer force of around 200,000, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule.
1834 New Zealand’s first flag was chosen.
1848 Ludwig I of Bavaria abdicated.
1861 An earthquake completely destroyed Mendoza, Argentina.
1883 The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was signed.
1888 The premiere of the first Romani language operetta was staged in Moscow.
1913 – Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese Nationalist Party, was wounded in an assassination attempt and died 2 days later.
1917 Vera Lynn, English actress and singer, was born.
1922 The USS Langley (CV-1) was commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.
1937 Lois Lowry, American children’s author, was born.
1939 Brian Mulroney, former Prime Minister of Canada, was born.
1942 General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, made his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: “I came out of Bataan and I shall return”.
1950 Carl Palmer, English drummer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer), was born.
1956 Tunisia gained independence from France.
1957 David Foster, Australian woodchopper, was born.
1958 Holly Hunter, American actress, was born.
1979 Keven Mealamu, New Zealand rugby player, was born.
1980 The Radio Caroline ship, Mi Amigo foundered in a gale off the English coast.
1987 The Food and Drug Administration approved the anti-AIDS drug, AZT.
1988 Eritrean War of Independence: The Eritrean People’s Liberation Front entered the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.
1990 Imelda Marcos, went on trial for bribery, embezzlement, and racketeering.
1993 An IRA bomb killed two children in Warrington, Northwest England.
1995 A sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway killed 12 and wounds 1,300 people.
1999 Legoland California, the only Legoland outside Europe, opened in Carlsbad.
2003 2003 invasion of Iraq: In the early hours of the morning, the United States and three other countries begin military operations in Iraq.
2004 – Stephen Harper won the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party’s first leader.
2005 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hit Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years. One person was killed, hundreds are injured and evacuated.
2006 Cyclone Larry made landfall in eastern Australia, destroying most of the country’s banana crop.
2006 More than 150 Chadian soldiers were killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC seeking to overthrow Chad president Idriss Deby.
2006 Chris and Cru Kahui, New Zealand murder victims were born.