1229 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor declared himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.
1314 Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, was burned at the stake.
1438 Albert II of Habsburg became King of Germany.
1766 The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, which had been very unpopular in the British colonies.
1834 Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle were sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
1837 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United States, was born (d. 1908).
1858 Rudolf Diesel, German inventor, was born (d. 1913).
1865 The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourned for the last time.
1869 Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1940).
1893 Wilfred Owen, British poet, was born (d 1918).
1906 Traian Vuia flew the first self-propelled heavier-than-air aircraft in Europe.
1915 Richard Condon, American novelist, was born (d. 1996).
1915 Three battleships were sunk during a failed British and French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
1921 The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union.
1922 – The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, was held in New York City.
1925 The Tri-State Tornado hit the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois and Indiana, killing 695 people.
1928 Fidel V. Ramos, 12th President of the Philippines, was born.
1932 John Updike, American author, was born (d. 2009).
1936 Frederik Willem de Klerk, President of South Africa, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, was born.
1937 The New London School explosion killed three hundred, mostly children.
1937 – Spanish Republican forces defeated the Italians at the Battle of Guadalajara.
1937 – The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flew1 kilometre (0.62 mi) outside Milan.
1938 Charley Pride, American musician, was born.
1938 Mexico nationalised all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.
1941 New Zealand troops arrived in Greece to bolster Allied defences.
1944 – Dick Smith, Australian Adventurer and Businessman, was born.
1944 The eruption of Mount Vesuvius killed 26 and causes thousands to flee their homes.
1945 Joy Fielding, Canadian novelist and actress, was born.
1945 World War II: 1,250 American bombers attacked Berlin.
1947 Patrick Barlow, English actor, comedian and playwright, was born.
1949 Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player, was born (d. 2010).
1950 John Hartman, American drummer (Doobie Brothers), was born.
1951 Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry’s ice cream, was born.
1953 An earthquake hit western Turkey, killing 250.
1960 James MacPherson, Scottish actor, was born.
1962 The Evian Accords put an end to the Algerian War of Independence.
1967 The supertanker Torrey Canyon ran aground off the Cornish coast.
1968 Gold standard: The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.
1971 A landslide at Chungar, Peru crashed into Lake Yanahuani killing 200.
1974 Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations ended a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan.
1980 At Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people were killed by an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation.
1989 A 4,400-year-old mummy was found near the Pyramid of Cheops.
1996 A nightclub fire in Quezon City, Philippines killed 162.
1997 The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 on board and leading to the grounding of all An-24s.
2003 – British Sign Language was recognised as an official British language.
2012 – Tupou VI became King of Tonga.
2014 – The parliaments of Russia and Crimea signed an accession treaty.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia