1032 Emperor Yingzong, of China, was born (d. 1067).
1770 Captain James Cook sighted what he called Banks Island but later discovered was a peninsula.
1852 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
1859 The French Government passed a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
1899 – Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland‘s first football club was founded.
1923 – Howard Carter unsealed the burial chamber of Pharoh Tutankhamun.
1926 Margot Frank, German-born Dutch Jewish holocaust victim, was born (d. 1945).
1934 – Austrian Civil War ended with the defeat of the Social Democrats and the Republican Schutzbund.
1936 – Elections brought the Popular Front to power in Spain.
1941 – Kim Jong-il, North Korean leader, was born (d. 2011).
1947 – Canadians were granted Canadian citizenship after 80 years of being British subjects. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King became the first Canadian citizen.
1954 – Iain Banks, Scottish author, was born.
1956 Vincent Ward, New Zealand director and screenwriter, was born.
1957 The “Toddlers’ Truce“, a controversial television close down between 6.00pm and 7.00pm was abolished in the United Kingdom.
1959 John McEnroe, American tennis player, was born.
1960 Pete Willis, English guitarist (Def Leppard), was born.
1961 – Explorer program: Explorer 9 (S-56a) was launched.
1973 Cathy Freeman, Australian athlete, was born.
1978 – The first computer bulletin board system was created (CBBS in Chicago, Illinois).
1983 – The Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia claimed the lives of 75 people.
1985 – The founding of Hezbollah.
1986 – The Soviet liner Mikhail Lermontov ran aground in the Marlborough Sounds.
1987 – The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being a Nazi guard dubbed “Ivan the Terrible” in Treblinka extermination camp, started in Jerusalem.
1991 – Nicaraguan Contras leader Enrique Bermúdez was assassinated in Managua.
1999 – Across Europe Kurdish rebels took over embassies and hold hostages after Turkey arrested one of their rebel leaders, Abdullah Öcalan.
2005 – The Kyoto Protocol came into force, following its ratification by Russia.
2005 – The National Hockey League cancelled the entire 2004-2005 regular season and playoffs, becoming the first major sports league in North America to do so over a labour dispute.
2006 – The last Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) was decommissioned by the United States Army.
2013 – A bomb blast at a market in Hazara Town in Quetta, Pakistan, killed more than 80 people and injures 190 others.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia