1649 The claimant King Charles II of England and Scotland was declared King of Scotland.
1725 James Otis, American lawyer and patriot, was born (d. 1783).
1782 Spanish defeat British forces and capture Minorca.
1783 In Calabria, Italy, a sequence of strong earthquakes started.
1788 Robert Peel, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was born (d. 1850).
1818 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascended to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
1840 John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish inventor, was born (d. 1921).
1840 Hiram Stevens Maxim, American inventor (Maxim gun), was born (d. 1916).
1878 André Citroën, French automobile pioneer, was born (d. 1935).
1867 New Zealand’s third public railway, the 27-kilometre line between Invercargill and the port at Bluff, built by the Southland Provincial Council, opened.
1900 The United States and the United Kingdom signed a treaty for the Panama Canal.
1908 – Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins, were born (d. 1969).
1911 – Pioneering aviator Vivian Walsh made the first controlled powered flight in New Zealand.
1917 The current constitution of Mexico was adopted, establishing a federal republic with powers separated into independent executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
1917 – The Congress of the United States passed the Immigration Act of 1917 over President Woodrow Wilson‘s veto. Also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, it forbade immigration from nearly all of south and southeast Asia.
1918 Stephen W. Thompson shot down a German airplane, the first aerial victory by the U.S. military.
1920 Frank Muir, British comedian, was born (d. 1998).
1924 The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the “BBC pips”.
1942 Cory Wells, American singer (Three Dog Night), was born.
1958 – A hydrogen bomb known as the Tybee Bomb was lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, never to be recovered.
1964 Duff McKagan, American musician (Guns N’ Roses), was born.
1972 Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, was born.
1994 More than 60 people were killed and some 200 wounded when a mortar shell hit a downtown marketplace in Sarajevo.
1997 – The “Big Three” banks in Switzerland announced the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families.
2004 Twenty-three Chinese people drowned when a group of 35 cockle-pickers was trapped by rising tides in Morecambe Bay, England. .
2008 – A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States left 57 dead.
2009 The United States Navy guided missile cruiser Port Royal ran aground off Oahu, Hawaii, damaging the ship and a coral reef.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.