1325 – Alfonso IV became King of Portugal.
1558 – France took Calais, the last continental possession of England.
1782 The first American commercial bank, the Bank of North America, opened.
1827 Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time, was born (d. 1915).
1894 W.K. Dickson received a patent for motion picture film.
1895 – Sir Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and co-founder of QANTAS, was born (d. 1974).
1912 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist, was born (d. 1988).
1925 – Gerald Durrell, British naturalist , was born (d. 1995).
1927 The first transatlantic telephone call was made – from New York to London.
1931 Australian Guy Menzies completed the first Trans-Tasman flight when he flew from Sydneyand crash-landed in a swamp at Harihari on the West Coast.
1943 Sir Richard Armstrong, British conductor, was born.
1948 Kenny Loggins, American singer, was born.
1951 Helen Worth, British actress, was born.
1953 President Harry Truman announced that the United States had developed the hydrogen bomb.
1960 The Polaris missile was test launched.
1968 Surveyor 7, the final spacecraft in the Surveyor series, lifted off from launch complex 36A, Cape Canaveral.
1980 President Jimmy Carter authorised legislation giving $1.5 billion in loans to bail out the Chrysler Corporation.
1999The impeachment of President Bill Clinton started.
2010 – – Muslim gunmen in Egypt opened fire on a crowd of Coptic Christians leaving church after celebrating a midnight Christmas mass, killing eight of them as well as one Muslim bystander.
2012 – A hot air balloon crashed near Carterton, New Zealand, killing all 11 people on board.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.