70 Roman forces under Titus sacked Jerusalem.
1151 King Richard I of England, was born (d. 1199).
1331 Stephen Uroš IV Dušan declared himself king of Serbia.
1380 Battle of Kulikovo – Russian forces defeated a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols, stopping their advance.
1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress – Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.
1504 Michelangelo’s David was unveiled in Florence.
1514 Battle of Orsha – in one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeated the Russian army.
1565 The Knights of Malta lifted the Turkish siege of Malta that began on May 18.
1727 A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire killed 78 people.
1755 French and Indian War: Battle of Lake George.
1756 French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
1793 French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Hondschoote.
1796 French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Bassano – French forces defeated Austrian troops at Bassano del Grappa.
1841 Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer, was born (d. 1904).
1863 American Civil War: Second Battle of Sabine Pass – on the Texas-Louisiana border at the mouth of the Sabine River, a small Confederate force thwarted a Union invasion of Texas.
1886 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet, was born (d. 1967).
1892 The Pledge of Allegiance was first recited.
1900 Galveston Hurricane killed about 8,000 people.
1914 World War I: Private Thomas Highgate became the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.
1921 Harry Secombe, Welsh entertainer, was born (d. 2001).
1921 – 16-year-old Margaret Gorman won the Atlantic City Pageant’s Golden Mermaid trophy; pageant officials later dubbed her the first Miss America.
1923 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers ran aground off the California coast, seven people died.
1925 Peter Sellers, English actor, was born (d. 1980).
1930 3M began marketing Scotch transparent tape.
1932 Patsy Cline, American singer, was born (d. 1963).
1934 A fire aboard the passenger liner SS Morro Castle killed 135 people.
1941 World War II: Siege of Leningrad began.
1943 World War II: United States General Dwight D. Eisenhower publicly announced the Allied armistice with Italy.
1944 World War II: London was hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
1945 Cold War: United States troops arrived to partition the southern part of Korea in response to Soviet troops occupying the northern part of the peninsula a month earlier.
1945 Ron Pigpen McKernan, American musician (Grateful Dead), was born (d. 1973).
1947 Benjamin Orr, American bassist and singer (The Cars), was born (d. 2000).
1951 Treaty of San Francisco: 48 nations signed a peace treaty with Japan in formal recognition of the end of the Pacific War.
1954 New Zealand signed the Manila Pact which established the South East Asia Treaty Organisation – SEATO.
1959 The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) was established.
1960 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally dedicates the Marshall Space Flight Center.
1962 Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 Evening Star.
1966 The Severn Bridge was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
1967 The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.
1968 The Beatles performed their last live TV performance on the David Frost show – singing their new hit “Hey Jude“.
1970 Hijacking (and subsequent destruction) of three airliners to Jordan by Palestinians.
1991 The Republic of Macedonia became independent.
1993 Chinese athlete Wang Junxia set a new women’s 10,000 m world record of 29:31.78, breaking the former record by 42 seconds.
1994 A USAir Boeing 737 crashes in Hopewell Township, Pennsylvania.
2004 NASA’s unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-landed when its parachute failed to open.
2005 Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft landed at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.
2013 – 11 people are killed in a train collision in Iași County, Romania.