70 Titus and his Roman legions breached the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem.
1257 Kraków received city rights.
1305 – Raymond Bertrand de Got became Pope Clement V, succeeding Pope Benedict XI who died one year earlier.
1723 Adam Smith, Scottish economist, was born (d. 1790).
1798 The Battle of New Ross: The attempt to spread United Irish Rebellion into Munster was defeated.
1817 The first Great Lakes steamer, the Frontenac, is launched.
1829 HMS Pickle captured the armed slave ship Voladora off the coast of Cuba.
1832 The June Rebellion broke out in Paris in an attempt to overthrow the monarchy of Louis-Philippe.
1849 Denmark became a constitutional monarchy by the signing of a new constitution.
1851 Harriet Beecher Stowe’s anti-slavery serial, Uncle Tom’s Cabin or, Life Among the Lowly starts a ten-month run in the National Era abolitionist newspaper.
1862 As the Treaty of Saigon was signed, ceding parts of southern Vietnam to France, the guerrilla leader Truong Dinh decided to defy Emperor Tu Duc of Vietnam and fight on against the Europeans.
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Piedmont: Union forces under General David Hunter defeated a Confederate army at Piedmont, Virginia, taking nearly 1,000 prisoners.
1866 East Coast military leader and prophet, Te Kooti, was deported with Pai Marire prisoners to the Chatham Islands.
1878 Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary, was born (d. 1923).
1879 Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist, was born (d. 1985).
1883 – John Maynard Keynes, English economist, was born (d. 1946).
1888 The Rio de la Plata Earthquake took place.
1898 Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet, lyricist and dramatist, was born (d. 1936).
1900 Second Boer War: British soldiers took Pretoria.
1905 Jock Cameron, South African cricketer, Wisden COY 1936, was born (d. 1935).
1915 Denmark amended its constitution to allow women’s suffrage.
1917 World War I: Conscription began in the United States as “Army registration day”.
1932 Christy Brown, Irish author, was born (d. 1981).
1933 The U.S. Congress abrogated the United States’ use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
1936 Connie Hines, American actress, was born (d. 2009).
1939 Margaret Drabble, English novelist, was born.
1941 Four thousand people were asphyxiated in a bomb shelter during the Bombing of Chongqing.
1942 World War II: United States declared war on Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania.
1944 World War II: More than 1000 British bombers drop 5,000 tons of bombs on German gun batteries on the Normandy coast in preparation for D-Day.
1945 The Allied Control Council, the military occupation governing body of Germany, formally takes power.
1946 Freddie Stone, American guitarist (Sly & the Family Stone), was born.
1946 A fire in the LaSalle Hotel in Chicago, Illinois kills 61 people.
1947 Tom Evans, English musician (Badfinger), was born (d. 1983).
1947 Marshall Plan: In a speech at Harvard University, United States Secretary of State George Marshall called for economic aid to war-torn Europe.
1949 Ken Follett, Welsh author, was born.
1956 Elvis Presley introduced his new single, “Hound Dog“, on The Milton Berle Show, scandalizing the audience with his suggestive hip movements.
1959 The first government of the State of Singapore was sworn in.
1963 British Secretary of State for War John Profumo resigned in a sex scandal known as the Profumo Affair.
1963 – Movement of 15 Khordad: Protest against arrest of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini by Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. In several cities, masses of angry demonstrators are confronted by tanks and paratroopers.
1964 DSV Alvin was commissioned.
1967 Six-Day War began: The Israeli air force launched simultaneous pre-emptive attacks on the air forces of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
1968 U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy was shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California by Palestinian Sirhan Sirhan.
1969 The International communist conference began in Moscow.
1975 The Suez Canal opened for the first time since the Six-Day War.
1975 – The United Kingdom holds its first and only country-wide referendum, on remaining in the European Economic Community (EEC).
1976 Collapse of the Teton Dam in Idaho, United States.
1977 A coup took place in Seychelles.
1977 – The Apple II, the first practical personal computer, goes on sale.
1981 The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that five people in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems, in what was the first recognized cases of AIDS.
1989 The Unknown Rebel halted the progress of a column of advancing tanks for over half an hour after the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
1995 The Bose-Einstein condensate was first created.
1998 A strike began at the General Motors parts factory in Flint, Michigan, that quickly spreads to five other assembly plants (the strike lasted seven weeks).
2001 U.S. Senator Jim Jeffords left the Republican Party, which shifted control of the United States Senate from the Republicans to the Democratic Party.
2001 Tropical Storm Allison made landfall on the upper-Texas coastline as a strong tropical storm and dumps large amounts of rain over Houston. The storm caused $5.5 billion in damages, making Allison the costliest tropical storm in U.S. history.
2003 A severe heat wave across Pakistan and India reached its peak, as temperatures exceed 50°C (122°F) in the region.
2006 Serbia declared independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
2009 – After 65 straight days of civil disobedience, at least 31 people were killed in clashes between security forces and indigenous people near Bagua, Peru.
2012 – Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker became first U.S. Governor to survive a recall election.
Sourced from NZ History & Wikipedia.