306 – Martyrdom of Saint Barbara.
771 – Austrasian King Carloman died, leaving his brother Charlemagne King of the complete Frankish Kingdom.
1110 – First Crusade: The Crusaders sacked Sidon.
1259 – Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agreed to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounced his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1563 – The final session of the Council of Trent was held (it opened on December 13, 1545).
1676 – Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engaged the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.
1795 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and historian, was born (d. 1881) .
1835 Samuel Butler, English writer, was born (d. 1902).
1881 The first edition of the Los Angeles Times was published.
1892 Francisco Franco, dictator of Spain, was born (d. 1975).
1930 Ronnie Corbett, Scottish actor, was born.
1939 – HMS Nelson was struck by a mine (laid by U-31) off the Scottish coast.
1942 – In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Krahelska-Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization.
1942 – Carlson’s patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign ended.
1943 – World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Tito proclaimed a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
1943 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closed down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.
1945 – By a vote of 65 to 7, the United States Senate approved United States participation in the United Nations
1949 Pamela Stephenson, New Zealand-born actress, was born.
1954 The first Burger King opened in Miami, Florida.
1958 – Dahomey (present-day Benin) became a self-governing country within the French Community.
1966 – The state monopoly on commercial radio broadcasting was challenged by the pirate station Radio Hauraki’s first scheduled transmission from the vessel Tiri in the Colville Channel.
1971 – McGurk’s Bar bombing: An Ulster Volunteer Force bomb kills 15 civilians and wounds 17 in Belfast.
1977 – Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 is hijacked and crashed in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.
1978 Dianne Feinstein became San Francisco, California’s first female mayor.
1980 Led Zeppelin officially disbanded following the death of drummer John Bonham on September 25th.
1991 Journalist Terry A. Anderson was released after 7 years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut.
1991 Captain Mark Pyle piloted Clipper Goodwill, a Pan American World Airways Boeing 727-221ADV, to Miami International Airport ending 64 years of Pan Am operations.
1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, was launched.
2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protested for democracy and call on the Government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
2006 – An adult giant squid was caught on video for the first time by Tsunemi Kubodera near the Ogasawara Islands.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia