522 BC – Darius I of Persia killed the Magian usurper Gaumâta, securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire.
61 BC Pompey the Great celebrated his third triumph for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday.
1227 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX for his failure to participate in the Crusades.
1364 Battle of Auray: English forces defeated the French in Brittany; end of the Breton War of Succession.
1547 Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra was born (d. 1616).
1650 Henry Robinson opened his Office of Addresses and Encounters – the first historically documented dating service – in Threadneedle Street, London.
1717 An earthquake struck Antigua Guatemala, destroying much of the city’s architecture and making authorities consider moving the capital to a different city.
1758 Horatio Nelson was born (d. 1805).
1810 English author Elizabeth Gaskell was born (d. 1865).
1829 The Metropolitan Police of London, later also known as the Met, was founded.
1848 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeated Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.
1850 The Roman Catholic hierarchy was re-established in England and Wales by Pope Pius IX.
1862 The first professional opera performance in New Zealand was put on by members of ‘The English Opera Troupe’ and the Royal Princess Theatre Company.
1864 American Civil War: The Battle of Chaffin’s Farm.
1907 The cornerstone was laid at Washington National Cathedral.
1907 US singer Gene Autry was born (d. 1998).
1911 Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire.
1913 US film director Stanley Kramer was born (d. 2001).
1916 John D. Rockefeller became the first billionaire.
1918 World War I: The Hindenburg Line was broken by Allied forces. Bulgaria signed an armistice
1932 Chaco War: Last day of the Battle of Boquerón between Paraguay and Bolivia.
1935 US musician Jerry Lee Lewis was born.
1936 Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was born.
1941 World War II: Holocaust in Kiev German Einsatzgruppe C began the Babi Yar massacre.
1943 Polish president Lech Walsea was born.
1951 Michelle Bachelet, former President of Chile, was born.
1954 The convention establishing CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) was signed.
1956 English athlete Sir Sebastian Coe was born.
1957 20 MCi (740 petabecquerels) of radioactive material was released in an explosion at the Soviet Mayak nuclear plant at Chelyabinsk.
1961 Julia Gillard, Australian politician, Prime Minister of Australia, was born.
1962 Alouette 1, the first Canadian satellite, was launched.
1963 The second period of the Second Vatican Council opened.
1963 The University of East Anglia was established in Norwich.
1964 The Argentine comic strip Mafalda, by Joaquín Salvador Lavado, better known by his pen name Quino, was published for the first time.
1966 The Chevrolet Camaro, originally named Panther, was introduced.
1975 WGPR in Detroit, Michigan, becomes the world’s first black-owned-and-operated television station.
1979 Pope John Paul II became the first pope to set foot on Irish soil.
1988 Space Shuttle: NASA launched STS-26, the return to flight mission.
1990 Construction of the Washington National Cathedral was completed.
1990 The YF-22, which later became the F-22 Raptor, flew for the first time.
1991 Military coup in Haiti.
1992 Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello resigned.
1995 The United States Navy disbanded Fighter Squadron 84 (VF-84), nicknamed the “Jolly Rogers”.
2004 The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passed within four lunar distances of Earth.
2004 – The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two required to win the prize.
2007 Calder Hall, the world’s first commercial nuclear power station, was demolished in a controlled explosion.
2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 777.68 points, the largest single-day point loss in its history.
2009 An 8.0 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands caused a tsunami .
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia