1191 Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf – Richard I of England defeated Saladin at Arsuf.
1524 Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian, was born (d. 1583).
1533 Queen Elizabeth I, was born (d. 1603).
1652 Around 15,000 Han farmers and militia rebelled against Dutch rule on Taiwan.
1776 World’s first submarine attack: the American submersible craft Turtle attempted to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admirl Richard Howe’s flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbour.
1812 Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino – Napoleon defeated the Russian army of Alexander I near the village of Borodino.
1818 Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway.
1819 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States, was born (d. 1885).
1821 The Republic of Gran Colombia was established, with Simón Bolívar as the founding President and Francisco de Paula Santander as vice president.
1822 Dom Pedro I declared Brazil independent from Portugal.
1860 Grandma Moses, American painter, ws born (d. 1961).
1860 Steamship Lady Elgin sank on Lake Michigan, with the loss of around 400 lives.
1862 Sir Edgar Speyer, American-born British financier and philanthropist, was born (d. 1932).
1868 Prussian soldier of fortune Gustavus Ferdinand von Tempsky was killed during the assault on Titokowaru’s pa in south Taranaki.
1887 Edith Sitwell, British poet and critic, was born (d. 1964).
1893 The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become the first Italian football club, was established by British expats.
1895 The first game of what would become known as rugby league was played, in England, starting the 1895-96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
1901 The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ended with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
1906 Alberto Santos-Dumont flew his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
1907 Cunard Line’s RMS Lusitania set sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
1909 – New Zealand’s heaviest gold nugget was found by Messrs Scott and Sharpe at Ross on the West Coast.
1909 Eugene Lefebvre (1878–1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashed at Juvisy France. He died, becoming the first ‘pilot’ in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
1911 French poet Guillaume Apollinaire was arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
1913 Anthony Quayle, British actor and director, was born (d. 1989).
1916 Federal employees won the right to Workers’ compensation by(Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
1920 Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crashed in the Swiss Alps en-route to Finland where killing both crews.
1921 – The NZ Maori team played the Springboks for the first time.
1921 The first Miss America Pageant, a two-day event, was held.
1922 Independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
1925 Laura Ashley, British designer, was born (d. 1985).
1927 Eric Hill, British children’s author, was born (d. 2014).
1927 The first fully electronic television system was achieved by Philo Taylor Farnsworth.
1929 Steamer Kuru capsized and sank on Lake Näsijärvi, Finland with 136 lives lost.
1936 The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, died alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo.
1936 Buddy Holly, American singer (The Crickets), was born (d. 1959).
1940 The Blitz – Nazi Germany began to rain bombs on London, the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing.
1940 Treaty of Craiova: Romania lost Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
1942 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
1942 First flight of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator.
1943 A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas, killed 55 people.
1945 Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrendered to U.S. Marines.
1949 Gloria Gaynor, American singer, was born.
1951 Chrissie Hynde, American guitarist and singer (The Pretenders), was born.
1953 Nikita Khrushchev was elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1957 Jermaine Stewart, American pop singer (Shalamar and Culture Club), was born (d. 1997).
1970 – Bill Shoemaker set record for most lifetime wins as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
1977 The Torrijos-Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal were signed.
1978 While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov was assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from in a specially-designed umbrella.
1978 British Prime Minister James Callaghan announced that he would not call a general election for October, considered to be a major political blunder.
1979 The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, ESPN, made its debut.
1979 – The Chrysler Corporation asked the United States government for USD $1.5 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
1986 Desmond Tutu became the first black man to lead the Anglican Church in South Africa.
1986 Gen. Augusto Pinochet, president of Chile, escaped attempted assassination.
1988 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returned aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days on the Mir space station.
1999 A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocked Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
2004 Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hit Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
2005 First presidential election was held in Egypt.
2008 The US Government took control of the two largest mortgage financing companies in the US, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
2010 – A Chinese fishing trawler collided with two Japanese Coast Guard patrol boats in disputed waters near the islands. The collisions occurred around 10am, after the Japanese Coast Guard ordered the trawler to leave the area. After the collisions, Japanese sailors boarded the Chinese vessel and arrested the captain, Zhan Qixiong.
2011 – A plane crash in Russia killed 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
2012 – Canada officially cut diplomatic ties with Iran by closing its embassy in Tehran and ordered the expulsion of Iranian diplomats from Ottawa, over support for Syria, nuclear plans and alleged rights abuses.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia