68 The Roman Senate accepted emperor Galba.
793 Vikings raided the abbey at Lindisfarne in Northumbria, commonly accepted as the beginning of the Scandinavian invasion of England.
1191 Richard I arrived in Acre thus beginning his crusade.
1671 Tomaso Albinoni, Italian composer, was born (d. 1751).
1690 Siddi general Yadi Sakat, razed the Mazagon Fort in Mumbai.
1776 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Trois-Rivières – American attackers were driven back at Trois-Rivières, Quebec.
1783 Laki, in Iceland, began an eight-month eruption which killed over 9,000 people and started a seven-year famine.
1789 James Madison introduced 12 proposed amendments to the United States Constitution in the United States House of Representatives, 10 of which were ratified by the state legislatures and become the Bill of Rights.
1810 Robert Schumann, German composer, was born (d. 1856).
1856 The community of Pitcairn Islands and descendants of the mutineers of HMS Bounty consisting of 194 people arrived on the Morayshire at Norfolk Island commencing the Third Settlement of the Island.
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Cross Keys – Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson saved the Army of Northern Virginia from a Union assault on the James Peninsula led by General George B. McClellan.
1867 Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect, was born (d. 1959).
1916 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist; Nobel laureate (d. 2004).
1928 Second Northern Expedition: The National Revolutionary Army captured Peking, (Beijing).
1933 Joan Rivers, American comedian and author, was born.
1934 Millicent Martin, English singer and actress, was born.
1940 Nancy Sinatra, American singer, was born.
1941 World War II: Allies invaded Syria and Lebanon.
1942 Chuck Negron, American singer (Three Dog Night), was born.
1942 World War II: Japanese imperial submarines I-21 and I-24 shelled the Australian cities of Sydney and Newcastle.
1950 Sir Thomas Blamey became the only Australian-born Field Marshal in Australian history.
1953 A tornado hit Flint, Michigan, and killed 115.
1953 The United States Supreme Court ruled that Washington, D..C. restaurants could not refuse to serve black patrons.
1959 The USS Barbero and United States Postal Service attempted the delivery of mail via Missile Mail.
1962 Nick Rhodes, English musician (Duran Duran), was born.
1966 One of the XB-70 Valkyrie prototypes was destroyed in a mid-air collision with a F-104 Starfighter chase plane during a photo shoot. NASA pilot Joseph A. Walker and United States Air Force test pilot Carl Cross were killed.
1966 Topeka, Kansas was devastated by a tornado that registers as an “F5″ on the Fujita Scale: the first to exceed US$100 million in damages. Sixteen people were killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed.
1967 Six-Day War: The USS Liberty incident occurred , killing 34 and wounding 171.
1974 An F4 tornado struck Emporia, Kansas, killing six.
1979 Adine Wilson, New Zealand netball player, was born.
1984 Homosexuality was declared legal in New South Wales.
1984 An F5 tornado struck Barneveld, Wisconsin, killing 9 and injuring 200; 90% of the homes, seventeen out of the eighteen businesses, and the three churches are destroyed.
1986 Kurt Waldheim, former Secretary-General of the United Nations, was elected president of Austria.
1987 The New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament and Arms Control Act was passed into law, establishing this country as a nuclear and biological weapon-free zone.
1992 The first World Ocean Day was celebrated.
1995 Downed U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O’Grady was rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
2001 Mamoru Takuma stabbed 8 elementary school pupils to death during the Osaka school massacre.
2008 The Akihabara massacre: Tomohiro Katō drove a two-ton truck into a crowded pedestrianised area before leaving the truck and attacking people with a knife, killing seven and injuring ten.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia