37 Roman Emperor Caligula accepted the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.
193 – Roman Emperor Pertinax was assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sold the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
845 Paris was sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collected a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
1472 Fra Bartolommeo, Italian artist, was born (d. 1517).
1795 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceased to exist and became part of Imperial Russia.
1809 Peninsular War: France defeated Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
1834 The United States Senate censuresd President Andrew Jackson for his actions in de-funding the Second Bank of the United States.
1860 First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka started.
1871 The Paris Commune was formally establised.
1920 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak in the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
1921 Dirk Bogarde, English actor, was born (d. 1999).
1935 Michael Parkinson, English broadcaster, was born.
1936 Mario Vargas Llosa, Peruvian author and politician, was born.
1939 Spanish Civil War: Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquered Madrid.
1941 Battle of Cape Matapan – British Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham led the Royal Navy in the destruction of three major Italian heavy cruisers and two destroyers.
1942 Neil Kinnock, British politician, was born.
1946 The United States State Department released the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
1946 Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru, was born,
1948 John Evan, British musician (Jethro Tull), was born.
1948 – Milan Williams, American musician (The Commodores) was born (d. 2006).
1948 – Matthew Corbett, English retired actor, was born.
1955 New Zealand cricket experienced its darkest day, when its 11 batsman could muster only 26 runs against England at Eden Park.
1968 Brazilian high school student Edson Luís de Lima Souto was shot by the police in a protest for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students.
1969 Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis made a statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
1969 – The McGill français movement protest – the second largest protest in Montreal’s history with 10,000 trade unionists, leftist activists, CEGEP some McGill students at McGill’s Roddick Gates.
1978 – The US Supreme Court handed down a 5-3 decision in Stump v. Sparkman, 435 U.S. 349, a controversial case involving involuntary sterilization and judicial immunity.
1979 – Operators failed to recognise that a relief valve was stuck open in the primary coolant system of Three Mile Island’s Unit 2 nuclear reactor following an unexpected shutdown. As a result, enough coolant drained out of the system to allow the core to overheat and partially melt down.
1979 – The British House of Commons passed a vote of no confidence against James Callaghan’s government, precipitating a general election.
1983 The Australia-New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA), better known as CER, was signed. It was New Zealand’s first comprehensive bilateral trade agreement – and one of the first agreements of this kind in the world.
1990 President George H. W. Bush posthumously awarded Jesse Owens the Congressional Gold Medal.
1994 Zulus and African National Congress supporters battled in central Johannesburg, resulting in 18 deaths.
1994 12-year-old schoolgirl Nikki Conroy was stabbed to death at Hall Garth School in Middlesbrough after a man walked into her maths classroom and attacked pupils with a knife.
1999 – Kosovo War: Serb paramilitary and military forces killed 146 Kosovo Albanians in the Izbica massacre.
2000 A Murray County, Georgia, school bus was hit by a CSX freight train which killed three children.
2003 In a “friendly fire” incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the Idaho Air National Guard’s 190th Fighter Squadron attacked British tanks participating in the invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.
2005 The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocked Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 was the second strongest earthquake since 1965.
2006 At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed took to the streets in France in protest at the government’s proposed First Employment Contract law.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia