303 – Galerius, Roman Emperor, published his edict that began the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire.
1387 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary was assassinated at Buda.
1582 Pope Gregory XIII announced the Gregorian calendar.
1786 Wilhelm Grimm, German philologist and folklorist, was born (d. 1859).
1822 The 1st Swaminarayan temple in the world, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad, was inaugurated.
1826 The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marked the end of the First Burmese War.
1831 The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the first removal treaty in accordance with the Indian Removal Act, was proclaimed. The Choctaws in Mississippi ceded land east of the river in exchange for payment and land in the West.
1848 King Louis-Philippe of France abdicated.
1868 The first parade to have floats was staged at Mardi Gras in New Orleans.
1868 – Andrew Johnson became the first President of the United States to be impeached by the United States House of Representatives.
1875 The SS Gothenburg hit the Great Barrier Reef and sank off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100.
1877 Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist, was born (d. 1936).
1893 The American University was chartered by an act of the Congress.
1895 Revolution broke out in Baire beginning the second war for Cuban independence.
1899 Western Washington University was established.
1902 The Battle of Langverwacht Hill ended.
1909 – The Hudson Motor Car Company was founded.
1912: The hull of TSS Earnslaw was launched in Kingston.
1917 The U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom was given the Zimmermann Telegram, in which Germany pledged to ensure the return of New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona to Mexico if Mexico declares war on the United States.
1920 The Nazi Party was founded.
1926 Jean Alexander, English actress, was born.
1942 Battle of Los Angeles: a UFO flying over Los Angeles caused a blackout order at 2:25 a.m. and attracted a barrage of anti-aircraft fire, ultimately killing 3 civilians.
1942 Paul Jones, English singer (Manfred Mann), was born.
1945 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha was killed in Parliamen.
1948 Dennis Waterman, British actor, was born.
1968 The Tet Offensive was halted; South Vietnam recaptured Hué.
1970 National Public Radio was founded in the United States.
1976 Cuba’s national Constitution proclaimed.
1981 – An earthquake registering 6.7 on the Richter scale hit Athens, killing 16 people and destroying buildings in several towns west of the city.
1989 – United Airlines Flight 811, bound for New Zealand from Honolulu, Hawaii, ripped open during flight, sucking 9 passengers out of the business-class section.
2007 Japan launched its fourth spy satellite.
2008 Fidel Castro retired as the President of Cuba.
2010 – Sachin Tendulkar scored the first double century in One Day International cricket.
2011 – Final Launch of Space Shuttle Discovery (OV-103).
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia and the ODT.