1238 The Mongols burned the Russian city of Vladimir.
1478 Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author, was born (d 1535).
1795 The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified.
1804 John Deere, American manufacturer (Deere & Company), was born (d. 1886).
1807 Battle of Eylau – Napoléon’s French Empire began fighting against Russian and Prussian forces of the Fourth Coalition at Eylau, Poland.
1812 Charles Dickens, English novelist, was born (d. 1870).
1863 The Royal Navy’s steam corvette HMS Orpheus, bringing supplies and reinforcements for the land wars, hit the Manukau Harbour bar and sank. Of the 259 aboard, 189 died, making it New Zealand’s worst maritime disaster.
1867 Laura Ingalls Wilder, American author, was born (d. 1957).
1870 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychologist was born (d. 1937).
1901 Arnold Nordmeyer, New Zealand politician, was born (d. 1989).
1904 A fire in Baltimore destroyed over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours.
1907 The Mud March, the first large procession organised by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
1922 Hattie Jacques, English actress, was born (d. 1980).
1943 Imperial Japanese naval forces completed the evacuation of Imperial Japanese Army troops from Guadalcanal during Operation Ke, ending Japanese attempts to retake the island from Allied forces in the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1956 Mark St. John, American musician (Kiss), was born (d. 2007).
1962 Garth Brooks, American singer, was born.
1962 Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian, was born.
1962 – David Bryan, American musician (Bon Jovi), was born.
1962 The United States banned all Cuban imports and exports.
1967 Bushfires in southern Tasmania claimed 62 lives and destroy 2,642.7 square kilometres (653,025.4 acres) of land.
1974 Grenada gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1986 Twenty-eight years of one-family rule ended in Haiti, when President Jean-Claude Duvalier fled.
1990 The Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party agreed to give up its monopoly on power.
1991 Haiti‘s first democratically elected president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was sworn in.
1991 – The IRA launched a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
1992 – The Maastricht Treaty was signed, leading to the creation of the European Union.
1995 Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, was arrested in Islamabad, Pakistan.
2009 Bushfires in Victoria left 173 dead in the worst natural disaster in Australia’s history.
Sourced from NZ History Online & Wikipedia.