1066 Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings – the forces of William the Conqueror defeated the English army and kill King Harold II of England.
1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeated King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
1644 William Penn, English founder of Pennsylvania, was born (d. 1718).
1656 Massachusetts enacts the first punitive legislation against the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
1758 Seven Years’ War: Austria defeated Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk.
1773 The first recorded Ministryof Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej was formed in Poland.
1805 Battle of Elchingen, France defeated Austria.
1806 Battle of Jena-Auerstädt France defeated Prussia.
1840 The Maronite leader Bashir II surrendered to the British Army and then is sent into exile on the islands of Malta.
1843 The British arrested the Irish nationalist Daniel O’Connell for conspiracy to commit crimes.
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Bristoe Station – Confederate troops under the command of General Robert E. Lee failed to drive the American Union Army completely out of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
1867 The 15th and the last military Shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate resigned in Japan, returning his power to the Emperor of Japan and thence to the re-established civil government of Japan.
1882 Eamon de Valera, Irish politician and patriot, was born (d. 1975).
1882 University of the Punjab was founded in a part of India that later became West Pakistan.
1888 Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand writer, was born (d. 1923).
1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower, U.S. general and 34th President of the United States, was born (d. 1969).
1894 E. E. Cummings, American poet, was born (d. 1962).
1912 While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the former President Theodore Roosevelt, was shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank.With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Mr. Roosevelt still carried out his scheduled public speech.
1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom’s worst coal mining accident claimed the lives of 439 miners.
1926 The children’s book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, was first published.
1927 Roger Moore, English actor, was born.
1938 The first flight of the Curtiss Aircraft Company’s P-40 Warhawk fighter plane.
1939 Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer, was born.
1939 The German Kriegsmarine submarine U-47 sank the British battleship HMS Royal Oak in the harbour at Scapa Flow.
1940 Cliff Richard, English singer, was born.
1940 Christopher Timothy, British actor, was born.
1940 Balham subway station disaster, in London during an air raid.
1943 Prisoners at the Sobibor extermination camp in Poland revolted against the Germans, killing eleven SS troops who were guards there, and wounding many more.
1943 – The American Eighth Air Force lost 60 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers in aerial combat during the second mass-daylight air raid on the Schweinfurt ball-bearing factories in western Nazi Germany.
1944 – Athens was liberated by British Army troops.
1946 Justin Hayward, English musician (Moody Blues), was born.
1949 – Chinese Civil War: Chinese Communist forces occupied the city of Guangzhou.
1952 Korean War: United Nations and South Korean forces launched Operation Showdown against Chinese strongholds at the Iron Triangle. The resulting Battle of Triangle Hill was the biggest and bloodiest battle of 1952.
1956 Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Indian Untouchable caste leader, converted to Buddhism along with 385,000 of his followers (see Neo-Buddhism).
1957 Queen Elizabeth II became the first Canadian Monarch to open up an annual session of the Canadian Parliament, presenting her Speech from the Throne in Ottawa, Canada.
1958 The American Atomic Energy Commission, with supporting military units, carried out an underground nuclear weapon test.
1962 – The Cuban Missile Crisis began: A U.S. Air Force U-2 reconnaissance plane and its pilot flew over Cuba and took photographs of Soviet missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
1964 Leonid Brezhnev became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1967 Joan Baez was arrested concerning a physical blockade of the U.S. Army’s induction centre in Oakland, California.
1968 – An earthquake rated at 6.8 on the Richter Scale destroyed the Australian town of Meckering, Western Australia, and ruptured all nearby main highways and railroads.
1968 Jim Hines of the United States of America becomes the first man ever to break the so-called “ten-second barrier” in the 100-meter sprint in the Summer Olympic Gamesheld in Mexico City with a time of 9.95 seconds.
1973 In the Thammasat student uprising over 100,000 people protested in Thailand against the Thanom military government; 77 were killed and 857 are injured by soldiers.
1979 The mutilated body of Marty Johnstone, leader of the Mr Asia drug syndicate, was found in Eccleston Delft, a flooded disused quarry in Lancashire.
1979 The National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, demanded “an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people”, and draws 200,000 people.
1981 Amnesty International charged the U.S. Federal Government with holding Richard Marshall of the American Indian Movement as a political prisoner.
1981 – Vice President Hosni Mubarak was elected as the President of Egypt.
1982 U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaimed a War on Drugs.
1994 Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and Foreign Minister of Israel, Shimon Peres, received the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in the establishment of the Oslo Accords and the framing of the future Palestinian Self Governing.
Sourced from NZ History Online & WIkipedia